Name: Khufu (Cheops) (Kheops) (Medjedu) of Snofru of Huni
Surname: Snofru of Huni
Given Name: Khufu (Cheops) (Kheops) (Medjedu) of
Birth: ABT 2600 BC in Egypt
Death: 2528 BC
Reign from 2551 BC to 2528
Change Date: 26 Apr 2006 at 01:00:00
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Father: Snofru (Nebmaat Snefru) of Huni b: ABT 2625 BC in Egypt
Mother: Hetepheres I, daughter of Huni b: in Egypt
Meritates II (Merityetes II) b: in Egypt
- Kewab (Kawab) of Khufu of Snofru b: ABT 2575 BC in Egypt
- Radjedef (Djedefre) (Kheper) (Redjedef) of Khufu of Snofru b: ABT 2575 BC in Egypt
- Associates of Pharaoh Khufu of Snofru foster b: in Egypt
- AKA Pharaoh (Khufu) Cheops of Snofru foster b: in Egypt
- AKA Pharaoh (Khufu) Kheops of Snofru foster b: in Egypt
Henutsen (wife of Khufu) b: in Egypt
- Khafre (Chephren) (Khephren) (Re-khaf) (Userib) of Khufu of Snofru b: ABT 2575 BC in Egypt
- Khufu-khaf of Khufu of Snofru b: in Egypt
- Khamernebti I (Khamerernebty) of Khufu of Snofru b: ABT 2575 BC in Egypt
- Hetepheres II of Khufu of Snofru b: ABT 2575 BC in Egypt
- Menkhaf of Khufu of Snofru b: ABT 2575 BC in Egypt
Senti of Snofru of Huni b: in Egypt
- Associates of Princess Senti of Snofru foster b: in Egypt
- Title: Encyclopedia of the Rulers of Egypt
Author: Egypt State Information Service
(Cheops)2551 to 2528 B.C.
Cheops was the second king of the 4th Dynasty and was the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giz a. Khufu was succeeded by Radjedef, his son by a lessor wife, whose reign was abruptly ended . He was succeeded by Khephren, Khufu's son by Queen Henutsen. A miniature statue of Khufu i s on display at the Cairo Museum. This is the only likeness of him known to be in existence.
- Title: Web sites
Kheops is the second and most famous king of the 4th Dynasty. He was the son of Snofru and He tepheres I. He at least had two wives, probably even as much as four, with whom he had severa l children. Queen Meritates bore him Kawab, Hor-djedef, Hetepheres II and Meresankh II. Wit h Henutsen, Kheops had Re-khaf (the later king Khephren) and Khufu-khaf as children. Other ch ildren of Kheops are Re-djedef, who would succeed Kheops as Djedefre, Hor-baf, who is sometim es supposed to have become the otherwise unattested king Bakare, and Khamernebti I.
According to Manetho and Herodotos, Kheops would have ruled for 63 years. The Turin King-list , however, only notes 23 years for the successor of Snofru. Although the name of the king o n this line is missing, it does apply to Kheops, being Snofru?s successor.
Like his father, Kheops seems to have been intent on establishing a more or less permanent mi litary presence in the Sinai, probably to prevent the Bedouins from interrupting the work i n the turquoise mines. An inscription in Aswan demonstrates Kheops? interest in this region a s well, as it was the main quarry of the granite needed to build his pyramid. A stela found n ear Abu Simbel and some fragments of an alabaster object found in Byblos, indicate some comme rcial activity with Nubia and Palestine.
Following his father's example, Kheops again built his funerary monument away from his predec essor?s. Building activity was moved from Dashur to Giza, to the North of the capital Memphis . There he built the monument that has made him one of the most famous kings of the Ancient E gyptian history: the great pyramid of Giza. Herodotos? account of thousands of slaves labouri ng for 20 years to build this monument, is now seen as incorrect. It is now accepted that th e harder labour, such as moving and placing the granite and calcite blocks, was done by farme rs during the annual 4-month inundation of the Nile. Recent discoveries have shown that the y were housed and paid and that they were even buried near the pyramid of the king, so that t hey could be part of the king?s eternal life after death.
Herodotos, however, did not invent Kheops? bad reputation. This had, in fact, become part o f the Egyptian tradition centuries before this Greek traveller visited Egypt. The Middle King dom story recorded on the Westcar Papyrus, which shows Snofru as a wise and kind man, describ es Kheops as a cruel and tyrannical ruler, with no respect for life.