Name: Shoshenq I (Shishak) (Sheshonq) (Hedjkheperra) (Setepenra) of Nemrat
Given Name: Shoshenq I (Shishak) (Sheshonq) (Hedjkheperra) (Setepenra) of
_AKA: Chief of the Ma (Mashwash Libyans)
Birth: ABT 0970 BC in Egypt
Death: 0924 BC
Reign from 0945 BC to 0924 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Change Date: 23 Mar 2014 at 01:00:00|
Father: Twenty-second Dynasty Pharaohs of Egypt b: 0945 BC in Egypt
Father: Associates of King Jeroboam I ben Nebat b: ABT 0975 BC in Israel
Kar'oma (Kar.am.at) (wife of Shoshenq II) b: in Egypt
- Osorkon I (Sekhemkeperra) (Setepenra) of Shoshenq I of Nemrat b: ABT 0950 BC in Egypt
- Input of Shoshenq I of Nemrat b: in Egypt
- Associates of Pharaoh Shoshenq I of Nemrat foster b: in Egypt
- AKA Pharaoh (Shoshenq) Shishak I of Nemrat foster b: in Egypt
- AKA Pharaoh (Shoshenq) Sheshonq I of Nemrat foster b: in Egypt
- AKA Pharaoh (Shoshenq) Hedjkheperra of Nemrat foster b: in Egypt
- AKA Pharaoh (Shoshenq) Setepenra of Nemrat foster b: in Egypt
Mehtenweskhet (Mehetemwaskhe) (wife of Shoshenq I of Paihut) b: in Egypt
- Tentsepah, daughter of Shoshenq I of Nemrat b: 1015 BC in Egypt
- Title: Chronology of the Old Testament
Note: 950s BC
945-715 22nd Dynasty945-924 Sheshonq I (Shishak)924-889 Osorkon I
Contemporaries in JUDAH:931/30-913 Rehoboam925 Sheshonq invades Palestine913-911/10 Abijam 911/10-870/69 Asa
Contemporaries in ISRAEL:931/30-910/09 Jeroboam I910/09-909/08 Nadab909/08-886/85 Baasha
Contemporaries in DAMASCUS and TYRE:
?955-925 Rezon?925-915 Hezion?915-900 Tabrimmon?900-?860 Ben-hadad I898/97-866/65 Ethbaa l I of Tyre
Contemporaries in MESOPOTAMIA:
933 Ashur-dan II
- Title: Everyone in the Bible
Author: William P. Barker
King of Egypt who founded the 22nd Dynasty, Shishak (or Sheshonk I, as the Egyptians called h im) swept across Palestine after Solomon's death and forced both Rehoboam of Judah and Jerobo am of Israel to pay heavy tribute. During this expedition, he sacked Jerusalem and plundere d theTemple. As a builder, he added spectacular additions to the great temple of Karnak. (E veryone in the Bible, by William P. Barker; 1966)
- Title: Web sites
Shoshenq I was the first king of the Twenty-second Dynasty and ruled for twenty-one years. Hi s name first appeared in a long inscription found at Abydos while he was the 'great chief o f the Meshwesh, prince of princes.' His father was Nemrat, who was the son of the lady Mehete mwaskhe, died and Shoshenq asked the king at that time to allow a funerary cult to be built a t Abydos in his honor. The king must have been the last Psusennes of the Twenty-first Dynasty . Shoshenq's son had married Psusennes' daughter, Makare. It is possible that the transitio n from the Twenty-first to the Twenty-second Dynasty was a peaceful one. Shoshenq's wife, Kar oma, was the mother of Osorkon I who was Shoshenq's successor. Shoshenq did considerable buil ding at home in Egypt. He added a new colonnaded forecourt with a triumphal gate that forme d an extension of the hypostyle hall in the Amun temple. No work had been done at Karnak sinc e the end of the Nineteenth Dynasty. He also had a successful campaign against the kingdom o f Judah and the kingdom of Israel. His tomb is located at Tanis.
- Title: Christian Answers Web Bible Encyclopedia
Author: Taylor, Paul S., Editor.
What evidence has been found of the Egyptian king, Shishak? (the first Egyptian king to be me ntioned by name in the Bible)
The name of David, Israel's second king, ca. 1010-970 BC, appears in two ninth century B C texts, the Tel Dan Inscription and the Moabite Stone. Shishak was the first Egyptian kin g to be mentioned by name in the Bible and is the first foreign king in the Bible for whom w e have extra-Biblical evidence.
Prior to the tenth century BC, it was customary for the kings of Egypt to be referred t o simply as "Pharaoh." After the tenth century, however, a proper name was included with th e title (Bible and Spade, Autumn 1993, p. 98). This practice was followed in the Bible as wel l. The first pharaoh to be identified with a personal name is Shishak, who ruled during the t ime of Solomon and his son Rehoboam. We first meet Shishak in 1 Kings 11:40. Because of Solo mon's idolatry, God decreed through the prophet Ahijah that He was going to take ten tribes f rom Solomon and give them to Jeroboam, an official in Solomon's court (1 Kings 11:26-39). A s a result, Solomon sought to kill Jeroboam. Jeroboam fled to Egypt where Shishak gave him re fuge (1 Kings 11:40).
After Solomon's death, Jeroboam returned and became leader of the breakaway Northern Kin gdom, while Rehoboam ruled over the Southern Kingdom of Judah (1 Kings 12:1-17). Shortly ther eafter, Shishak came with his army and invaded Judah and Israel. The Biblical record is brief :
In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem. He carrie d off the treasures of the Temple of the Lord and the treasures of the royal palace. He too k everything, including all the gold shields Solomon had made (1 Kings 14:25-26).
The Chronicler expands on this by recording:
With 1,200 chariots and 60,000 horsemen and the innumerable troops of Libyans, Sukkites and C ushites that came with him from Egypt, he [Shishak] captured the fortified cities of Judah an d came as far as Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 12:3-4).
Jerusalem was spared destruction only because the leaders of Judah humbled themselves be fore the Lord (2 Chronicles 12:5-8).
In Egyptian records, Shishak's name is spelled Sheshonq. Since there were later Sheshonq s, the Biblical Shishak/Sheshonq is known as Sheshonq-I.
Shishak descended from a line of chieftains of the Libyan tribe ofthe Meshwesh who had s ettled in Egypt at the end of the New Kingdom. He rose to prominence as commander-in-chief o f the Egyptian army under the last pharaoh of the 21st Dynasty, Psusennes II. Shishak gaine d a connection to the throne by marrying his son Osorkon to Psusennes' daughter. When Psusenn es died with no son to take his place, Shishak took over the throne and ruled ca. 945-924 B.C ., thus beginning 230 years of Libyan rule (the 22nd Dynasty).
There was a minor resurgence of Egyptian glory under Shishak. He inaugurated major build ing programs in the Delta, Memphis, Herakleopolis and Thebes.
Shishak evidently had his eye on his northern neighbor for some time. By harboring Jerob oam, he was contributing to the division of Israel. When the split occurred, it was an opport une time for him to deal a major blow to the two now weakened kingdoms, so he launched a camp aign.The underlying cause seems to have been to break Israel's commercia lmonopoly in the nor th and to obtain much needed booty, rather than to annex the area.
Shishak's campaign is documented in Egypt as well as in the Bible.Upon his return, he co nstructed a large festival court in front of the great Temple of Amun at Thebes in southern E gypt. The project was no doubt financed by plunder from Judah and Israel. On one of the wall s of the court, Shishak commissioned a commemorative relief of his Palestinian campaign. Unfo rtunately, it is badly damaged. Enough remains, however, to show that he not only attacked Ju dah, as the Bible records, but also the northern kingdom of Israel.
The scene depicts Shishak on the right side about to club a group of foreigners, most li kely Israelites given the context of the relief. The figure of Shishak is all but destroyed . On the left side is the chief Egyptian god Amun leading captive cities by means of ropes.
Each city is represented by an oval cartouche containing the name ofthe
city, with a bound prisoner on top. The list mainly contains place names in Israel, the Judah ite section being almost totally obliterated. Jerusalem does not appear in the list. One of t he Israelite towns is Megiddo. At the site of Megiddo a portion of a commemorative stela of S hishak was found by the Oriental Institute excavations in 1926. His name can be clearly rea d and the stela is without doubt from the 925 B.C. campaign.
One footnote to the story of Shishak's campaign. When Shishak's son Osorkon-I took the t hrone, he gave huge amounts of gold and silver (383tons!) to the temples of Egypt. What is mo re, he buried his son Sheshonq-II in a coffin made of pure silver. Where did all of this weal th come from? The only plausible explanation is that it came from the treasuries of the Templ e and royal palace at Jerusalem (1 Kings 14:26),and other cities of Judah and Israel, in Shis hak's campaign of 925 B.C.
The solid silver coffin of Shishak's grandson Sheshonq-II was discovered in 1939 by Pier re Montet at Tanis in the Egyptian delta. The silver used to make the coffin possibly came fr om Judah and Israel as a result of Shishak's 925 BC campaign. (http://www.christiananswers.n et/q-abr/abr-a017.html)
- Title: Web sites
Pharaoh of Egypt, in the 22nd dynasty, from c. 945 to 924 B.C. In the Old Testament he is c alled Shishak. He came from a line of princes or sheikhs of Libyan tribal descent, whose tit le was "great chief of the Meshwesh" and who appear to have settled in Heracleopolis, in midd le Egypt, though Manetho says the family came from Bubastis in the eastern delta. Sheshonk a ppears to have ascended the throne without a struggle, and he married his son Osorkon to a da ughter of Psusennes II, the last king of the foregoing dynasty.
The Bubastite portal at Karnak bears a relief and inscriptions celebrating this king's victo ries in Palestine. This was the occasion (c. 930 B.C.) when "Shishak king of Egypt came up a gainst Jerusalem" (I Kings 14: 25-26) in support of Jeroboam, the pretender, who challenged t he right of Solomon's son Rehoboam to succeed to the Israelite throne. The biblical account s peaks of the looting of the palace and Temple, though the name Jerusalem has not survived i n the Egyptian record. (Encyclopedia Brittannica, 1970 edition)
- Title: LDS Bible Dictionary
King of Egypt, being the first of the 22nd dynasty (1 Kgs. 11: 40; 1 Kgs. 14: 25-26; 2 Chr. 1 2: 2-9). A pictorial representation of his victory over Rehoboam has been discovered on the w all of the temple of Karnak.
The title given to the Egyptian kings; its meaning is ?Great House? (cf. ?Sublime Porte? or G ate). Nine or ten different Pharaohs are mentioned in the O.T., belonging to several differen t dynasties.
(5) Shishak or Sheshonk, of the 22nd dynasty, who befriended Jeroboam.
The Temple of Solomon is finished.
Shishak, king of Egypt, shelters Jeroboam
- Title: Web sites
(fâr´) (KEY) [Heb., from Egyptian,=the great house], title of the kings of ancient Egypt. O f the pharaohs in the Bible, Shishak is Sheshonk I, Neco or Necoh is Necho, and Hophra is Apr ies. Many scholars believe that the pharaoh who oppressed the Jews in chapters 1-14 of the Bo ok of Exodus was Seti I and that his son Ramses II was the pharaoh of the Exodus.