Name: Andronikos I KOMNENOS
Prefix: Emperor of Byzantium
Birth: ABT 1118 in Constantinople, Byzantium
Death: 12 SEP 1185 in Constantinople, Byzantium - murdered
!SOURCE: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00121182&tree=LEO (Leo van de Pas)
!SOURCE: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg , Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.) , Reference: II 175
!SOURCE: Stuart, Roderick W., Royalty for Commoners, 2002, p. 21.
Andronicus seems to have enjoyed illicit affaires as he had first seduced the Byzantine Emperor's niece Eudoxia. Then Boemund of Antioch forced Andronicus to leave Antioch for seducing Boemund's sister Philippa. In Jerusalem Andronicus seduced the recently widowed Queen Theodora, who was also a Byzantine princess. Returned to Constantinople, he was approached by conspirators and asked to act against the hated Regent, the Latin Empress Maria, who also happened to be the elder sister of Philippa whom he had seduced in Antioch. So in 1182 he raised an army and marched on Constantinople. His approach to the city caused a violent revolt against the Italian merchants and most were massacred. Andronicus entered the city in triumph. The Empress's favourite ministers had their eyes put out and were thrown into prison. ??After this, Andronicus forced the child-Emperor Alexius II to sign his mother's death warrant, and Empress Maria was quietly strangled. Andronicus was then made co-emperor and two months later Alexius II was murdered. Andronicus then married Alexius II's twelve-year-old widow, Princess Agnès of France, and became the undisputed ruler of the Byzantine world. ??He was twenty-six-years old when he became emperor. Seeing rivals and rebels everywhere, he became paranoid as time passed, causing a reign of terror. Many members of the Comneni family were executed without trial, even if they had lived in obscurity for years. ??After a period the people of Constantinople revolted against him. The cause for this revolt was Isaac Angelos, an obscure, elderly and amiable cousin of Andronicus who, after being arrested, escaped and found sanctuary in the Church of the Holy Wisdom. Andronicus ordered his men to arrest him again. However even his own bodyguard deserted him, and the city rose against him. While trying to escape the city he was captured by the mob who broke his teeth, tore out his beard and hair, put out one eye and cut off one of his hands before tying him to the back of a camel. They then beat him on the head with sticks and pushed dung into his nostrils while a prostitute collected a jar of boiling water and emptied it over his face. He endured it all without complaint, praying continually. He was next taken to the Hippodrome, suspended from a beam by his feet, and killed with a sword. ??He was succeeded as emperor by Isaac Angelos whom he had tried to imprison. Isaac Angelos was an ineffective emperor and Byzantium ceased to be a world power.
Father: Isaakios Porphyrogennetos KOMNENOS b: 16 JAN 1093 in Constantinople, Byzantium
Mother: Irene OF_PRZEMYSL b: ABT 1095 in of Byzantium
Philippa OF_ANTIOCH b: ABT 1148 in of Antioch (Antakya, Turkey)
Agnès CAPET b: 1171 in France