To: Yahweh's People on His Ancient Path.

Entries: 129108    Updated: 2011-04-23 05:11:58 UTC (Sat)    Owner: John

Index | Descendancy | Register | Pedigree | Ahnentafel

  • ID: I36323
  • Name: Henry Smith
  • Given Name: Henry
  • Surname: Smith
  • Name: Puritan Pastor Henry Smith
  • Given Name: Puritan Pastor Henry
  • Surname: Smith 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1588 in Norwich, Norfolk, England 2 3 1
  • Death: 8 May 1648 in Wethersfield, CT 2 3 1 2 3 1
  • Education: Cambridge University 1
  • Occupation: Former Anglican Priest To American Puritan Pilgrim Minister 1
  • Religion: Anglican To Puritan 1
  • Event: Alt. Birth 1588 Norfolk, England 1
  • Event: Alt. Death 1648 Wethersfield , Hartford Co., Conn. 1
  • Event: Notes
  • Note:
    Note: The following is the work of Dale Smith -http://dharmazard.books.officelive.com/SmithHistory.aspx

    Many, many generations ago one of your ancestors Rev. Henry Smith, was born in 1600 in England. He was educated at Cambridge University receiving his BA in 1621; and his MA 1625, and was ordained a minister, by the Bishop of Peterborough, in 1623. Henry's first wife was the daughter of Gabriel Cornish, her name may have been Dorothy but this is not known for sure. Henry and Dorothy had four children: Philippa, Mary, Peregrine and Rebecca.

    After Dorothy's death Henry married his second wife Dorothy Cotton (?), sister to Rev. John Cotton in 1632 in England. Late in 1635 or very early in 1636 Henry with his wife Dorothy, two daughters and son from his first marriage ventured to New England. As was not uncommon at the time Henry and Dorothy's young son Preserve was born during the six-week journey. The Smiths settled first in Watertown, Massachusetts where their daughter Dorothy was born in 1636. Then they marched through the wilderness to Wethersfield, carrying just their necessities.
    They had shipped most of their belongings up the river but the ships floundered in a "great storm" and they lost practically everything. Henry built a log house for his family and Dorothy, with what was left of their belongings, did what she could to provide a comfortable home for her growing family. Four more children Samuel, Joanna, Noah and Elizabeth were born to them in Wethersfield where they lost their son Penegrine probably within a few years after their move.
    In addition to her household chores, Dorothy also developed skills with a rifle, and according to her son Samuel, shot several wolves which came too near the house. Rev. Henry Smith was one of the early Puritan ministers of New England. In 1641 Henry became the first settled minister at their church. Prior to that time the settlement had three ministers, each only serving a short period of time. His home lot of five acres was on High Street, the first house north of the meetinghouse. He was described as "a gentleman of good family" and "of uncommon culture, refinement and firmness".

    From the very beginning his ministry was troubled. Certain members of his congregation greeted him with suspicion, which led to allegations and accusations. His chief accuser was Mr. Clement Chaplin. Chaplin who moved from Hartford to Wethersfield in 1636 was a wealthy and prominent citizen. He was a large landowner; both he and Rev. Smith had lands allotted to them on both sides of the river in the general distribution of 1639.
    Mr. Chaplin, a Ruling Elder in the church since 1639, was very influential in the church and the community. Henry was soon embroiled in quarrels with some members of his congregation, which by 1643 had grown bitter and with a large portion of the congregation supporting him. Chaplin's accusations and suspicions along with written declarations grew so numerous that in 1643 the matter was brought before the General Court.
    After examining the merits of the case, the court ordered Mr. Chaplin to stop and fined him £11 for libeling Mr. Smith. This effectively stopped him from criticizing Mr. Smith, but it did not stop him from bringing various civil suits against the Reverend, forcing the courts again to take action. After their investigation Reverend Smith was exonerated and vindicated. This latest court action effectively quieted Chaplin and his followers. Reverend Smith's ministry moved forward, with no more serious interruptions.

    At the time of Rev. Henry's tenure in the pulpit at Wethersfield Connecticut, witchcraft was a popular endeavor, or perhaps I should say accusations of witchcraft were popular. Witchcraft as practiced in Connecticut and Massachusetts appears to have migrated to New England along with the original invaders from the Old Country. It was occasionally lethal to its practitioners and sometimes, it was said, to those on which it was practiced. In the manner of Puritan ministers in New England in those days, the Rev. Henry Smith presided in 1648 at the trial of Mary Johnson.
    In 1646, she had been sentenced to be whipped for theft, probably at Hartford, which was to be repeated a month later at Wethersfield. On her own confession, she was indicted by a jury in December 7, 1648, as guilty of "familiarity with the Devil." Mather says, "Her confession was attended with such connective circumstances that it could not be slighted." She confessed, he says, that she had murdered a child, and committed other faults of licentiousness. For some months before her execution, she was imprisoned at Hartford, under the care of William Ruscoe. A son was born to her while there.
    Nathaniel Ruscoe, the jailer's son, agreed with her before her death to bring up and educate the child, which agreement was afterward sanctioned by the court. The jailer was paid L6 10s, for twenty-four weeks' charges to June 6, 1650, from which fact it is inferred that she was executed on that date. Rev. Samuel Stone ministered to her while in prison, and it is said that she became a penitent woman. She was evidently a poor, misguided creature, who accounted for her fault according to the superstition of the age.

    Henry caught "the great fever" in 1648 and died age 48, two weeks before the birth of their daughter Elizabeth, in Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut, "grieved and wearied with the burdens of his charge." Although their two oldest daughters were married, Dorothy was still left with four young children to support and she married John Russell the following year. The church quarrels did not end with Henry's death and another quarrel in 1659 caused twenty families to leave the church. They moved into the jurisdiction of Massachusetts where they became founders of Hadley.
    Dorothy's son-in-law, John Russell who had taken Henry Smith's place as pastor of the Wethersfield church, became the first minister at Hadley. His father and Dorothy, probably also left Wethersfield at that time. By 1664 they were taking turns with Dorothy's son-in-law, Lieutenant Samuel Smith, in providing shelter in Hadley for the regicides, Goffe and Whalley. "William Goffe was a veteran of the English Civil War which pitted the armies of King Charles I and Parliament against one another."
    When King Charles was defeated, Goffe and 57 other Parliamentary judges voted to behead him. When his son, Charles II, took the throne in 1660 "he vowed vengeance against his father's killers." At that point Goffe and his father-in-law, Edward Whalley, fled to New England, eventually ending up in Hadley where they hid from 1664 to the late 1670s. Goffe became the center of one of the town's oldest legends. He allegedly came to the Hadley church in 1675 during King Phillip's War to warn of an imminent Indian attack. Since he had been hiding in the Russell home all those years, no one knew him and "when the Indians were repelled, the townspeople believed an angel had been sent to save their village." Dorothy's bible, which she may have given to Goffe, has recently been found in the Hadley Historical Society collection room, on the upper floor of the Goodwin Memorial Library where it sat in a drawer for almost 20 years.

    It was originally found in a secret room of the John Russell house in Hadley. On the inside front cover of the bible was written "Dorothy Russell her book." Dorothy wrote her will on the 16th Feb 1681 and her signature on the will is reportedly a perfect match for the one discovered on the bible. Dorothy died in 1694 in Hadley, Hampshire, Massachusetts, aged 88.
    Henry and his first wife had four children: Philippa, Mary, Peregrine and Rebecca Smith. Henry and his second wife Dorothy had six children: Preserved, Dorothy, Samuel, Joanna, Noah and Elizabeth Smith.



    /////////////////////////////////////////////
    History of Ancient Wethersfield, Connecticut;
    Lieutenant Samuel Smith by James William Hook; Ancient Wethersfield
    Author: Henry R. Stiles
    Publication: Volumes I and II
    Repository:
    Media: Book
    +++++
    «b»rdrbrdrdbrdrw20rsp20 The Smith Family in America
    Rev. Henry and Dorothy Smith
    Henry SMITH - b. 1588, Leicester County (near Norwich), England; d. 1648, Wethersfield, CT; will dated May 8, 1648. Said to be the son of Erasmus SMITH and Margaret CECIL. Henry was educated for the ministry at Sidney Sussex College (beginning 1617) and Magdalena College, Cambridge University (BA 1621/2; MA 1625), and ordained by the Bishop of Peterborough on Jun. 8, 1623. Rev. Henry SMITH probably arrived at Charlestown, MA about 1637 with his second wife and 4 small children. Admitted to the communion of the Watertown, MA church Dec. 5, 1637, and removed to Wethersfield, CT about 1638 as its first settled pastor (1641-1648). His first wife's name, by whom he had 4 children is not known. Married second about 1635, England. The following is a portion of a letter written by Henry's son Samuel, and provides a prose portrait of the minister.


    Hadley, Massacusetts Colony, Jan. ye Firste, 1698/99
    A letter written by son Samuel to his son Ichobod includes reference to his father:

    My Dear & Dutiful Son:
    I was of so tender an Age at the Death of my beloved Father, that I am possessed of but little of the Information for which you seek. My Revered Father was an ordained Minister of ye Gospelle, educate at Cambridge in England, & came to yis Land by reason of Ye Great Persecution by which ye infamous Archbiship Laud and ye Black Tom Tyrante (as Mr. Russell was always wont to call ye Earl of Strafforde) die cause ye reign of his Majestie, Charles ye First, to loose favor in ye sight of ye people of England. My Father & Mother came over in 1636/37, firste to Watertown which is neare Boston, & after a yeare or two to Weathersfield on ye great River, where he became ye firste settled Pastor. Concerning of ye earlie days I can remember but little save Hardship. My Parents had broughte both Men Servants & Maid Servants from England, but ye Maids tarried not but till they got married, ye wch was shortly, for there was great scarcity of Women in ye Colonies. Ye men did abide better. Onne of em had married onne of my Mother's Maids & they did come with us to Weathersfield, to our grate Comforte for some years, untill they had manny littel onnes of theire Owne. I do well remember ye Face & Figure of my Honoured Father. He was 5 foote, 10 inches talle & spare of builde, tho not leane. He was an Active as ye Red Skin Men & sinewy. His delighte was in sportes of strengthe, & withe his owne Hands he did helpe to reare bothe our owne House & ye Firste Meetinge House of Weathersfield, wherein he preacht yeares too fewe. He was well Featured & Fresh favoured with faire Skin & longe curling Hair (as neare all of us have had) with a merrie eye & swete smilinge Mouthe, tho he coulde frowne sternlie eno' when need was.
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Will dated May 8, 1648.
    Will of Rev. Henry Smith - March 8, 1648
    I Henry Smith, of Wethersfield, being at present in health of body and
    soundness of minde, considering my mortality, and knoweing it to be my duty
    to provide for my family and settle my estate, that I may leave no occasion
    of trouble to my children when I am gone, and that I may be free my self
    from distractions of this kind, if it shall please God to visit mee with
    sickness before I dye; I doe therefore leave this testimony uppon Record as
    my last Will and Testament. Then, for my outward estate, wch, because it is
    little and I have well proved the difficultyes of this Country, how hard a
    thinge it will be for a woman to manage the affaires of so great a family
    as the Father of Mercyes hathe blessed me withall, and have had allso
    experience of the prudence and faithfullness of my deare wife, who shall,
    in parting with me, parte with a great parte of her livelihood, I give to
    my wife full power to dispose of all my estate in howses, Lands, Cattell
    and Goods whatsoever, within dores and without, only providing if she marry
    again, or otherwise be able comfortably to spare it from her owne necessary
    maintenance, that she give to my sonne Sammuell that part of my howselott
    which was intended for my sonne Peregrine, lyinge next to the burying place,
    and the land I have beyond the great River eastward, and also to him and my
    2nd sonne Noah, 5 acres apeece of meadow, with upland proportionable
    thereunto; and to the rest of my children unmarried, £20 apeece at the age
    of 21 yeares, or at the time of her death wch shall come the soonest; and
    for my two daughters that bee married, my desire is that they have £20
    apeece, and every one of their children £5 apeece, either in books or such
    other thing my wife shall best please to parte withall. And I desire the
    Church, whose serviant I now am, to take an oversight of my family, that
    they may be brought up in the true feare of God, and to see that this my
    will bee faithfully prformed.
    Henry Smith
    {His will is not dated, signed at Wethersfield and reproduced in "Hale, House & Related Families,"
    pp. 731-732.}
    Actually died in Glastonbury, Hartford, CT. 1639 Reverend in New England

    ***{According to "Colonial Clergy," Rev. Henry Smith was b. 1588 at Norwich,
    England; ordained by the Bishop of Peterborough 8 Jun 1623,; settled
    Watertown, MS 1636/37; settled Wethersfield 1641-1648 as the first
    minister and died there, 1648. (This info provided by Dorohty Hornus,
    WVUW69B, on Prodigy BB; she owns one of the texts regarding colonial
    clergy.)}

    Mary (Lyon, founder of Mt. Holyoke College) was the sixth of eight children given to Aaron and Jemima(Shepard) Lyon. Her father, who died before she was seven years of age, was a man greatly beloved by all, and often sent for to pray with the sick and dying. Her mother's ancestry goes back in one line to Rev. Henry Smith, who came from England as early as 1636, and in another to Lieut. Samuel Smith, who sailed for New England in the Elizabeth, of Ipswich, in 1634. From Charlestown and Watertown, Massa-chusetts, they went to Wethersfield, Connecticut, where one was minister till his death in 1648, and the other for twenty years filled important offices in church and state. Differences arose, due in part to lax views re-specting baptism and church membership, and all but
    six members of the church, "for the sake of peace and harmony," voted to remove from Wethersfield. In 1659 or 1660, about thirty left in a body with Rev. John Russell, their minister, and joined by a minority from the church in Hartford, holding similar views, were the first settlers of Hadley, then called Norwottuck. Among these were Lieut. Smith, his son Chileab, and some of the children of Rev. Henry Smith; Preserved, the grandson of the minister, married -Mary, the grand-daughter of the lieutenant, thus uniting the two families.
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------------
    Henry was educated for the ministry at Cambridge University (BA 1621/2; MA 1625), and ordained Jun. 8, 1623. Rev. Henry SMITH probably arrived at Charlestown, MA about 1637 with his second wife and 4 small children. Admitted to the communion of the Watertown, MA church Dec. 5, 1637, and removed to Wethersfield, CT about 1639 as its first settled pastor. His first wife's name, by whom he had 4 children is not known. Married second about 1635, England.
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------
    Rev. Harry SMITH born: 1588 Leicester County England; married: (1) bef 1622 Unknown (2) bef 1639 Dorothy COTTON (m. 1649 (2) John RUSSELL, Sr; d. 1694; will dated 16 Feb 1681/2 in Hadley MA ) in England; died: 1648, Wethersfield CT; Son of Erastus SMITH and Margaret CECIL

    Children by 1st wife:
    1. Philippa - b. @ 1622 (England) m. 1640 Deacon John BIRDSEY d. by 1687 -
    2. Mary b. @ 1624 (England) m. 1643 Samuel HALE -
    3. Peregrine b. @ 1628 (England) d. before 1648 (probably at Wethersfield, CT) -
    4. Rebecca b. @ 1631 (England) m.(1) Samuel SMITH (b. about 1625, England; son of Lt. Samuel and Elizabeth CHILIAB of Wethersfield and Hadley. Divorced while Samuel was in VA) (2) 1669 Nathaniel BOWMAN by Dorothy COTTON:
    5. Dorothy b. @ 1636 (England) m. (1) John BLAKEMAN (2) 21 Oct 1665 Francis HALL (3) Mark STJOHN d. 1706, Farmington, CT (4) Dea. Isaac MOORE of Farmington -
    6. Samuel b. 27 Jan 1639 in Wethersfield CT m. @1662 Mary ENSIGN in CT d. 10 Sep 1703 in Hadley MA - 7. Joanna b. 25 Dec 1641 (Wethersfield CT) m. 4 Feb 1664 Philip RUSSELL (her step brother) in Hadley MA d. 28 Dec 1664 (Hadley MA) buried 29 Dec 1664 (Hadley, MA with her infant daughter) -
    8. Noah b. 25 Feb 1643/4 (Wethersfield CT) d. young aft 1648 -
    9. Elizabeth b. 25 Aug 1648 (Wethersfield CT) d. young.
    According to the research of Stephen M. Lawson Henry's mother was the daughter of William CECIL, Lord Burleigh, prime minister of England under Queen Elizabeth. He "was educated for the ministry at Cambridge University (BA 1621/2; MA 1625), and ordained Jun. 8, 1623 ... Rev. Henry SMITH probably arrived at Charlestown, MA about 1637 with his second wife and 4 small children. Admitted to the communion of the Watertown, MA church Dec. 5, 1637, and removed to Wethersfield, CT about 1639 as its first settled pastor. His first wife's name, by whom he had 4 children is not known. Married second about 1635, England."

    Henry and 7 others were named by the General Court in Massachusetts as a committee authorized to govern the early settlements in Connecticut.
    (See Partial transcription General Court of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay begun March 3, 1635-6 -
    Whereas, vpon some reason & grounds, there are to remove from this or comonwealth & body of the Mattachusetts in America dyvrs of or loveing ffriends, neighbrs, ffreemen & members of Newe Towne, Dorchestr, Waterton & other places, whoe are resolved to transplant themselues & their estates vnto the Ryver of Conecticott, there to reside & inhabite, & to that end dyvrs are there already, & dyvrs others shortly to goe, wee, in this present Court assembled, on the behalfe of or said membrs, & John Winthrop, Junr, Esq, Counr, appoyncted by certaine noble personages & men of quallitie interested in the sayd ryvr, wch are yet in England, on their behalfe, .. wee therefor thinke meete, & soe order, that Roger Ludlowe, Esp, Willm Pincon, Esq, John Steele Willm Swaine, Henry Smyth, Willm Phelpes, Willm Westwood, & Andrewe Ward, or the greater pte of them, shall have full power & aucthoritie { to hold court, to pass orders for the settlement and protection of the new towns and to call the inhabitants together in a legislative body,} provided, alwayes, that this comission shall not extende any longer time then one whole yeare from the date thereof. )«/b»
  • Event: Note
  • Note: http://dharmazard.books.officelive.com/HenrySmith.aspx
  • Religion:
  • Note: http://followingtheancientpaths.wordpress.com/2006/12/22/reformation-puritains-separatists-and-the-torah/
  • _UID: 588061D3E911EE4FB197A27FAFEEA22712A0
  • Change Date: 30 Sep 2010 at 15:21
  • Note:
    Family changed name from Herries to Smith to escape pursecution from Puritan's enemies. The Herries family was a prominent Church of England family and he was a Puritan outcast.

    Henry may have been educated for the ministry at Sidney Sussex College (beginning 1617) and Magdalene College, Cambridge University (BA 1621/2; MA 1625), or at King's College Cambridge University (BA 1619/20). A Rev. Henry SMITH was ordained by the Bishop of Peterborough on Jun. 8, 1623. He probably arrived in New England about 1636/7 with his second wife and young children, and by 1637 he was at Wethersfield, Hartford Co., CT as the first settled pastor. His first wife's name, by whom he had 4 children is not known. Married second about 1635, England. The following is a portion of a letter written by Henry's son Samuel, and provides a portrait of the minister. However, the statement about first settling at Watertown is not supported by any contemporary evidence. Hadley, Massacusetts Colony, Jan. ye Firste, 1698/99 My Dear & Dutiful Son: I was of so tender an Age at the Death of my beloved Father, that I am possessed of but little of the Information for which you seek. My Revered Father was an ordained Minister of ye Gospelle, educate at Cambridge in England, & came to yis Land by reason of Ye Great Persecution by which ye infamous Archbiship Laud and ye Black Tom Tyrante (as Mr. Russell was always wont to call ye Earl of Strafforde) die cause ye reign of his Majestie, Charles ye First, to loose favor in ye sight of ye people of England. My Father & Mother came over in 1636/37, firste to Watertown which is neare Boston, & after a yeare or two to Weathersfield on ye great River, where he became ye firste settled Pastor. Concerning of ye earlie days I can remember but little save Hardship. My Parents had broughte both Men Servants & Maid Servants from England, but ye Maids tarried not but till they got married, ye wch was shortly, for there was great scarcity of Women in ye Colonies. Ye men did abide better. Onne of em had married onne of my Mother's Maids & they did come with us to Weathersfield, to our grate Comforte for some years, untill they had manny littel onnes of theire Owne. I do well remember ye Face & Figure of my Honoured Father. He was 5 foote, 10 inches talle & spare of builde, tho not leane. He was an Active as ye Red Skin Men & sinewy. His delighte was in sportes of strengthe, & withe his owne Hands he did helpe to reare bothe our owne House & ye Firste Meetinge House of Weathersfield, wherein he preacht yeares too fewe. He was well Featured & Fresh favoured with faire Skin & longe curling Hair (as neare all of us have had) with a merrie eye & swete smilinge Mouthe, tho he coulde frowne sternlie eno' when need was.




    Father: Erastus Smith b: 1561 in Leicester, England
    Mother: Margaret Cecil b: Abt 1563

    Marriage 1 Dorothy Cornish
    • Married:
    • Change Date: 14 Aug 2010
    Children
    1. Has No Children Peregrine Smith b: in England
    2. Has No Children Philippa Smith b: in England

    Marriage 2 Dorothy Cotton b: 1605
    • Married: 1633 2 3 1
    • Change Date: 14 Aug 2010
    Children
    1. Has No Children Dorothy Smith b: 1633
    2. Has Children Samuel Smith b: 27 Jan 1639 in Westerfield, Conn.
    3. Has Children Joanna Smith b: 25 Dec 1641 in Wethersfield, CT
    4. Has No Children Noah Smith b: 25 Feb 1644 in Wethersfield, CT
    5. Has No Children Elizabeth Smith b: 1648 in Wethersfield, CT

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: The Pettypooletree ged file, started in 1999 from J Poole's research in 1986.
      Title: (The Pettypoole Tree GEDCOM file was submitted by J H Poole, Jr.; rjpoole1@juno.com.) This is an internet Ged file of the compliled genealogical research of John h. Poole, Jr., started in 1986. It was gathered from many individual family informants: such Margaret Mills McGehee, Mabel McGehee Lillie, Marie Parent Poole, Theodora Poole Rogers, Margaret Ann McGehee Samuel, Rev. Pool, Virginia Lobdell Jennings, Margaret Brokaw, Hughrene McCrainie, Judith Williams Coates, Mr. & Mrs. Lamar "Ollie" Poole, Gilbert Mills, Mr. & Mrs. Keller McKowen, Dolph McKowen, Inez Hatley Hughes, Polly Poole Craig, Liz Poole Miesch and many other internet databases. To them all, I deeply owe them my thanks.
    2. Abbrev: 11615-2.ftw
      Title: 11615-2.ftw
      Note:
      Call number:
      Text: Date of Import: 21 Feb 1999
    3. Abbrev: john herrice smith a57344.FTW
      Title: john herrice smith a57344.FTW
      Note:
      Call number:
      Text: Date of Import: Apr 23, 2005
  • We want to hear from you! Take our WorldConnect survey

    Index | Descendancy | Register | Pedigree | Ahnentafel

    Printer Friendly Version Printer Friendly Version Search Ancestry Search Ancestry Search WorldConnect Search WorldConnect Join Ancestry.com Today! Join Ancestry.com Today!

    WorldConnect Home | WorldConnect Global Search | WorldConnect Help
    We want to hear from you! Take our WorldConnect survey

    RootsWeb.com is NOT responsible for the content of the GEDCOMs uploaded through the WorldConnect Program. The creator of each GEDCOM is solely responsible for its content.