Bruce Cooley Pusch

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  • ID: I101800
  • Sex: M
  • Death: 1173 in OXFORDSHIRE, ENGLAND
  • Note:


    file: Skepper 5

    Includes ancestry from Isabella Marshal, a daughter of William Marshal, “The Greatest Knight”
    Geographic locations are in Britain unless otherwise noted.
    Note: Page references to the book “Plantagenet Ancestry” are noted with a “PA # __” and to the book “Magna Carta Ancestry“ are noted with a “MCA # __”.
    Note: The basic data for all entries is found in the 8th edition of the book “Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700”.

    Ancestral Roots - Line 63-27
    Ancestral Roots - Line 149-26
    Ancestral Roots - Line 246B-26

    4. Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford
    He was born 1116/22 Tonbridge, Kent and died 1173 in Oxfordshire.

    He was 3rd Earl of Hertford 1153-1173.

    He succeeded to the earldom when his brother Gilbert died without issue. In 1164 he assisted with the Constitutions of Clarendon. From his munificence to the Church and his numerous acts of piety, he was called “Good Earl of Hertford”.

    Roger de Clare married c.1150 (as her 1st husband):
    Maud de St. Hilary
    She was born c. 1138 and died after 24 Dec. 1193 in Norfolk.
    She was buried in the priory of Great Carbrooke, Norfolk.
    The site notes the location of Clare family tombs.

    She was a daughter of James de St. Hilary (Hilaire) du Harcourt (d.c.1154) of Field Dalling in Norfolk, by Aveline _____. (see More 2 #2 & MCA1A # 1)

    They were the parents of 7 children, including Richard. (see # 5 following >>>>>)
    Another child who was an ancestor was their daughter Aveline de Clare (d.1225), the wife of Geoffrey IV Fitz Piers (d.1213) (see file SH1I-8)

    Maud de St. Hilary married (2nd) William d’Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel and Sussex (d.1196). They had 3 children, two of whom were our ancestors:
    - William d’Aubigny (d.1220/1) married Mabel of Chester - see file MCAP4-1
    - Agnes d’Aubigny (d.1232) married William de Mowbray - see files MCA1-1. MCA1A-1, H6-6, HM10-5 & HS12-5

    5. Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, Baron of Clare, Suffolk
    Born 1162 Tonbridge Castle, Tonbridge, Kent
    Died between 30 Oct. and 28 Nov. 1217
    Buried in the choir of Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire.
    Following his death, Tonbridge Priory petitioned the bishop to grant indulgence ‘to all who prayed for the soul of Sir Richard de Clare, formerly Earl of Hertford, who body lies in the church of St. Mary Magdalen of Tonbridge, and the souls of all faithful departed deceased and those who have assisted in the building or upkeep of the lights” of the church of St. Mary Magdalene in Tonbridge. His widow, Amice, caused the earl’s body to be carried to Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire, where it was buried in the choir of the Abbey.

    More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had a grant from King John of a moiety of the Giffard estates from his ancestor Rohese Giffard (see Skepper 5 #1) in Normandy and England.

    He and his father-in-law, William, Earl of Gloucester were both suspected of complicity, if not direct involvement, in Earl Hugh le Bigod’s rebellion in 1173-74. Clare subsequently supported the King, when the King’s son, Henry (the younger), whom he crowned during his lifetime, rebelled against his father.

    At the start of the reign of King Richard I the barony of Long Crendon, Buckinghamshire (which had escheated to the crown in 1164) was divided between him and William Marshal, later Earl of Pembroke.

    Events in the life of Richard de Clare:
    1188 - he and Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, disputed for the honor of carrying the banner of St. Edmund in battle.
    3 Sept. 1189 - he was present at the coronation of King Richard I (Heart of Lion) at Westminster Abbey.
    1191 - he was one of eleven approved by the Chancellor to determine the questions between himself and Prince John.
    1193 - he was enjoined by the Chancellor to accompany him on his return to King Richard, then a prisoner in Germany.
    1194/95 - he had acquittance as being with the King in the army in Normandy.
    1198 - he excused himself from personal attendance on the king at Hertford.
    1198 - sometime before Michaelmas - Earl Richard and his wife, Amice, were separated by order of the Pope on grounds of consanguinity, by which date she took personal possession of the town of Sudbury, Suffolk, her marriage portion. The kinship was presumably due to their common descent from Harleve of Falaise, mother of William the Conqueror, King of England, they being related in the 5th and 6th degrees of kindred through Harleve.
    27 May 1199 - he was present at the coronation of King John at Westminster Abbey.
    He was also present at the homage of King William of Scotland at Lincoln.
    Trinity term 1200 - Richard and Amice were apparently considered divorced, when Amice was called “former wife of the Earl of Clare”.The issue of the validity of their marriage was presumably resolved, as Amice styled herself in later charters “Countess of Clare.” Regardless, they appeared to have been estranged at the time of Earl Richard’s death, as her charters make no mention of her husband, but only their son and heir, Gilbert.
    1201 - he paid 100 pounds (money) in order to obtain possession of the manor of Saham. Norfolk by writ of ‘mort d’ancestor’ against Roger de Tony, but Tony subsequently recovered the manor.
    Sometime prior to 1206 - he granted the church of Yalding, Kent with the chapelry of Brenchley to Tonbridge Priory.
    1214 - the canons of Nutley Abbey secured the church of Bottesham, Cambridgeshire against Richard de Clare.
    1215 - he joined the confederacy of the barons against the king. He sided with the Barons against King John, even though he had previously sworn peace with the King at Northampton, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being one of the twenty five Barons elected to guarantee the observance of Magna Carta, which King John signed in 1215.
    9 Nov. 1215 - he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate the peace with the king.
    16 Dec. 1215 - he was among the barons, along with his son Gilbert, excommunicated by Pope Innocent III.
    1215 - due to his status as being a leader of the Barons against King John, his lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun.
    5 Oct. 1217 - on returning to fealty, he had restitution of his lands.

    Richard de Clare married ca.1172:
    Amice Fitz William, Countess of Gloucester
    Born ca. 1160 and died allegedly 1 January 1224/25 at age 64.
    Buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire

    She was the 2nd daughter of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester (d.1183) and Hawise de Beaumont (d.1197), daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester, by Amice de Gael (d. aft 1168). See file Skepper-Hastings SH1A # 4.

    Her maritagium included the town of Sudbury, Suffolk.

    On the death of her sister, Isabel, Countess of Gloucester, in 1217, Amice became sole heir to their father, William, Earl of Gloucester.
    In the period, 1217/23, Amice, Countess of Clare, gave free alms in her widowhood “viduetate mea” of a message in Sudbury, Suffolk to Stoke by Clare Priory.

    They had seven children, including Gilbert (# 6). >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    Another of their children in our ancestry is their daughter Maud de Clare (d.1220) - see file MCA5B-2.
    MCA # 194
    6. Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, 1st Earl of Gloucester, 7th Earl of Clare
    Born about 1180 Hertford, Hertfordshire
    Died 25 October 1230 Penros (Penrose), Brittany, France
    Buried 11 Nov. 1230 at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire

    He left a will dated 30 April and 23 October 1230, proved before Michaelmas, 1233, by which he left the wood of Mythe and a gilt silver cross to Tewksbury Abbey.

    He inherited the Clare estates from his father and from his mother, Amice fitz Robert, the estates of Gloucester and from his grandmother the honour of St. Hilary, and from Rohese, an ancestor, the moiety of the Giffard estates and in June 1202, he was entrusted with the lands of Harfleur and Montrevillers.

    He and his father joined the confederacy of the barons against the King in 1215. He was one of the twenty-five barons elected to guarantee the observance of the Magna Carta, which King John signed 15 June 1215. In consequence he and his father were excommunicated by Pope Innocent III 16 Dec. 1215.

    Events in the life of Gilbert de Clare:
    1215 - Gilbert and his father were two of the barons made Magna Carta sureties and championed Louis “le Dauphin” of France (or ancestor Louis VIII of France) in the First Barons War, fighting at Lincoln under the baronial banner. He was taken prisoner in 1217 by William Marshal, whose daughter Isabel Gilbert later married.
    19 May 1217 - he fought on the side of Louis of France at the battle of Lincoln, and was taken prisoner by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke. He was afterwards released and his lands restored.

    Nov. 1217 - he was recognized as Earl of Gloucester (in his mother’s lifetime).
    1217 - he gave the manor of Hambleden, Buckinghamshire to Milicent de Cantelowe for life in settlement of her other claims in dower on the estates of her former husband, Amaury, Count of Everex (Gilbert’s 1st cousin).
    July 1222 - he was ordered by the King to desist from attacking the castle of Dinaunt Powys in Wales.
    1225 - he accompanied his brother-in-law Earl Marshal on an expedition to Wales. Also 1225 - he was present at the confirmation of the Magna Carta (Great Charter) by Henry III.
    1227 - he joined the rising of the King’s brother, Richard, Earl of Cornwall. The King soon gave way to the baron’s threats, and meeting them at Northampton in August, promised them satisfaction of their demands.
    1228 - he led an army against the Welsh, capturing Morgan Gam, who was released the next year.
    Again in 1228 he led an army against the Welsh and discovered iron, lead and silver mines in Wales.
    Early in 1230 - he then joined in an expedition to Brittany with the King, but died 25 oct. 1230 in that duchy on his way back to Penrose. His body was conveyed home by way of Plymouth and Cranbourgh to Tewkesbury.

    Gilbert de Clare married 9 October 1217 at Tewksbury Abbey in Gloucestershire:
    Isabella (Isabel) Marshal, Countess of Gloucestor, Hertford, Poitou & Cornwall
    She was born 1200/06 and died in childbed of jaundice 17 January 1239/40 at Berkhamstead Castle, Hertfordshire, the home of her second husband, Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cornwall.
    She was buried at Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire with her heart buried at Tewksbury Abbey in Gloucestershire.

    Per a letter in Oct. 2006 from G.F. Strawford, the Archivist at Tewksbury Abbey in Gloucestershire, Isabel’s heart was buried at Tewksbury Abbey. She (her heart) was buried under the name ‘Isabel Mareschall”.

    The story of Isabel’s heart: When Isabel was dying, she asked to be buried next to her first husband Gilbert at Tewkesbury Abbey, but her 2nd husband Richard had her interred at Beaulieu Abbey with her infant son instead. As a pious gesture, however, he sent her heart in a silver-gilt casket to Tewkesbury Abbey.

    Isabella Marshal was the 2nd daughter of Sir William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke (or Strigoil), hereditary Master Marshal, Mareschal of England and Isabel, daughter of Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare (Strongbow). See More 1 # 10.

    She inherited one-tenth of the barony of Long Crendon, Buckinghamshire.

    Between 1217 and 1230 they had three sons and three daughters, including two children who were our ancestors:
    1. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford (d.1262) (see # 7) >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    2. Isabel de Clare (d.1262), who married the 5th Earl of Annandale (see file M4A-6)
    Isabel, widow of Gilbert de Clare, married (2nd) 30 March 1231:
    Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cornwall, Count of Poitou and King of the Romans. He was the younger son of John, King of England, by his 2nd wife, Isabel, daughter of Ademar, Count of Angouleme.

    They were married despite the displeasure of Richard’s brother, King Henry, who had been arranging a more advantageous match for Richard.

    They had 4 children 3 of whom died as young children, except Henry of Alamin (1235-1271), who was murdered by de Montfort cousins while praying in church.

    Richard Plantagenet was known as a womanizer and his only descendants are found among his illegitimate children.

    MCA # 196

    7. Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester
    Born 4 August 1222 Gloucestershire
    Died testate 15 (or 22) July 1262 at Ashenfield (inWaltham), near Canterbury, Kent.
    It was rumored that he had been poisoned at the table of Peter of Savoy, the Queen’s uncle.
    He was buried 28 July 1262, at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire.
    Prior to the burial of his body, his entrails were buried before the altar of St. Edward the Confessor at the Cathedral Church of Christ at Canterbury and his heart was buried at the Collegiate Church of Tonbridge, Kent.

    He was Baron of Clare, Suffolk, Sheriff of Gloucestershire, High Marshal and Chief Butler to the Archbishop of Canterbury and Keeper of the Isle of Portland.

    He held half of the barony of Long Crendon, Buckinghamshire and through his mother,
    Isabel Marshal, he inherited a fifth part of the Marshal estates, including Kilkenny and other lordships in Ireland.

    His wardship was granted to Hubert de Burgh, the father of his first wife.

    Events in the life of Richard de Clare:
    1232 - he was secretly married to Margaret (Megotta) de Burgh, daughter of Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent. Both bride and groom were aged about 10 years and were living in close contact due to his being a ward of her father. It is unknown if their marriage was ever consummated, the children being parted when the marriage was discovered. They had no children.
    Megotta died in November 1237 age about 15.
    about 1238 - before Megotta had even died, the Earl of Lincoln offered 5,000 marks to King Henry to secure Richard for his own daughter, Richard being very wealthy and a choice groom. This offer was accepted, and Richard was married secondly, on or before 25 January 1238, Maud de Lacy, daughter of Surety John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, and Margaret Quincy. He was about age 16 at his 2nd wedding.
    27 Sept. 1243 - on coming of age, he had livery of his estates.
    about 1244-45 - a year after he became of age, he was engaged in an expedition against the Welsh.
    4 June 1245 - he was knighted by the King in London.
    1245 - he was co-heir to his uncle, Anselm Marshal, Earl of Pembroke.
    1246 - he joined in the Baron’s letter to the Pope against the exactions of the Curia in England.
    1247 - he was among those in opposition to the King’s half-brothers, who visited England, where they were very unpopular, but afterwards he was reconciled to them.
    April 1248 - he had letters of protection for going overseas on a pilgrimage. In 1248 he went on pilgrimage to St. Edmund at Pontigny in Champagne and to Santiago in 1250.
    1250 - he settled a dispute with the Abbot of Tewksbury about the right of infangthef
    (or punishment) of thieves taken on the Abbey’s lands, allowing the jurisdiction and gallows-right of the abbey.
    1252 - he went overseas (prob. France) to restore the honor of his brother William, who had been badly worsted in a tournament and had lost all his military equipment and horses. The Earl succeeded in recovering all for his brother, and returned home to great credit.
    August 1252/3 - the King crossed over to Gascony with his army and to his great indignation the Earl refused to accompany him and went to Ireland instead.
    mid-1250 - Scottish magnates, indignant at their castle of Edinburgh being in English hands, proposed to besiege it, but they desisted when they found they would be besieging their King and Queen. The King of Scotland apparently traveled South with the Earl, for on 24 September they were with King Henry III at Newminster, Northumberland.
    1256 - he and Richard, Earl of Cornwall, were employed by the king in settling differences between Archbishop Boniface and the Bishop of Rochester.
    July 1258 - he fell ill, being poisoned with his brother William, as it was supposed, by his steward Walter de Scotenay. Richard recovered with the loss of his hair and nails, but his
    brother died.

    At the commencement of hostilities between the King and the nobles, occasioned by Henry’s predilection for his Poitevin relatives, he favored the Baronial cause.
    15 July 1262 - Richard died at John de Griol’s manor of Asbenfield in Waltham, near Canterbury, it being rumored that he had been poisoned at the table of Piers de Savoy.

    On the Monday following his death, his body was taken to the Cathedral Church of Christ at Canterbury, where his entrails were buried before the altar of St. Edward the Confessor, the body was forthwith taken to the Collegiate Church of Tonbridge, Kent,
    where his heart was buried, and thence on 28 July 1262, the body was finally borne to Tewksbury, Gloucestershire, and buried there in the choir at Tewksbury Abbey with great solemnity in the presence of two bishops and eight abbots in the presbytery at his father’s right hand.

    Richard de Clare married (1st) St. Edmund’s Bury before Michaelmas 1236:
    Margaret (Megotta) de Burgh see MCA5A-3
    She was born about 1221 and died in November 1237 aged about 15.
    At their marriage, which was secret and unknown to her father, both bride and groom were aged about 10 years of age, it being a very young age even for that time. When the marriage was discovered, the couple were at once parted, he being interned in his own castle at Bletchingley, Surrey. They had no children.

    Megotta was a daughter of Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent. Hubert de Burgh was also Justiciar of England and Ireland and one of the most influential men in England during the reigns of King John and Henry III. He died in 1243. Margaret’s mother was Hubert’s 4th wife, Princess Margaret of Scotland, daughter of King William I (the Lion) of Scotland. For more on the life of Hubert de Burgh, see file MCA9 # 2.

    Richard de Clare married (2nd) on or before 25 January 1238 (they were both aged 15/16):
    Maud de Lacy see MCA5A-3
    She was born c.1223 and died before 10 March 1288/89.

    She was a daughter of Magna Carta Surety John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln (1192-1240), and Margaret, daughter of Robert de Quincy, of Long Buckby, Northamptonshire.

    In 1284 Richard’s widow Maud, founded an Augustinian nunnery for forty nuns at the church of St. John the Evangelist and St. Etheldreda at Legh, Devon.

    Richard de Clare and Maud de Lacy had three sons and four daughters, two sons and one daughter being our ancestors:
    1. Gilbert de Clare 2 Sep. 1243 - 7 Dec. 1295 - see # 8 following >>>>>>>>>>>>>
    2. Thomas de Clare 1245-1287 (see reference note at More 11 # 10)
    His daughter Maud de Clare married Robert de Clifford 3 Nov. 1295.
    Two of their children were our ancestors:
    (1) Robert de Clifford married Maud be Beauchamp - see More 11 # 11.
    (2) Idonea de Clifford married Henry de Percy - see More 1 # 15.

    3. Rohese de Clare c.1255 - after 1316 married Roger de Mowbray - see More 5 # 5
    PA # 19-505
    MCA # 198
    8. Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford and 3rd Earl of Gloucester
    Also known as the ‘Red Earl‘.
    Born 2 September 1243 Christchurch, Hampshire.
    Died 7 December 1295 Monmouth Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales.
    Buried 22 Dec. 1295 at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire on the left side of his grandfather Gilbert de Clare.

    He was a powerful Norman noble being Baron of Clare, Suffolk and Steward of St. Edmund‘s Abbey.

    Being under age at his father’s death, he was a ward of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

    Events in the life of Gilbert de Clare:
    1258-1267 - Earl Gilbert played an important role in the constitutional crises and Baron’s War of 1258-1267. Initially he supported the Baron’s cause.
    1262 - he inherited his father’s estates and took on his title, including Lord of Glamorgan (Wales) in 1263.

    April 1264 - he led the massacre of the Jews at Canterbury as Simon de Montfort had done in London. (There was jealousy about the Jews control over money-lending.)
    Apparently because of his actions, his castles of Kingston and Tonbridge were taken by the King. However, the King allowed his Countess, who was in the latter, to go free because she was his niece.
    12 May 1264 - he and Simon de Montfort were denounced as traitors, for gathering support of the barons against the King and his policies . Two days later, just before the Battle of Lewes, on 14 May, Montfort knighted the Earl and his brother Thomas.
    14 May 1264 - at the Battle of Lewes, the Earl commanded the second line of the battle and took the King prisoner, having hamstrung his horse. As Prince Edward had also been captured, Montfort and the Earl now ruled supreme in England. The Earl later changed sides against Montfort.
    20 October 1264 - Gilbert and his associates were excommunicated by the Papal Legate, and his lands placed under an interdict.
    May 1265 - Prince Edward managed to escape from Montfort and met Gilbert at Ludlow,
    where he swore to observe the “good old laws” and to remove aliens from the royal councils.
    June 1265 - in this month, by which time they had obtained possession and Gloucester and Bristol, the Prince (future Edward I) and the Earl were proclaimed as rebels by Montfort. They at once entered an active campaign, the Earl, in order to prevent Montfort’s escape, destroying ships at Bristol and a bridge over the Severn River. He
    shared the Prince’s victory at Kenilworth on 16 July 1265, and in the battle of Eversham on 4 August 1265, in which Montfort was slain. He commanded the second division and contributed largely to the victory.
    25 Oct. 1265 - the castle of Abergavenny was committed to his charge and on the 29th the honour (lordship) of Breakneck (both in Wales) was added.
    18 July 1271 - he and his wife Alice were legally separated at Norwich, Norfolk.
    16 Nov. 1272 - at the death of Henry III, the Earl took the lead in swearing fealty to Edward I, who was then in Sicily returning from the Crusade. The next day, with the
    Archbishop of York, Gilbert entered London and proclaimed peace to all, Christians and Jews, and for the first time, secured the acknowledgment of the right of the King’s eldest son to succeed to the throne immediately. Thereafter he was joint Guardian of England
    during the King’s absence, and on his arrival in England in August 1274, entertained the
    King at Tonbridge Castle.
    1275 - he went to France to negotiate for peace.
    1277 and 1282 - he was summoned to serve against the Welsh.
    1278 - he was among those selected to escort King Alexander III of Scotland to the King.
    May 1283 - he was contracted to marry the King’s daughter, Joan, provided he be formally divorced from his wife, Alice, and be free to marry where he will, and also that he obtain a dispensation from the Pope to marry to Joan, a first cousin once removed of his first wife, Alice.
    1285 - Gilbert was ‘wholly absolved” from the contract of marriage between him and his former wife, Alice, he granting her various manors including Thaxted in Essex and Wells and Warham in Norfolk for her support.
    1286 and 1287 - he was beyond the seas with the King.
    June 1287 - he was again in Wales on the King’s service.
    1291 - his quarrels with the Earl of Hereford about Brecknock culminated in a private war between them. Both earls were imprisoned by the King, Gilbert being fined 10,000 marks as the aggressor.
    1293 - he was appointed Captain of the forces in Ireland, and resided there until some time in 1294.

    Gilbert de Clare married (1st) in the spring of 1253 (as her 2nd husband):
    Alice de Lusignan (de la Marche) see More 1 #12, Skepper 2 #2, More 8C(2)
    She was born ca.1230 and died ca.1291.

    She was a daughter of Hugh XI de Lusignan (d.1250), Count of La Marche and Angouleme, seigneur of Lusignan in Poitou (uterine brother of King Henry III), Chateau-Larcher, Montreuil, and la Mothe-Saint-Heray de Lusignan, by Isabella de Angouleme, widow of King John, King of England and daughter and heiress of Ademar Taillefer, Count of Angouleme. (see file SH1F # 7)

    Alice was a uterine sister of King Henry III of England. Gilbert was 10 years old at their marriage and Alice was about 23. The marriage floundered and they separated in 1267 after producing two daughters, Isabel and Joan. Allegedly, Alice was in love with her cousin, Prince Edward.

    Alice de Lusignan had previously been married (1st) in August 1247 to John de Warenne, having three children. Their daughter Eleanor de Warenne was our ancestor - file More 1 # 12.

    Gilbert de Clare married (2nd) at Westminster Abbey, London 30 April 1290 (by dispensation dated 16 Nov. 1289):
    Joan of England (also known as Joan of Acre and Joan d‘ Acre)
    She was born in 1272 at Akko (Acre), Hazofan in the Kingdom of Jerusalem and died in childbirth 7 April 1307 at Clare Manor (the de Clare ancestral home) in Suffolk. Her child was stillborn.
    Joan was buried at Clare Priory in Suffolk before a concourse of royal and noble personages.

    Joan of England was born while her parents were traveling on the Ninth Crusade. At least a part of her childhood was spent in France with her maternal grandmother, Jeanne de Dammartin, Countess of Ponthieu.

    Joan of England was a daughter of King Edward I and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile-Leon. Joan was Countess of Gloucester. By provisions of the marriage contract, their joint possessions could only be inherited by a direct descendant.

    At their marriage, Gilbert was 47 and about 30 years Joan’s senior to her age 18.

    Joan was buried at Clare Priory, Clare, Suffolk. The Clare Priory website has pictured under “Grounds“ a plaque which lists her and other famous persons, including Richard III and Queen Anne Neville, buried at the priory. A son, Edward Monthermer (1303-1340), is also listed on the plaque as buried there.

    Gilbert de Clare and Joan of England had one son and three daughters, including Eleanor de Clare - see # 9.

    Joan married (2nd) clandestinely early in 1297, a knight in her household, Ralph de Monthermer, 1st Baron Monthermer (d.1325). Her father, King Edward I, was enraged by this lowly 2nd marriage of a king’s daughter, especially since he was arranging her marriage to an Italian nobleman. He had Monthermer thrown in prison, and Joan had to plead for the release of her husband. At last her father relented, released Monthermer from prison in August 1297, and allowed him to hold the title of Earl of Gloucester and
    Hereford during Joan’s lifetime. The King afterwards became much attached to his new son-in-law.

    They had two sons and one daughter. One son, Thomas, 2nd Lord Monthermer, was our ancestor, see file MCA13 # 8 (ref.).

    Sir Ralph de Monthermer 1st Lord Monthermer, married (2nd) before 20 Nov. 1318 Isabel le Despenser, widow successively of Sir Gilbert de Clare (d.1307) and Sir John de Hastings (d.1312/3). Isabel died 4 Dec. 1334 and buried at Grey Friars, Salisbury.

    also: Skepper 2 # 3 - for full details on Hugh le Despenser’s life & death PA # 267
    MCA # 276
    (her parents were Gilbert de Clare and Joan of England)
    9. Eleanor (Alianor) de Clare, Countess of Gloucester
    Born Oct. 1292 Caerphilly Castle, Glamorganshire, Wales and died 30 June 1337.

    She was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire
    She was the wife of the powerful Hugh le Despenser. With her sisters, Elizabeth de Clare and Margaret de Clare, she inherited her father’s estates after the death of her brother, Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Gloucester. Her grandfather, King Edward I of England, granted Eleanor a maritagium at her marriage of 2,000 pounds sterling.

    She married (1st) after 14 June 1306 at Westminster Abbey in London:
    Hugh le Despenser Baron Despenser (styled “the younger“)
    He was born 1286 and was executed as a traitor 24 Nov 1326 in Hereford.
    He was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire.

    Note: the details of the charges against him and his execution are as stated in the book: “The Greatest Traitor - The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer - Ruler of England 1327-1330” - see file Skepper 2 # 3.

    He was the son of Hugh le Despenser (styled “the elder“) (hanged as a traitor at Bristol Oct. 1326), 1st Earl of Winchester and Isabel de Beauchamp, daughter of William de Beauchamp (d.1298), 9th Earl of Warwick and Maud Fitz John (d.1301), daughter of John Fitz Geoffrey (d.1258), by Isabel Bigod.

    Hugh rose to prominence as the new favorite, and it was said, sexual intimate of Eleanor’s uncle, King Edward II of England. The king strongly favored Hugh and Eleanor, visiting them often and granting them many gifts. One foreign chronicler even alleged that Edward was involved in three-way sexual intimacy with his niece and her husband. Whatever the truth, Eleanor’s fortunes changed drastically after the invasion in 1326 of Edward II’s wife, Queen Isabella*, and her lover Roger de Mortimer in their
    attempt to depose Edward and the villainous Despensers, father and son. The king was caught by the Queen’s forces and jailed. The Despensers were both executed and the younger one quite gruesome - the elder on Oct 27 and the younger on Nov. 24, 1326.
    * Queen Isabella was our ancestor - see file More 2 # 8.

    Eleanor was confined to the Tower of London until February 1328. In April 1328, she was allowed possession of her own lands, for which she did homage.

    The Despenser family’s fortunes also suffered with the executions of Eleanor’s husband and father-in-law. Eleanor and Hugh’s eldest son, another Hugh, who held Caerphilly
    Castle against the queen’s forces until the spring of 1327, was spared his life when he
    surrendered the castle but remained a prisoner until 1337, after which he was slowly restored to royal favor. Three of Eleanor’s daughters were forcibly veiled as nuns. Only the eldest daughter, Isabel, and the youngest daughter, Elizabeth, escaped the nunnery. Isabel because she was already married and Elizabeth on account of her infancy.

    And in a bizarre incident in January, 1329, Eleanor was abducted from Hanley Castle by William de la Zouche, who had been one of her husband’s captors and who had led the
    siege of Caerphilly Castle. The abduction may in fact have been an elopement and the
    two may have already been lovers. In any case, Eleanor’s lands were seized by the king, and the couple were ordered to be arrested. At the same time, Eleanor was accused of stealing jewels from the Tower. Sometime after February, 1329, she was imprisoned a second time in the Tower of London. Later, she was moved to Devizes Castle. In January 1330, she was released and pardoned after agreeing to sign away the most valuable part of her share of the lucrative Clare inheritance to the Crown. She could recover her lands only on the condition that she pay an enormous sum of 50,000 pounds in a single day.

    Within a year, however, the young Edward II overthrew Queen Isabella’s lover, Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, who had been the Regent of England from 1327-1330, and had him executed. Eleanor was among those who benefited from the fall of Mortimer and
    Isabella. She petitioned Edward III for the restoration of her lands, claiming that she had them signed them away after being threatened by Mortimer that she would never be freed
    if she did not. In 1331, Edward III granted her petition “to ease the king’s conscience” and allowed her to recover the lands on the condition that she pay a fine of 10,000
    pounds, later reduced to 5,000 pounds, in installments. Eleanor made payments on the fine, but the bulk of it was outstanding at her death.

    Eleanor’s troubles were by no means over, however. After her marriage to Zouche, Sir John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey, claimed that he had married her first and appealed the case to the Pope several times. Ultimately Zouche won the dispute. Eleanor remained with Zouche until his death in February 1337, only a few months before her own death. They had possibly two children.

    Eleanor’s 2nd marriage: shortly before 26 Jan. 1329, she was abducted from Hanley Castle, Worcestershire by Sir William la Zouche Mortimer, 1st Lord of Richard’s Castle, whom she afterwards married without royal license. He died 28 February 1337 and was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire.
    A note of interest on Tewksbury Abbey regarding Eleanor: the 14th century stained-glass windows in the choir include the armor-clad figures of Eleanor’s ancestors, brother, and two husbands and a nude, kneeling Eleanor watching the Last Judgment.

    Eleanor and Hugh le Despenser had 9 children including Edward (see # 10).

    For more on the following persons, see file Skepper 2 # 4:
    10. Edward le Despenser married 1335 Anne de Ferres
    11. Edward le Despenser married 1354 Elizabeth Burghersh
    12. Anne le Despenser married 1376 Hugh de Hastings
    13. Edward Hastings married 1406 Muriel Dinham
    14. John Hastings married 1434 Anne Morley
    15. Elizabeth Hastings married c.1455-60 Robert Hildyard
    16. Peter Hildyard married 1490 Joan/Jane de la See
    17. Isabel Hildyard married 1520 Ralph Legard
    For more on the following persons, see file Skepper 1 # 14:
    18. Joan Legard married 1550/1 Richard Skepper
    19. Edward Skepper married 1592 Mary Robinson
    20. Rev. William Skepper married 1638/9 Sarah Fisher
    21. Sarah Skepper married 1654 Walter Fairfield
    22. Prudence Fairfield married 1699 William Dodge
    23. Prudence Dodge married 1717/18 Josiah Dodge
    24. Josiah Dodge married 1739 Susannah Knowlton
    For more on the following persons, see file More 1 # 31:
    25. Josiah Dodge married 1761 Hannah Conant
    26. Mary Dodge married 1784 Cyrus Warner
    27. Miriam Warner married 1825 Foster Ketcham
    28. Milan Ketcham married 1861 Sarah Harper
    29. Ransom E. Ketcham married 1891 Nancy Jane Campbell
    30. Fay S. Ketcham married 1915 Halleck F. Gray
    31. Ruby J. Gray married 1935 Alton H. Rogers
    32. Alton E. Rogers married 1958 Yoshiko Takenaga
    33. Victoria C. Rogers married 1983 Lester L.T. Letoto

    A. Rogers


    • Married: BET 1150 AND 1153 in DALLING, NORFOLK, ENGLAND
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