Updated Simon Hoyte of Somerset County England with Biblical, World Royalty & Pharaonic Connections

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  • ID: I98765
  • Name: Baruch (Barukh) ben Neriah ben Maaseiah
  • Surname: Neriah ben Maaseiah
  • Given Name: Baruch (Barukh) ben
  • Prefix: Prophet Scribe
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 0624 BC 1 2
  • Death: DECEASED
  • _UID: C63920EBDE4FD61188390030AB11A988FCA0
  • PEDI: foster
  • Note:

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  • Change Date: 11 Sep 2003 at 01:00:00

    Father: Scribes of Prophet Jeremiah ben Hilkiah b: in Anatoth, Benjamin, Judea, Southern Israel

    Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
      1. Has Children Associates of Prophet Scribe Baruch ben Neriah foster b: ABT 0625 BC

      1. Title: Book of Jeremiah
        Jer. 36: 26
        But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and She lemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet: but the LORD hi d them.

        Jer. 43:6
        Even men, and women, and children, and the king's daughters, and every person that Nebuzarada n the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and J eremiah the prophet, and Baruch the son of Neriah. [were carried into Egypt]
      2. Title: Web sites
        Note: BOOK OF BARUCH
        An outline of the Book of Baruch

        1:1-1:10 A letter to Jerusalem
        1:11-1:14 Baruch and the Jews in Babylon
        1:15-2:10 Confession of Sins

        2:11-2:26 Prayer for Deliverance
        2:27-3:8 God's Promise Recalled

        3:9-4:4 In Praise of Wisdom

        4:5-4:29 Encouragement for Israel
        4:30-5:9 Jerusalem Is Assured of Help

        6:1 The Letter of Jeremiah
        6:2-6:7 The People Face a Long Captivity
        6:8-6:39 The Helplessness of Idols
        6:40-6:73 The Foolishness of Worshiping Idols
      3. Title: LDS Bible Dictionary
        BD BARUCH
        Jeremiah?s scribe (Jer. 32: 12 f.; Jer. 36); taken to Egypt (Jer. 43: 2-6; Jer. 45).
      4. Title: Prophets of Jewish Scripture
        Author: Rich, Tracey R
        Publication: http://www.jewfaq.org/prophet.htm
        Who are the Prophets of the Jewish Scriptures?
        The following list of prophets is based on the Talmud and Rashi.
        39. Barukh ben Neriah Jeremiah 32, 36, 43, 45
      5. Title: Nave's Topical Bible, 1962
        Author: Orville Nave
        Publication: http://www.studylight.org/con/ntb/
        1. An amanuensis (copyist) of Jeremiah -- Jeremiah 32:12-16; 36:4-32; 43:3-6; 45:1,2
      6. Title: Easton's Bible Dictionary
        1. The secretary of the prophet (Jeremiah 32:12; 36:4). He was of the tribe of Judah (51:59) . To him Jeremiah dictated his prophecies regarding the invasion of the Babylonians and the C aptivity. These he read to the people from a window in the temple in the fourth year of the r eign of Jehoiakim, king of Judah (Jeremiah 36). He afterwards read them before the counsellor s of the king at a private interview; and then to the king himself, who, after hearing a par t of the roll, cut it with a penknife, and threw it into the fire of his winter parlour, wher e he was sitting.
        During the siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, he was the keeper of the deed of purchase Je remiah had made of the territory of Hanameel (Jeremiah 32:12). Being accused by his enemies o f favouring the Chaldeans, he was cast, with Jeremiah, into prison, where he remained till th e capture of Jerusalem (B.C. 586). He probably died in Babylon.
      7. Title: Smith's Bible Dictionary
        Publication: http://www.studylight.org/dic/sbd/
        1. Son of Neriah, the friend, (Jeremiah 32:12) amanuensis, (Jeremiah 26:4-32) and faithful at tendant of Jeremiah. (Jeremiah 36:10) ff. (B.C. 603.) He was of a noble family, comp. (Jeremi ah 51:59) Bar. 1:1, and of distinguished acquirements. His enemies accused him of influencin g Jeremiah in favor of the Chaldaeans, (Jeremiah 43:3) cf. Jere 27:13 And he was imprisoned u ntil the capture of Jerusalem, B.C. 586. By the permission of Nebuchadnezzar he remained wit h Jeremiah at Mizpeh, Jos. Ant. x.9, 1, but was afterwards forced to go down to Egypt. (Jerem iah 43:6) Nothing is known certainly of the close of his life.
      8. Title: Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon
        Publication: http://www.studylight.org/lex/heb/
        Baruch = "blessed" (baw-rook')
        1. friend, amanuensis, and faithful attendant of Jeremiah
      9. Title: International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
        ba'-ruk, bar'-uk (baruk; Barouch, "blessed"):
        (1) Son of Neriah and brother of Seraiah, King Zedekiah's chamberlain (Jeremiah 51:59). He wa s the devoted friend (Jeremiah 32:12), the amanuensis (36:4,32) and faithful attendant (36:10 ; Josephus, Ant, X, vi, 2) of the prophet Jeremiah. He seems to have been of noble family (se e Ant, X, ix, 1; compare Jeremiah 51:59; Baruch 1:1). He was also according to Josephus a ma n of unusual acquirements (Ant., X, ix, 1). He might have risen to a high position and seeme d conscious of this, but under Jeremiah's influence (see Jeremiah 45:5) he repressed his ambi tion, being content to throw in his lot with the great prophet whose secretary and companio n he became. Jeremiah dictated his prophecies to Baruch, who read them to the people (Jeremia h 36). The king (Jehoiakim) was greatly angered at these prophecies and had Baruch arrested a nd the roll burnt. Baruch however rewrote the prophet's oracles. In the final siege of Jerusa lem Baruch stood by his master, witnessing the purchase by the latter of his ancestral estat e in Anathoth (Jeremiah 32). According to Josephus (Ant., X, ix, 1) he continued to reside wi th Jeremiah at Mizpah after the fall of Jerusalem. Subsequent to the murder of Gedaliah, he w as accused of having unduly influenced Jeremiah when the latter urged the people to remain i n Judah--a fact which shows how great was the influence which Baruch was believed to have ha d over his master (Jeremiah 43:3). He was carried with Jeremiah to Egypt (Jeremiah 43:6; Ant , X, ix, 6), and thereafter our knowledge of him is merely legendary. According to a traditio n preserved by Jerome (on Isaiah 30:6 f) he died in Egypt soon after reaching that country. T wo other traditions say that he went, or by Nebuchadnezzar was carried, to Babylon after thi s king conquered Egypt. The high character of Baruch and the important part he played in th e life and work of Jeremiah induced later generations still further to enhance his reputation , and a large number of spurious writings passed under his name, among them the following:
        (a) The \APOCALYPSE OF BARUCH\ (which see);
        (b) the Book of Baruch;
        (c) the Rest of the Words of Baruch;
        (d) the Gnostic Book of Baruch;
        (e) the Latin Book of Baruch, composed originally in Latin;
        (f) a Greek Apocalypse of Baruch belonging to the 2nd century of our era;
        (g) another Book of Baruch belonging to the 4th or 5th century.
      10. Title: Web sites
        Hebrew prophet Jeremiah's friend and secretary, who was employed to write from dictation or t o copy manuscripts..
      11. Title: WebShas: A bibliography of the Talmud
        Author: Mordechai Torczyner
        Publication: http://www.aishdas.org/webshas/index.htm
        Baruch ben Neryah
        Both Baruch and Neryah were descendants of Rachav: Megillah 14b
      12. Title: Web sites
        According to some (Talmud, Megillah 14B and 15A), Baruch Ben Neriah was a prophet, which wou ld make Ezra the direct disciple of a Biblical prophet.
      13. Title: Web sites
        Baruch ben Neryah
        Baruch ben Neryah began to learn at a young age from the prophet, Yirmiyah. He displayed cons iderable precociousness, according to a Midrash (Otzar Midrashim, pg. 35) which describes hi m learning Sefer Vayikra in a single day, before he had turned five years old. (See that Midr ash for an interesting comparison of Baruch ben Neryah and another important person, Ben Sira .) Baruch became Yirmiyahu's assistant and scribe in the years leading up to the destructio n of the first Beis haMikdash. He first appears in Tanach in Yirmiyahu 32, in a story which h as deep meaning. HaShem told Yirmiyah that his cousin, Chanamel, would come to him to sel l a family field; Yirmiyah was to redeem the field, and Baruch was to save the legal document . Yirmiyah asked Gd what purpose there would be in doing this, given that HaShem was giving t he Jews, and Israel, over to the Babylonians. HaShem responded that He was going to bring u s back to the land, and this act of purchasing the field and saving the document would symbol ize the hope for return. As we'll see later, this story would have great meaning in Baruch' s life. Baruch also played a key role in a showdown between Yirmiyah and the Jewish king, Ye hoyakim (Yirmiyahu 36). HaShem told Yirmiyah to record a series of prophecies, which became t he core of the book of Eichah (Lamentations). The scroll was to be read in public, in the Bei s haMikdash, on a fast day. Baruch took the scroll and performed the public reading, and th e people listened to him. The audience included members of the king's court, and the scroll w as brought back to Yehoyakim. When Yehoyakim heard it, he had the scroll torn up and burned.T he Gemara (Moed Katan 26a) records Yehoyakim's reaction to the scroll. Yehoyakim was not trou bled by the description of destruction and desolation; he responded to each line, "I will sti ll be the king!" It was only when the prophecy predicted that the Jewish king would be depose d, and the other nations would take over, that Yehoyakim had the scroll torn up and burned. B aruch ben Neryah was something of a political figure, too. In Yirmiyahu 42, Yirmiyahu warne d the Jews not to flee to Egypt before the invading Babylonians. One group responded that Yir miyahu was presenting false prophecy, and that the mastermind behind this was actually Baruc h ben Neryah. They claimed that Baruch was an agent of the Babylonians. In the end, Baruch w ent to Bavel, with Yirmiyahu. Baruch became a spiritual leader, as a prophet (Megillah 15a) a nd a political leader as a member of the Babylonian king's court (Sifri Bamidbar 99). He wa s recognized as an authority; he sat on the court which decided when to add a month to the Je wish calendar (Yerushalmi Sanhedrin 1:2). Baruch was known as someone whose deeds marked hi m as an outstanding person (Sifri Bamidbar 99, and other Midrashim). Baruch lived a life o f personal struggle, to a certain extent. Yirmiyahu 45 records a cryptic message from Gd to B aruch. Gd accuses Baruch of seeking glory for himself, and Gd says that he should be happy th at he has his life, at a time when HaShem is uprooting so much. The Midrash (Mechilta deR' Yi shmael on Parshas Bo) says that Baruch was upset that, to that point, he had not received per sonal prophecy. He compared himself to Elisha, and others who served prophets and then becam e prophets, themselves. HaShem responded that he should not be complaining thus. Ultimately , as we mentioned above, Baruch did gain prophecy in Bavel. Baruch never made it back to Isr ael, although he did live long enough to see the rebuilding of the Beis haMikdash. When the t ime actually came, Baruch was too old to make the trip (Shir haShirim Rabbah 5:1). Baruch tra ined Ezra, who became the leader of the Jews in Israel after Baruch died. Ezra stalled his ow n trip to Israel for seven years, to learn by Baruch, rather than lead the Jews. The studyin g which Ezra did by Baruch was important enough to override his duty as a leader of the Jewis h people. I think this goes back to the story of Yirmiyahu and his field, in Anasos. HaShem t old Yirmiyahu that Baruch would hold the document for the sale, and with it he would hold th e hopes of the Jewish people. Baruch held the learning which he had accumulated by Yirmiyahu , and he passed it along to Ezra for the rebuilding of the second Beis haMikdash. This enable d the returning Jews to have a connection back to the first Beis haMikdash; Yirmiyahu led dir ectly into Ezra, via the link of Baruch ben Neryah.
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