J.H. Garner Genealogy Database

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  • ID: I29155
  • Name: Mary II Stuart QUEEN OF ENGLAND 1
  • Sex: F
  • Change Date: 04 MAR 2008
  • Birth: 30 APR 1662 in St. James Palace, London, England
  • Death: 28 DEC 1694 in Kensington Palace, London, England
  • Religion: Protestant.
  • Event: Accedence 13 FEB 1689
  • Note: Acceded as Queen of England and Ireland. Mary, although a sovereign in her own right, did not wield power during most of her reign. Mary, a Protestant, came to the throne following the Glorious Revolution, which resulted in the deposition of her Catholic father, James II. Mary reigned jointly with her husband and first cousin, William III, who became the sole ruler upon her death. Popular histories usually know the joint reign as that of "William and Mary". Mary, although a sovereign in her own right, did not wield power during most of her reign. She did, however, govern the realm when her husband was abroad fighting wars. 1
  • Event: Note 18 FEB 1685
  • Note:
    Fort Saint Louis was established by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, at Matagorda Bay on February 18, 1685. La Salle led an expedition of 300 settlers and soldiers to establish a small settlement at the mouth of the Mississippi River. Inaccurate maps and navigational issues caused his ships to instead anchor off the coast of Texas near Matagorda Bay.

    The colony faced numerous difficulties in its brief existence, including hostile natives and deaths due to illness and the harsh conditions. Mindful of his original mission, La Salle led several expeditions to find the Mississippi River; instead, he explored much of the Rio Grande and parts of East Texas. After their last ship was wrecked in 1686, the colonists were unable to reach French colonies in the Caribbean Sea to gain new supplies or assistance. As conditions deteriorated, La Salle believed the colony could only be saved by contacting French settlements in Illinois Country. His last expedition, which left the colony in early 1687, ended along the Brazos River with the murder of La Salle and five of his men by rivals in the group. The remaining members of the colony were killed or captured during a raid by the Karankawa Indians in late 1688 or early 1689. Although the colony lasted only three years, its existence established France's claim to possession of the region that is now Texas, and later supported the United States's claim to the region as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

    Spain learned of La Salle's mission in 1686. Concerned that the French fort threatened Spain's control over New Spain (modern-day Mexico and much of the southwestern part of North America), Spanish authorities funded multiple expeditions over several years to find and eliminate the French settlement. The unsuccessful expeditions helped Spain to better understand the geography of the Gulf Coast region. The remains of the French fort were discovered in 1689, after Spanish explorers led by Alonso De León followed the directions of French deserter Jean Gery. The Spanish burned the fort and buried the French cannons and later built a presidio at the same location. The French fort was rediscovered in 1996.
  • Occupation: William and Mary ruled jointly, until Mary's death. BET 13 FEB 1689 AND 28 DEC 1694
  • Event: Note 04 MAR 1681
  • Note: King Charles II of England granted a land charter on March 4, 1681 to William Penn for the area that later became Pennsylvania.

    Father: James II Stuart KING OF ENGLAND b: 14 OCT 1633 in St. James Palace, London, England
    Mother: Anne HYDE b: 12 MAR 1638 in Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor, Berkshire, England

    Marriage 1 William III of Orange KING OF ENGLAND b: 14 NOV 1650 in Binnenhof Palace, The Hague, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
    • Married: 04 NOV 1677 in St. James Palace, London, England
    • Event: Note 13 FEB 1689
    • Note: William & Mary proclaimed joint sovereigns of England. 2

    1. Title: Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, Url: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
      Abbrev: Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia
    2. Title: University of Hull Royal Database (England), Url: http://www.hull.ac.uk/php/cssbct/genealogy/royal/
      Abbrev: University of Hull Royal DB
      Author: bct@tardis.ed.ac.uk, Compiler: Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science
      Publication: University of Hull, Hull, UK HU6 7RX, 1994, 1995, 1996
      Usually reliable but sometimes includes hypothetical lines, mythological figures, etc.
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