New England, Irish, Scotish, Isle of Man

Entries: 76911    Updated: Thu Oct 19 20:39:19 2000    Owner: Nancy Ann Norman

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  • ID: I66685
  • Name: Duncan I Mac Crinan of SCOTLAND
  • Suffix: King of Scots
  • Title: King of Scots
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: Abt 1001/1005 in ,Scotland
  • Death: 14 AUG 1040 in Elgin,Moray,Scotland
  • Ancestral File #: 8MMC-3K
  • Note:
    Sources: RC 165; Kraentzler 1158, 1263; A. Roots 170; Pfafman; AF; Paget;
    The Royal Line of Succession by Patrick W. Montaque-Smith; MacBeth, Scotland's
    Warrior King by Bob Stewart; NEHGR 122/265; AIS.
    RC: Duncan mac Crinan (Duncan I), King of Strathclyde, 1018-1034. King of
    Scots, 1034-1040. Died in battle 14 Aug. 1040 near Elgin, Moray, Scotland;
    murdered by Macbeth. He besieged Durham, 14 Aug. 1040.
    Murdered by his successor, Macbeth (or by Macbeth's followers), near Elgin,
    Moray, Scotland, in 1040.
    Stewart: Duncan was a bad king and Macbeth a good king, despited Shakespeare,
    who wrote his play based on history written 600 years after the time of MacBeth.
    "The actual Duncan was tyrannical and a destructive leader who foolishly
    sacrificed large numbers of his men in fruitless campaigns of expansion. He was
    not poisoned as in Hector Boece's chronicle or murdered as in Shakespeare, but
    slain in battle during his disastrous campaign against Thorfinn of Orkney."
    Elected High King at Scone in December 1034 at the age of 33. He had some
    experience of rule as petty king of Cumbria.
    "Perhaps Duncan's most unpopular and dangerous move was to force campaigns
    on northern and southern fronts almost simultaneously. Duncan attempted to
    expand into the territories of Caithness and Sutherland, ruled by the powerful
    Thorfinn of Orkney as part of the Norse territories. He also tried to take
    advantage of the disputes over English succession, by invading Northumbria.
    Thus, forces moved both north and south, to Caithness under command of
    Duncan's nephew Moddan, and to Durham under command of Duncan himself. Both
    attempts failed miserably.
    "Duncan, showing himself not only to be heartless and totally incapable of
    basic military strategy, sent repeated cavalry charges against the massive
    walls of Durham; once the cavalry was defeated, the city troops counter-
    attacked and killed thousands of the Scottish infantry. The heads of these men,
    killed through the incompetence of the king they had helped to elect, were
    impaled around the city walls." See Stewart, page 20, for more detail on
    subsequent futile military action. "'The Orygynale Cronyhkil of Scotland'
    describes Duncan as a vicious tyrant."
    Pfafman: Duncan I MacCrinan. King of Scotland 1034-1040.
    Royal Line: King of Scotland, 1034-1040. First King of the House of Atholl.
    His maternal grandfather, Malcolm II, died in 1034 without a male heir and
    succession to the throne was disputed, but Duncan gained the throne, only to be
    slain by his cousin, Macbeth.
    NEHGR: Duncan I, reigned 1034-1040. No known bastards. Had Malcolm III;
    Donald Bane; Melmare, ancestor of the earls of Atholl, and, possibly, Madach.
    AIS: Duncan I, The Gracious, born about1001, Scotland; died 14 Aug 1040,
    Moray, Scotland.
  • Change Date: 12 JUL 2000 at 21:32:24

    Father: Crinan the Thane "Athol" b: 978 in ,Dunkeld,Scotland
    Mother: Bethoc (Beatrix) of SCOTLAND b: Abt 984 in Angus,Scotland

    Marriage 1 Sibil (or Sybilla) of NORTHUMBERLAND b: Abt 1040 in of,Northumbria,England
    • Married: Abt 1030
    1. Has Children Malcolm III Canmore of SCOTLAND b: 1031 in ,Scotland
    2. Has Children Donald Bane of SCOTLAND b: Abt 1033
    3. Has No Children Maelmuir of SCOTLAND
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