J.H. Garner Genealogy Database

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  • ID: I104778
  • Title: Queen 1 2 3
  • Name: Barbora RADZIWILLÓWNA 1 2 3
  • Sex: F
  • Change Date: 22 MAY 2007
  • Birth: 1520 4
  • Death: 08 MAY 1551 in Kraków, Poland 4
  • Event: Accedence 07 DEC 1550
  • Note: There was substantial opposition toward her marriage to the King from many of the szlachta (nobles), as the marriage was carried out without regard to the laws governing royal marriages. It was pursued by King Sigismund, who seemed to have disregarded the political liabilities and consequences and to be truly in love with Barbora. A divorce was demanded by the Sejm, and many political games took place around the issue of this marriage, which were further inflamed by the machinations of the King's mother Bona Sforza. This resulted in conflicts between the King and many magnates and lesser szlachta. A deadlock lasting two years, ensued. The opposition finally acquiesced, and Barbora was crowned Queen of Poland on December 7, 1550. 5
  • Burial: 1551 Cathedral of Vilnius, Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Note: It was her wish to be buried in Lithuania, and a funeral cortege took her body to Vilnius. Her crypt is in the Cathedral of Vilnius. 5
  • Religion: Calvinist. 5



    Father: Jerzy 'Victor RADZIWILL Castellan of Vilnius b: 1480
    Mother: Barbara KOLANKA b: 1480

    Marriage 1 Sigismund II Augustus Jagiello KING OF POLAND b: 01 AUG 1520 in Krakow, Poland
    • Married: 1547 in Vilnius, Lithuania
    • Note:
      From the outset of his reign, Sigismund came into collision with Poland's szlachta (gentry), who had already begun curtailing the power of the great families. The ostensible cause of the szlachta's animosity to the King was his second marriage, secretly contracted before his accession to the throne, with the beautiful Lithuanian Calvinist, Barbora Radziwill, daughter of Hetman Jerzy Radziwill.

      But the real forces behind the movement seem to have been the Austrian court and Sigismund's own mother, Bona Sforza, and so violent was the agitation at Sigismund's first sejm (October 31, 1548) that the deputies threatened to renounce their allegiance unless the King repudiated his wife Barbora. He refused, and his moral courage and political dexterity won the day.
      6 7 8
    • Event: Widowed 08 MAY 1551
    • Note: Sigismund's wife Barbora died on May 8, 1551, in Kraków, five months after her coronation as Queen. Her death was a severe loss to the King and there was an unproven suspicion that she had been poisoned by the Queen Mother, Bona Sforza. It was her wish to be buried in Lithuania, and a funeral cortege took her body to Vilnius. Her crypt is in the Cathedral of Vilnius. 5
    • Event: Note 1550
    • Note: By 1550, when Sigismund summoned his second sejm, a reaction to his marriage to Barbora Radziwill had begun in his favor, and the szlachta was rebuked by Piotr Kmita, Marshal of the Sejm, who accused them of attempting to unduly diminish the legislative prerogatives of the crown. 5

    Marriage 2 Stanislaw Gasztold COUNT-PALATINE OF TROKI b: 1507
    • Married: 18 MAY 1537 4 9

    Sources:
    1. Title: Miscellaneous
      Abbrev: Miscellaneous
      Page: Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: 1964 445; Barbara Radziwill
    2. Title: Leo van de Pas: Leo's Genealogics Website, Address: Canberra, Australia, Url: http://www.genealogics.org/index.php
      Abbrev: Leo van de Pas
      Author: leovdpas@netspeed.com.au, Compiler: Leo van de Pas
      Note:
      A contributor to soc.genealogy.medieval
      Page: Barbara Radziwill
    3. Title: Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, Url: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
      Abbrev: Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia
      Page: Barbora Radvilaite, d/o Hetman Jerzy Radziwill
    4. Title: Miscellaneous
      Abbrev: Miscellaneous
      Page: Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: 1964 445
    5. Title: Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, Url: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
      Abbrev: Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia
    6. Title: Leo van de Pas: Leo's Genealogics Website, Address: Canberra, Australia, Url: http://www.genealogics.org/index.php
      Abbrev: Leo van de Pas
      Author: leovdpas@netspeed.com.au, Compiler: Leo van de Pas
      Note:
      A contributor to soc.genealogy.medieval
      Page: no memo
    7. Title: Miscellaneous
      Abbrev: Miscellaneous
      Page: Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: 1964 445; no memo
    8. Title: Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, Url: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
      Abbrev: Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia
      Page: no date per se
    9. Title: Leo van de Pas: Leo's Genealogics Website, Address: Canberra, Australia, Url: http://www.genealogics.org/index.php
      Abbrev: Leo van de Pas
      Author: leovdpas@netspeed.com.au, Compiler: Leo van de Pas
      Note:
      A contributor to soc.genealogy.medieval
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