J.H. Garner Genealogy Database

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  • ID: I100658
  • Name: Maria II da Glória QUEEN OF PORTUGAL 1 2
  • Sex: F
  • Change Date: 06 JUL 2007
  • Birth: 04 APR 1819 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 3 2
  • Death: 15 NOV 1853 in Lisbon, Portugal
  • Note: After constant pregnancies and births, doctors kept informing Maria of the danger of giving birth to nearly one child per year. She neglected the risks that had also killed her mother; "If I die, I die in my post", she said. Maria II died while giving birth to Prince Eugene in 1853. 3 2 4
  • Event: Note MAR 1826
  • Note:
    In March 1826, King João VI died, creating a succession crisis in Portugal. The king had a male heir, Dom Pedro, but Pedro had proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822 and he was now Emperor Pedro I of that country. The late king also had a younger son, Miguel, but he was exiled in Austria after leading a number of revolutions against his father and his liberal regime.

    The king had nominated his favorite daughter, Isabel Maria, as regent until "the legitimate heir returned to the Kingdom". But he didn't specify who was the legitimate heir. Pedro, the liberal Emperor of Brazil, or Miguel, the absolutist exiled prince?

    Most people considered that Pedro was the legitimate heir, but nobody wanted him to unite Portugal and Brazil's thrones again. Aware that his brother's supporters were ready to bring Miguel back and put him in the throne, he decided for a more consensual option: he abdicated the throne to his eldest daughter, Maria da Gloria (who was only 7 years old), and she should marry her uncle Miguel, who should accept the Liberal Constitution and act as a regent until his niece was an adult.

    Miguel pretended to accept, but when he arrived in Portugal he deposed Maria and proclaimed himself King, abrogating the liberal constitution in the process. During his reign of terror, Maria traveled to many European courts, including her grandfather's in Vienna, as well as to London and Paris.
    4
  • Event: Epitaph AFT 15 NOV 1853
  • Note: Maria II is remembered as a good mother and a kind person, who always acted according to her convictions in an attempt to help her country. She was later given the surname "The Good Mother." 4
  • Event: Note BET APR 1831 AND 1834
  • Note: Her father Pedro abdicated the Brazilian throne in 1831 in favor of his son (and Maria's younger brother, Pedro II), and from his base in the Azores he attacked his brother (and Maria's uncle and husband) Miguel, forcing him to abdicate in 1834. Maria was thereupon restored to the throne, and obtained an annulment of her marriage. 4
  • Event: Note BET 16 MAY 1846 AND 22 FEB 1847
  • Note: Maria's reign saw a revolutionary insurrection on May 16, 1846, but this was crushed by royalist troops on February 22, 1847, and Portugal otherwise avoided the European upheavals of 1848. Maria's reign was also notable for a public health act aimed at curbing the spread of cholera throughout the country. She also pursued policies aimed at increasing the levels of education throughout the country. 4
  • Event: Note 05 JUL 1830
  • Note: The French occupied the North African city of Algiers on July 5, 1830.



    Father: Pedro IV de Bragança KING OF PORTUGAL b: 12 OCT 1798 in Queluz, Lisboa, Portugal
    Mother: Marie Leopoldine Josepha Caroline OF AUSTRIA b: 22 JAN 1797 in Vienna, Austria

    Marriage 1 Ferdinand August Franz Anton of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha DUKE OF SAXONY b: 29 OCT 1816 in Vienna, Austria
    • Married: 08 APR 1836 in Lisbon, Portugal
    • Note: She married the cultured and able Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha who ruled with her as King Consort. That title he received, in accordance with Portuguese custom, when their first child, an heir to the throne, was born. 3 2 5
    Children
    1. Has No Children Pedro V de Alcantara Maria Fernando KING OF PORTUGAL b: 16 SEP 1837 in Lisbon, Portugal
    2. Has Children Luiz I 'o Popular' Filipe Maria Fernando KING OF PORTUGAL b: 31 OCT 1838 in Lisbon, Portugal
    3. Has Children Maria Ana Fernanda DE BRAGANÇA de Portugal b: 21 JUL 1843 in Lisbon, Portugal
    4. Has Children Antonia Maria Fernanda DE PORTUGAL b: 17 FEB 1845 in Belem Palace, Lisbon, Portugal
    5. Has No Children Eugenio Maria DE BRAGANÇA de Portugal b: 15 NOV 1853 in Lisbon, Portugal

    Marriage 2 Auguste Eugène Charles Napoleon de Beauharnais DUKE OF LEUCHTENBERG b: 09 DEC 1810 in Milan, Lombardy, Italy
    • Married: 26 JAN 1835 in Lisbon, Portugal 3 6 7 8

    Sources:
    1. Title: Leo van de Pas: Leo's Genealogics Website, Address: Canberra, Australia, Url: http://www.genealogics.org/index.php
      Abbrev: Leo van de Pas
      Author: leovdpas@netspeed.com.au, Compiler: Leo van de Pas
      Note:
      A contributor to soc.genealogy.medieval
      Page: Maria da Gloria Joana Carlota Leopoldina da Cruz Francisca Xavier de Paula Izidora Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga Queen of Portugal
    2. Title: Miscellaneous
      Abbrev: Miscellaneous
      Page: The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969, 1971, 1976 , Addington, A. C., Reference: page 159
    3. Title: Leo van de Pas: Leo's Genealogics Website, Address: Canberra, Australia, Url: http://www.genealogics.org/index.php
      Abbrev: Leo van de Pas
      Author: leovdpas@netspeed.com.au, Compiler: Leo van de Pas
      Note:
      A contributor to soc.genealogy.medieval
    4. Title: Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, Url: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
      Abbrev: Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia
    5. Title: Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, Url: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
      Abbrev: Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia
      Page: m Jan 1 1836
    6. Title: Miscellaneous
      Abbrev: Miscellaneous
      Page: The Dukes of Leuchtenberg Edgware, 1983. , Fanning, Charles W., Reference: page 41
    7. Title: Miscellaneous
      Abbrev: Miscellaneous
      Page: The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969, 1971, 1976 , Addington, A. C., Reference: vol II page 159
    8. Title: Miscellaneous
      Abbrev: Miscellaneous
      Page: Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: 1956.
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