Name: Duke of Apulia Roger Borsa Guiscard
Given Name: Duke of Apulia Roger Borsa
Birth: ABT 1058 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
Death: 22 Feb 1111 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
Change Date: 11 Jun 2013 at 01:00:00
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Roger Borsa (c. 1078?February 22, 1111) was the son and successor ofRobert Guiscard, the Norm an conqueror of Southern Italy and Sicily.His mother was Sikelgaita, an imposing warrior Lomb ard noblewoman. Hisambitious mother arranged for Roger to succeed his father in place ofRober t Guiscard's eldest son by another wife, Bohemund of Taranto.According to John Julius Cooper , 2nd Viscount Norwich:
"...Roger -- nicknamed Borsa, the purse, from his early-ingrainedhabit of counting and recoun ting his money. He was a weak and hesitantthirteen-year-old who gave the impression that a ch ildhood spent withRobert and Sichelgaita had been too much for him."
His father died in 1085 at Corfu. It happened that when RobertGuiscard died, Bohemund was els ewhere in Italy, so Roger Borsa and hismother were able to seize power. His Lombard heritag e also made him amore attractive candidate than his Norman half-brother. Roger was notas adep t as Robert Guiscard, and most of his reign was spent in feudalanarchy. Bohemund contested lo rdship of Apulia with him, and actuallyseized Apulia in 1085. Though described as a powerfu l warrior (he tookthe cities of Benevento, Canosa, Capua, and Lucera by siege) RogerBorsa wa s never able to check Bohemund's power or bring him under hiscontrol. In 1089 Roger Borsa wa s officially invested with the duchy ofApulia by Pope Urban II.
Roger Borsa married Adela of Flanders, the daughter of Robert I, Countof Flanders, and was su cceeded by their son William. However Williamproved to be as weak a ruler as his father, an d the domain wasultimately inherited by a cousin, Roger II of Sicily.
Father: Duke of Apulia Robert I Guiscard b: ABT 1015 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
Mother: Contessa di Salerno Sikelgaita b: ABT 1031 in Salerno, Campania, Italy
Adele de Flanders b: ABT 1064 in Hainault, Flanders, Belgium
- Duke of Apulia Guillaume Guiscard b: ABT 1100 in Apulia, Cala, Italy