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  • ID: I1231
  • Name: John De Gaunt Plantagenet
  • Given Name: John De Gaunt
  • Surname: Plantagenet
  • Suffix: Duke Of Lancaster KG, King Of Castile & Leon / Lo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 28 Mar 1340 in Ghent, Flanders, Belgium 10 11 12 13
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: CP VII p410 (with corr in XIV p421), ES II #85, ES III.1 #157, Paget HRHCharles p194, Paget HRHCharles p195, Paget HRHCharles p22, Paget HRHCharles p84, Paget HRHCharles p87, Paget HRHCharles p88, Paget HRHCharles p90, Weis AR7 #1] 1340 [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #3, Louda RoyalFamEurope #5, Moriarty Plantagenet p2, Thompson CharlesII #532, Weis AR7 #1A] 4th son [Ref: CP I p183] fourth son [Ref: CP IV p204], place: [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p2, Paget HRHCharles p22, Weis AR7 #1] Ghent [Ref: ES II #85], parents: [Ref: CMH p892, CP I p183, ES II #84, Louda RoyalFamEurope #3, Louda RoyalFamEurope #5, Moriarty Plantagenet p2, Paget HRHCharles p194, Paget HRHCharles p22, Paget HRHCharles p78, Thompson CharlesII #532, Watney WALLOP #9, Weis AR7 #1, Weis MC #161], father: [Ref: CMH p902, CP IV p204, Louda RoyalFamEurope #1, Paget HRHCharles p18, Wagner PedigreeProgress #3]
    Sources with Inaccurate Information:
    date: 24 Jun 1340 [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p78, Watney WALLOP #75, Watney WALLOP #9, Weis MC #161]
  • Christening: Duke Of Lancaster; 14 12 13
  • Death: 3 Feb 1399 in Leicester Castle, Eng 1 14 11 12 13
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: CP IV p204, CP VII p415 (with corr in XIV p421), ES II #64, ES II #83, ES II #85, ES III.1 #157, Paget HRHCharles p194, Paget HRHCharles p24, Paget HRHCharles p78, Watney WALLOP #75, Watney WALLOP #9, Weis MC #161] 1399 [Ref: CMH p892, CMH p902, Louda RoyalFamEurope #3, Louda RoyalFamEurope #5, Thompson CharlesII #532, Wagner PedigreeProgress #3] 4 Feb 1399 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p2] Feb 1399 [Ref: Weis AR7 #1], place: [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p24, Weis AR7 #1]
    Sources with Inaccurate Information:
    date: 23 Feb 1398/9 [Ref: CP I p183]
  • Burial: 18 Mar 1399 St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England 15 12 13
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p24]
    16 11 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 15 12 13
  • Event: Alt. Birth Mar 1340 Ghent, Flanders 15 12 13
  • Event: Alt. Death 3 Feb 1399 Leicester Castle, London, Eng 10 12 13
  • Event: Alt. Death 3 Feb 1399 Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England 15 12 13
  • Event: Alt. Christening 24 Jun 1340 St. Bavon Abbey, Ghent, Flanders, Belgium 15 12 13
  • Occupation: King Castile & Leon 10 12 13
  • Event: Owned White Castle/Llantilio Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales 15 12 13
  • Event: No Name
  • Note: Aquitaine.
  • Event: Plantagenet House 1
  • Event: No Name
  • Note: Roche-Sur-Yon.
  • _UID: 52CE0E51FA08BB458E19D873A2151ACA0E11
  • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013 at 20:28
  • Note:


    !English soldier, statesman, fourth son of King Edward III of England. Commanded a division of the English army, led by the Black Prince, that defeated the army of Henry (later Henry II, king of Castile and Leon) at Najera in 1367. Laid claim on the throne of Castile following his second marriage to Constance, daughter of Peter the Cruel (king of Castile and Leon). In 1386 John invaded Castile, but was defeated by John I, king of Castile and Leon. Gave up his claim to Castile and Leon in 1387 when his daughter married Henry, later Henry III, king of Castile and Leon. Along with Alice Perrers, hisfather's mistress, he dominated the English government. In 1376 Parliament banished Alice and curtailed John's powers. His nephew, King Richard II, made him duke of Aquitaine in 1390. In 1396, after the death of his second wife, he married his mistress, Catherine Swynford and legitimized their children the following year. [Funk & Wagnalls]



    !1st Duke of Lancaster, K.G., King of Castile and Leon; 3rd wife (previously his mistress) was Catherine Roet, wid. of Sir Hugh Swynford; father of Lady Joan Beaufort. [Ped. of Charlemagne, p. 29]

    3rd son of Edward I; married Lady Blanche Plantagenet. [The Bruces and the Cumyns, p. 509]

    Plymouth, April 1386 -- The king's uncle, John of Gaunt, the Duke of Lancaster, regarded the most powerful man in England, sailed for Spain with a large army, hoping to win the crown of Castile in his wife Constance's name. His departure was a relief to the king and many other nobles. The duke is suspected of coveting the English crown for himself. He has not rebelled against the king, but his vast possessions in the north and west of England give him an ideal base from which to do so. The duke is a bad soldier and a mediocre administrator. England has been in chaos for many years while he has been the king's chief adviser. Now his rivals will have their turn. [Chronicle, p. 87]

    6th child of Queen Philippa, born in Ghent, Flanders, March 1340. [Chronicle of the Royal Family, p. 75]

    England, Apr 1362 -- John of Gaunt, 4th son of Edward III, who married Blanche of Lancaster in 1359, inherits the title of Duke of Lancaster.
    Castile, 1372 -- John of Gaunt, who in 1371 married Constance, dau. of the former king of Castile, assumed the title of king. [Chronicle of the Royal Family, p. 80]

    Father by Katharine Roet Swynford of Joan Beaufort. [Magna Charta Sureties, p. 55]

    Duke of Lancaster; son of Edward III, king of England, and Philippa of Hainault; m. Catherine Roet and had Joan Beaufort, John Beaufort. [Royal Descents, p. 107, 178, 184, 189]

    Bordeaux, Sept 1371 - As the 4th son of Edward III, John of Gaunt could not expect to succeed to the English crown, but he has long hankered after the throne of Castile. His chance came when Constance, the 17-year-old dau. of England's ally Pedro the Cruel, sought refuge in Aquitaine after her father was stabbed to death by his half-brother, Henry, 2 years ago. Constance longed to return to Castile as the rightful queen, and the ambitious Gaunt saw that as her husband he could be crowned with her in the cathedral of Burgos. He assumed the title of "King of Castile and Leon" on their marriage. Privately, the English are scandalized by Gaunt's continuing relationship with Katherine Swynford, the governess of the children by his 1st marriage. He rides through the streets with the woman, his hand affectionately resting on her horse's bridle and touching her, even in the presence of Constance. John it seems married Constance for political reasons as his heart belongs to Katherine. [Chronicle of the Royal Family, p. 82]

    Children include Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Lancaster; the queens of Spain and Portugal; the Beauforts, children of his mistress, Katherine Swynford, who were legitimised when he married her after his second wife died. He played a major role in the wars with France, although he was eclipsed by his elder brother, the Prince of Wales, and conducted campaigns in Scotland and Spain. He was out of England during the Peasants' Revolt, of which he was a prime target. He was also absent in the crisis over the "Lords Appellant", when his links to both sides could have defused the tension. He was always loyal to Richard II, though often suspected of coveting the throne. [Chronicle, p. 91]

    The most powerful man in the kingdom following his brother Richard I's death. He was the owner of vast estates, among them the lordships of Cydweli and Monmouth, while the lordships of Brecon was held by his son, Henry Bolingbroke, the husband of the co-heiress of the Bohun Family. [A History of Wales, p. 195]

    Duke of Lancaster and Aquitaine, K.G., titular King of Castile and Leon; father of Lady Joan Beaufort. [Burke's]

    Dunstanburgh Castle, with its stern twin-towered gatehouse-keep is just north of Craster, belonged to John of Gaunt. This is one of the largest Border castles, built in 1316 by Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and enlarged later by John of Gaunt. The view from the ramparts is like an enticing map, showing the coast stretching for miles. And from below, the Castle dominates the site, on top of a dramatic curtain of cliff high above the sea. [In Britain, Nov. 1995, p. 48]

    Kidwelly Castle was settled on Blanche, the wife of John of Gaunt, who later became duke of Lancaster, and on the accession of their son, Henry, in 1399 as the first Lancastrian king of England (Henry IV) Kidwelly passed into the hands of the Crown. [Kidwelly Castle, p. 5]

    John of Gaunt remodelled the buildings of Kenilworth into a palace, erecting a splendid hall and private apartments overlooking the lake. John of Gaunt (Ghent) and his wife spent much of their time at Kenilworth, rebuilding the Inner Court in a palatial scale, particularly between 1389-94, with Richard Skyllyngton as the chief mason and William Wintringham as the master carpenter. [Kenilworth Castle, p. 3, 27]

    King Edward granted Peveril Castle and honour to John in exchange for the earldom of Richmond. This brought Peveril into the great estate of the Duchy of Lancaster, which John had inherited by his earlier marriage to Blanche, heiress to the previous Duke. In 1399 John of Gaunt died, and the same year his son Henry of Bolingbroke became king as Henry IV. The Duchy thereby became amalgamated with the Crown estate. [Peveril Castle, p. 22]

    In 1342 Edward III made his second son, John of Gaunt, Earl of Richmond, and though the earldom was restored in 1372 to John, Duke of Brittany, it was forfeited nine years later when Duke John declared his allegiance to the King of France. [Richmond Castle, p. 14]

    Son of King Edward III of England and Philappa of Hainault; m. Blanche, Duchess of Lancaster and was father of Henry IV, King of England; m. Constance, Princess of Castile & Leon; m. Catherine Roet and was father of Joan, John and Henry. [GRS 3.03, Automated Archives, CD#100]

    Son of Edward III, king of England, and Phillippa of Hainault. [WFT Vol 1 Ped 1737]

    Duke of Lancaster by right of his marriage to his distant cousin Blanche, the heiress of the House of Lancaster, which had been founded by Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster, second son of Henry III, in the 13th century. The duchy of Lancaster was a palatinate, which meant that it was virtually an independent state in which the king's writ counted for very little.
    Gaunt, a tall, lean man of military bearing, was a fabulously wealthy prince. Proud and ambitious, he maintained an impressive establishment organised along the lines of the royal household and staffed by a retinue of 500 persons. He owned vast estates, scattered throughout England and France, 30 castles and numerous manors, and could summon a formidable army of tenants at will. Gaunt's favorite residences were his London palace of the Savoy, which rivalled Westminster in magnificence but was burned down in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, and Kenilworth Castle in Warwickshire, a place much beloved by his Lancastrian descendants. He was a cultivated man who loved books, patronised Chaucer, and enjoyed jousting. Dignified, reserved in manner and guarded in conversation, he was also peaceable, rarely exacting revenge for wrongs done to him and looking after his tenants. He was merciful to the humble and compassionate to villeins, or bondsmen, who wanted their freedom and even to lepers, the outcasts of mediaeval society. When dealing with rebellious peasants after the revolt, he acted with fairness. By the 1370s he had become very unpopular with the people of England. Edward III was sick and enfeebled, given over to the wiles of his rapacious mistress, Alice Perrers; the Black Prince was wasting away with a crippling disease. England's victories in the Hundred Years War were long past, while her government, lacking cohesive leadership, blundered from one crisis to another. Gaunt, as the senior active member of the royal house, was blamed for its failings and the loss of some of England's conquests in France. His wealth and influence were also resented, and after the Black Prince died there were rumors that he meant to seize the throne for himself. Other rumours had it that Gaunt was a Flemish changeling, smuggled into his mother's bedchamber to replace a stillborn daughter. None of the rumors was true, but when his nephew Richard II succeeded, Gaunt made a great show of loyalty and avoided being identified with any opposition to the minority government.
    Geoffrey Chaucer, whose sister-in-law became Gaunt's 3rd wife, called his patron "treatable, right wonder skilful, and reasonable". [Wars of the Roses, p. 25-6]

    Following the exile of his son Bolingbroke, Gaunt and Richard II were now virtually estranged. Saddened, Gaunt fell ill. He died in 1399 at Leicester Castle and was buried beside Blanche of Lancaster in St. Paul's Cathedral. Gaunt had loved Katherine Swynford to the end, referring to her in his will as 'my very dear companion'. She survived him by 4 years and was bur. in Lincoln Cathedral. [Wars of the Roses, p. 35]

    Son of Edward III and Philippa; m. Constance, Blanche, and Catherine Roet; father of:
    1. Joan Beaufort who m. Ralph Neville and Robert Ferrers
    2. John Beaufort who m. Margaret Holand.
    [WFT vol 7 Ped 3931]

    In 1380 John of Gaunt removed the barbican at Dunstanburgh Castle and made a new entrance to the north. The great towers were three storeys high. On the second floor was the Great Hall, a fine room with two large mullioned windows. [Northumbrian Castles: The Coast, p. 22]

    The townhall of Hungerford, Berkshire has a horn which is said to have been presented by John of Gaunt. He granted fishing rights in the Kennet to the town, which is still a popular angling resort. In his memory, a red rose is presented to any sovereign passing through the town. [The Hungerford Family in England from the 12th Century<http://www.escape.ca/~nthomas/history.htm]

    Geoffrey Chaucer's first major work was for his good patron John of Gaunt, the DEATH OF BLANCHE THE DUCHESS. [Who's Who in Medieval History, p. 57]

    In 1374 John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, granted the chaplain of Pickering Castle Chapel the revenues of the Hospital of St Nicholas outside the castle on condition that he maintained its fabric. [Pickering Castle, p. 9]

    On Henry, Duke of Lancaster's, death in 1351, Pickering Castle passed to his son-in-law John of Gaunt. John of Gaunt was created Duke of Lancaster in 1362 when the death of his sister-in-law Maud brought him the entire Lancastrian inheritance. He sometimes visited Pickering and ordered repairs to be carried out, although his major expenditure was on Kenilworth Castle. He died in February 1399. [Pickering Castle, p. 29]

    Holinshed sketched Gaunt as an unexceptional royal figure possessing power, ambition, and few scruples. Shakespeare depicted him as the grand olf man of his era, full of years, wisdom, and selfless patriotism. Gaunt's deathbed speech -- "This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle...this blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England..."-- is one of the most quoted Shakespearean passages. ["Shakespeare's Histories, p. 53]

    Please be sure to verify data for yourself. This is a compiled collection of data; and may contain errors. Use this site as a reference/guide only. Check facts for yourself. -- CAA
    From list of richest people in the world during the past 1000 years -16. John of Gaunt (son of Edward III, 1330-1399) £110 billion - adjusted to 2012.


    John of Gaunt - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: "John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, was the fourth son of King Edward III of England and is so called because he was born at Ghent in 1340. He became Duke of Lancaster by his first marriage to his cousin, Blanche (1359).

    After Blanche's death in 1369, John married Constance of Castile, daughter of King Pedro the Cruel, thus giving him a claim on the kingdom of Castile, which he would pursue unsuccessfully. After the death of his elder brother, Edward, the Black Prince, John of Gaunt became increasingly powerful. He was able to protect the religious reformer, John Wyclif, with whose aims he sympathised. When his father died and was succeeded by the youthful Richard II of England, Gaunt's position was strengthened still further, but some unwise decisions and actions caused Richard, and some of the common people, to distrust him, which is why his Savoy Palace was destroyed by rioters during the Peasants' Revolt of 1381. In 1386, he was dispatched by Richard to the Continent as an ambassador. In the meantime, he had fathered four children by a mistress, Katherine Swynford (whose sister married the poet, Geoffrey Chaucer). Years after his wife died, he married Katherine, and their children, the Beauforts, were legitimised but barred from inheriting the throne. From the eldest son, John, came a granddaughter, Margaret Beaufort, whose son, later King Henry VII of England, would nevertheless claim the throne.

    John of Gaunt's legitimate son from his first marriage, Henry Bolingbroke, was less of a diplomat than his father, and was banished from the kingdom by Richard II in 1398. When John of Gaunt died in 1399, his estates were declared forfeit to the crown. This caused Bolingbroke to return, and he deposed the unpopular Richard to reign as King Henry IV of England."

    John of Gaunt, Earl of Richmond, 4th son of King Edward III, was b. 1340, styled of Gaunt from the place of his birth, who had been created Earl of Richmond in 1342, was advanced to the Dukedom of Lancaster by his father, Edward III, in the 36th year of his reign. After the decease of his 1st wife, Blanch, the great heiress of the Duke of Lancaster, he m. Constance, elder dau. and co-heiress of Peter, King of Castile, and in her right assumed the title of King of Castile and Leon, in which regal dignity, as well as in those of Duke of Lancaster, Earl of Richmond, Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester, he had summons to parliament; he was likewise Duke of Aquitaine and a knight of the Garter. On the decease of Edward III, this prince was joined in the administration of affairs during the minority of his nephew, Richard II. He subsequently attempted the conquest of Spain at the head of a fine army, and landing at the Groyne, advanced to Compostella, where he was met by John, King of Portugal, between whom and his eldest dau., the Lady Philippa, a marriage was concluded. Thence he marched into Castile and there ratified a treaty of peace, by which he abandoned his claim to the throne of Castile and Leon in consideration of a large sum of money and the marriage of Henry, Prince of Asturias, with his only dau. by his 2nd wife, the Lady Katherine Plantagenet. In the latter part of his life he dwelt in retirement, having incurred the displeasure of King Richard by a motion which he had made in parliament that his son, Henry of Bolingbroke, should be declared heir to the crown. He d. at Ely House, Holborn, in 1399.

    John of Gaunt m. 1st, in 1359, Lady Blanche Plantagenet, the eventual heiress of the Duke of Lancaster, and had by her, Henry, Philippa, and Elizabeth. He m. 2ndly, Constance, elder dau. and co-heir of Peter, King of Castile, and by her had an only dau., Katherine. The duke m. 3rdly, in 1396, Catherine, dau. of Sir Payn Roet, Guyenne King of Arms, and widow of Sir Otho de Swynford, Knt., by whom, before marriage, he had issue, John, Henry, Thomas, and Joan. These [last] children were legitimated by act of parliament for all purposes, save succession to the throne, in the 20th Richard II and derived their surname from the castle of Beaufort, the place of their birth. John of Gaunt, was s. by his eldest son, Henry Plantagenet, b. 1366, surnamed of Bolingbroke, Earl of Hereford, who, upon the deposition of Richard II, was called to the throne as King Henry IV, when his great inheritance, with the Dukedom of Lancaster, and the Earldoms of Hereford, Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester, merged in the crown. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 432, Plantagenet, Earls of Chester, &c.]

    John OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, also called (1342-62) EARL OF RICHMOND, or (from 1390) DUC (duke) D'AQUITAINE (b. March 1340, Ghent--d. Feb. 3, 1399, London), English prince, fourth but third surviving son of the English king Edward III and Philippa of Hainaut; he exercised a moderating influence in the political and constitutional struggles of the reign of his nephew Richard II. He was the immediate ancestor of the three 15th-century Lancastrian monarchs, Henry IV, V, and VI. The term Gaunt, a corruption of the name of his birthplace, Ghent, was never employed after he was three years old; it became the popularly accepted form of his name through its use in Shakespeare's play Richard II.

    Through his first wife, Blanche (d. 1369), John, in 1362, acquired the duchy of Lancaster and the vast Lancastrian estates in England and Wales. From 1367 to 1374 he served as a commander in the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) against France. On his return he obtained the chief influence with his father, but he had serious opponents among a group of powerful prelates who aspired to hold state offices. He countered their hostility by forming a curious alliance with the religious reformer John Wycliffe. Despite John's extreme unpopularity, he maintained his position after the accession of his ten-year-old nephew, Richard II, in 1377, and from 1381 to 1386 he mediated between the King's party and the opposition group led by John's younger brother, Thomas of Woodstock, earl of Gloucester.

    In 1386 John departed for Spain to pursue his claim to the kingship of Castile and Leon based upon his marriage to Constance of Castile in 1371. The expedition was a military failure. John renounced his claim in 1388, but he married his daughter, Catherine, to the young nobleman who eventually became King Henry III of Castile and Leon.

    Meanwhile, in England, war had nearly broken out between the followers of King Richard II and the followers of Gloucester. John returned in 1389 and resumed his role as peacemaker.

    His wife Constance died in 1394, and two years later he married his mistress, Catherine Swynford. In 1397 he obtained legitimization of the four children born to her before their marriage. This family, the Beauforts, played an important part in 15th-century politics. When John died in 1399, Richard II confiscated the Lancastrian estates, thereby preventing them from passing to John's son, Henry Bolingbroke. Henry then deposed Richard and in September 1399 ascended the throne as King Henry IV. [Encyclopędia Britannica CD '97]

    John of Gaunt, Earl of Richmond, 4th son of King Edward III, was b. 1340, styled of Gaunt from the place of his birth, who had been created Earl of Richmond in 1342, was advanced to the Dukedom of Lancaster by his father, Edward III, in the 36th year of his reign. After the decease of his 1st wife, Blanch, the great heiress of the Duke of Lancaster, he m. Constance, elder dau. and co-heiress of Peter, King of Castile, and in her right assumed the title of King of Castile and Leon, in which regal dignity, as well as in those of Duke of Lancaster, Earl of Richmond, Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester, he had summons to parliament; he was likewise Duke of Aquitaine and a knight of the Garter. On the decease of Edward III, this prince was joined in the administration of affairs during the minority of his nephew, Richard II. He subsequently attempted the conquest of Spain at the head of a fine army, and landing at the Groyne, advanced to Compostella, where he was met by John, King of Portugal, between whom and his eldest dau., the Lady Philippa, a marriage was concluded. Thence he marched into Castile and there ratified a treaty of peace, by which he abandoned his claim to the throne of Castile and Leon in consideration of a large sum of money and the marriage of Henry, Prince of Asturias, with his only dau. by his 2nd wife, the Lady Katherine Plantagenet. In the latter part of his life he dwelt in retirement, having incurred the displeasure of King Richard by a motion which he had made in parliament that his son, Henry of Bolingbroke, should be declared heir to the crown. He d. at Ely House, Holborn, in 1399.

    John of Gaunt m. 1st, in 1359, Lady Blanche Plantagenet, the eventual heiress of the Duke of Lancaster, and had by her, Henry, Philippa, and Elizabeth. He m. 2ndly, Constance, elder dau. and co-heir of Peter, King of Castile, and by her had an only dau., Katherine. The duke m. 3rdly, in 1396, Catherine, dau. of Sir Payn Roet, Guyenne King of Arms, and widow of Sir Otho de Swynford, Knt., by whom, before marriage, he had issue, John, Henry, Thomas, and Joan. These [last] children were legitimated by act of parliament for all purposes, save succession to the throne, in the 20th Richard II and derived their surname from the castle of Beaufort, the place of their birth. John of Gaunt, was s. by his eldest son, Henry Plantagenet, b. 1366, surnamed of Bolingbroke, Earl of Hereford, who, upon the deposition of Richard II, was called to the throne as King Henry IV, when his great inheritance, with the Dukedom of Lancaster, and the Earldoms of Hereford, Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester, merged in the crown. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 432, Plantagenet, Earls of Chester, &c.]

    "OF GAUNT"; KING OF CASTILE & LEON; KG; CREATED 10TH EARL OF RICHMOND 9/20/1342 (LATER SURRENDERED WHEN CREATED DUKE OF LANCASTER 11/13/1362)
    1st Duke of Lancaster, of Dukedom cr 1362 [Ref: CP VII p410] Duke of Lancaster j.u. [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p18] Duke of Lancaster

    styled Earl of Derby, in right of wife [Ref: CP IV p204]

    Sep 20 1342: cr Earl of Richmond [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22]

    Nov 13 1362: in consequence of his first marriage, created Duke of Lancaster [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22]

    in right of second wife, assumed the title of King of Castile and Leon [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22]

    Mar 2 1390: created Duke of Aquitaine [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22]

    Mar 2 1389/90: having resigned the style of "King of Castille and Leon", was cr in Parl Duke of Aquitaine "for his whole life" [Ref: CP I p183]

    Jul 23 1392: summoned to Parl as Duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster [Ref: CP I p183]
    RESEARCH NOTES:
    1st Duke of Lancaster, of Dukedom cr 1362 [Ref: CP VII p410] Duke of Lancaster j.u. [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p18] Duke of Lancaster [Ref: CP II p62, CP II p389, CP II p427, Paget HRHCharles p78, Paget HRHCharles p194, CP IV p204, CP IV p416, Thompson CharlesII #532] 1st Duke of Aquitaine, of Dukedom cr 1390 [Ref: CP I p183] 5th Earl of Leicester, of Earldom cr 1265 [Ref: CP VII p548] 5th Earl of Lancaster, of Earldom cr 1267 [Ref: CP VII p410] Earl of Lancaster [Ref: CP IV p204] 2nd Earl of Lincoln, of Earldom cr 1349 [Ref: CP VII p688] 1st Earl of Richmond, of Earldom cr 1342 [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22] Earl of Richmond [Ref: CP IV p204]

    styled Earl of Derby, in right of wife [Ref: CP IV p204]

    Sep 20 1342: cr Earl of Richmond [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22]

    Nov 13 1362: in consequence of his first marriage, created Duke of Lancaster [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22]

    in right of second wife, assumed the title of King of Castile and Leon [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22]

    Mar 2 1390: created Duke of Aquitaine [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22]

    Mar 2 1389/90: having resigned the style of "King of Castille and Leon", was cr in Parl Duke of Aquitaine "for his whole life" [Ref: CP I p183]

    Jul 23 1392: summoned to Parl as Duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster [Ref: CP I p183]
    John of Gaunt, Earl of Richmond, 4th son of King Edward III, was b. 1340, styled of Gaunt from the place of his birth, who had been created Earl of Richmond in 1342, was advanced to the Dukedom of Lancaster by his father, Edward III, in the 36th year of his reign.

    After the decease of his 1st wife, Blanch, the great heiress of the Duke of Lancaster, he m. Constance, elder dau. and co-heiress of Peter, King of Castile, and in her right assumed the title of King of Castile and Leon, in which regal dignity, as well as in those of Duke of Lancaster, Earl of Richmond, Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester, he had summons to parliament; he was likewise Duke of Aquitaine and a knight of the Garter. On the decease of Edward III, this prince was joined in the administration of affairs during the minority of his nephew, Richard II.

    He subsequently attempted the conquest of Spain at the head of a fine army, and landing at the Groyne, advanced to Compostella, where he was met by John, King of Portugal, between whom and his eldest dau., the Lady Philippa, a marriage was concluded. Thence he marched into Castile and there ratified a treaty of peace, by which he abandoned his claim to the throne of Castile and Leon in consideration of a large sum of money and the marriage of Henry, Prince of Asturias, with his only dau. by his 2nd wife, the Lady Katherine Plantagenet. In the latter part of his life he dwelt in retirement, having incurred the displeasure of King Richard by a motion which he had made in parliament that his son, Henry of Bolingbroke, should be declared heir to the crown. He d. at Ely House, Holborn, in 1399.

    Note: John of Gaunt m. 1st, in 1359, Lady Blanche Plantagenet, the eventual heiress of the Duke of Lancaster, and had by her, Henry, Philippa, and Elizabeth.

    He m. 2ndly, Constance, elder dau. and co-heir of Peter, King of Castile, and by her had an only dau., Katherine. The duke m. 3rdly, in 1396, Catherine, dau. of Sir Payn Roet, Guyenne King of Arms, and widow of Sir Otho de Swynford, Knt., by whom, before marriage, he had issue, John, Henry, Thomas, and Joan.

    These [last] children were legitimated by act of parliament for all purposes, save succession to the throne, in the 20th Richard II and derived their surname from the castle of Beaufort, the place of their birth. John of Gaunt, was s. by his eldest son, Henry Plantagenet, b. 1366, surnamed of Bolingbroke, Earl of Hereford, who, upon the deposition of Richard II, was called to the throne as King Henry IV, when his great inheritance, with the Dukedom of Lancaster, and the Earldoms of Hereford, Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester, merged in the crown.

    [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 432, Plantagenet, Earls of Chester, &c.]

    John OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, also called (1342-62) EARL OF RICHMOND, or (from 1390) DUC (duke) D'AQUITAINE (b. March 1340, Ghent--d. Feb. 3, 1399, London), English prince, fourth but third surviving son of the English king Edward III and Philippa of Hainaut; he exercised a moderating influence in the political and constitutional struggles of the reign of his nephew Richard II. He was the immediate ancestor of the three 15th-century Lancastrian monarchs, Henry IV, V, and VI. The term Gaunt, a corruption of the name of his birthplace, Ghent, was never employed after he was three years old; it became the popularly accepted form of his name through its use in Shakespeare's play Richard II.

    Through his first wife, Blanche (d. 1369), John, in 1362, acquired the duchy of Lancaster and the vast Lancastrian estates in England and Wales. From 1367 to 1374 he served as a commander in the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) against France. On his return he obtained the chief influence with his father, but he had serious opponents among a group of powerful prelates who aspired to hold state offices. He countered their hostility by forming a curious alliance with the religious reformer John Wycliffe. Despite John's extreme unpopularity, he maintained his position after the accession of his ten-year-old nephew, Richard II, in 1377, and from 1381 to 1386 he mediated between the King's party and the opposition group led by John's younger brother, Thomas of Woodstock, earl of Gloucester.

    In 1386 John departed for Spain to pursue his claim to the kingship of Castile and Leon based upon his marriage to Constance of Castile in 1371. The expedition was a military failure. John renounced his claim in 1388, but he married his daughter, Catherine, to the young nobleman who eventually became King Henry III of Castile and Leon.

    Meanwhile, in England, war had nearly broken out between the followers of King Richard II and the followers of Gloucester. John returned in 1389 and resumed his role as peacemaker.

    His wife Constance died in 1394, and two years later he married his mistress, Catherine Swynford. In 1397 he obtained legitimization of the four children born to her before their marriage. This family, the Beauforts, played an important part in 15th-century politics. When John died in 1399, Richard II confiscated the Lancastrian estates, thereby preventing them from passing to John's son, Henry Bolingbroke. Henry then deposed Richard and in September 1399 ascended the throne as King Henry IV. [Encyclopędia Britannica CD '97]

    Source:

    Holly Tamer of Rootsweb.com
    Updated November 2007




    Father: Edward Plantagenet b: 13 Nov 1312 in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England c: 20 Nov 1312 in King Of England 1327-1377;
    Mother: Phillippa Avesnes b: 24 Jun 1311 in Valenciennes, Mons, Hainaut, Belgium c: in Valenciennes, France

    Marriage 1 Blanche Plantagenet b: 25 Mar 1345 in Lindsey, Lincolnshire, England
    • Married: 1359 in Reading, Berkshire, England 35 10 12 13
    • Event: Alt. Marriage 19 May 1359 15 12 13
    • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children Henry IV Plantaganet b: 30 May 1366 in Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England c: 30 May 1367
    2. Has No Children Henry Of Gaunt b: Abt 1360 in , , England
    3. Has No Children Edward Plantagenet (Prince) England b: 1365 in Leicester, Leicestershire, England
    4. Has Children Philippa Of Lancaster Plantagenet b: 31 Mar 1360 in Leicester Castle, England
    5. Has No Children Philippa John Of Gaunt b: Abt 1362 in , , England
    6. Has No Children John Plantagenet b: 1364 in Leicester, Leicestershire, England
    7. Has No Children Isabel Of Gaunt Lancaster b: Abt 1368 in England
    8. Has Children Elizabeth Plantagenet b: Bef 21 Feb 1362 in Leicester, Leicestershire, England
    9. Has Children Thomas

    Marriage 2 Constance Or Costanza Of Castile b: 1354 in Castile, Spain
    • Married: 21 Sep 1371 in Roquefort, Landes, Aquitaine, France 36 15 35 12 13
    • Note:
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
    • Change Date: 11 Dec 2012
    Children
    1. Has Children Catherine Plantagenet b: Abt 6 Jun 1372 in Hertford, Hertfordshire, England
    2. Has No Children John Plantagenet b: 1374 in England
    3. Has No Children Philippa

    Marriage 3 Catherine Sywnford De Roet b: 25 Nov 1340 in Picardy, Hainault, France
    • Married: 13 Jan 1397 in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England 35 10 15 11 12 13
    • Note:
      Line in Record @F38610@ (MRIN 7037) from GEDCOM file not recognized:
      _STAT MARRIED
    • Event: see text --> Des Exc
    • Note:
      Descendents of Payne of Guienne ROET

      1 Payne of Guienne ROET
      =(Unknown)
      2 Catherine Swynford ROET
      =John of Gaunt Married : 13 Jan 1395/96, Lincoln
      3 Joan Beaufort
      =Ralph of Westmoreland 1st
      4 Richard NEVILLE
      =Alice MONTAGU Married : ABT 1425
      5 Alice NEVILLE
      =Henry FITZHUGH
      6 Elizabeth FITZHUGH
      =Nicholas VAUX
      7 Katherine VAUX
      =George THROCKMORTON
      8 Elizabeth THROCKMORTON
      =John GIFFARD
      9 Anne GIFFARD
      =Thomas GODDARD
      10 Richard GODDARD
      =Elizabeth WALROND Married : Upper Upham & Swindon, Wiltshire, England


      source:
      http://www.bee.qut.edu.au/people/goddard/young/2/people/p000000s.htm#I283

      added:
      13dec2005
      12 13
    • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children John Beaufort b: 29 Jan 1374 in Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, Pays DE La Loire, France c: in Near Pottersgate, Lincolnshire, England
    2. Has Children Henry De Beaufort, Bishop Of Winchester b: Abt 1376 in Beaufort Castle, Anjou, France c: in Chateau Beaufort, Meurthe-Et-Mosel, Anjou, France
    3. Has Children Thomas Beaufort b: 1387 in Chateau DE Beaufort, Meurthe-Et-Moselle, France
    4. Has Children Joan De Gaunt Plantagenet b: 1375 in Beaufort Castle, Beaufort, Anjou, France

    Marriage 4 Marie De St. Hilaire b: Abt 1350 in England
    • Married: in Not Married 15 12 13
    • Change Date: 30 Apr 2012
    Children
    1. Has No Children Blanche Swynford b: Abt 1365 in England

    Marriage 5 Marie St. Hilary b: Abt 1345
    • Married:
    • Change Date: 3 Dec 2012

    Marriage 6 Constance b: Abt 1350 in , , England
    • Married: Abt 1370 in , , England
    • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Online Resource
      Title: Online Resource
      Note:
      Online Resource.
      Page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_Gaunt,_1st_Duke_of_Lancaster
      Quality: 3
    2. Abbrev: Royal Descents of Famous People
      Title: Royal Descents of Famous People
      Author: Mark Humphrys
      Publication: Name: copyright 1995, 1996;
      Note:
      Mark Humphrys, Royal Descents of Famous People (copyright 1995, 1996), Source Quality: Based on Burke's Peerage of American Presidents, Burke's Dormant & Extinct Peerage: Ferrers, Neville, Clifford) & Burke's Peerage 1970. See notes section for Edward III.
      below average to average
      ABBR Royal Descents of Famous People
      .
      Repository:
        Name: NAME Not Given (See Notes) ADDR Not Given (See Notes) NOTE WWW
    3. Abbrev: Jane Austen: Her Life & Letters: A Family Record
      Title: Jane Austen: Her Life & Letters: A Family Record
      Author: W. & R.A. Austen-Leigh
      Publication: Name: 1913, rev. by Deirdre le Faye as "Jane Austen: A Family Record" 1989;
      Note:
      W. & R.A. Austen-Leigh, Jane Austen: Her Life & Letters: A Family Record (1913, rev. by Deirdre le Faye as "Jane Austen: A Family Record" 1989), Source Quality: Sources: Jane Austen's Family thru 5 generations, Maggie Lane 1984; Jane Austen & the Peerage D.J. Greene, Modern Language Ass'n, 1953; A Partial Pedigree of Jane Austen, Donald Greene, 1984
      ABBR Jane Austen: Her Life & Letters: A Family Record
      .
      Repository:
        Name: NAME Not Given ADDR Not Given
    4. Abbrev: visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter of Maurice Lord Berkeley
      Title: visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter of Maurice Lord Berkeley
      Author: harlien
      Note:
      harlien, visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter of Maurice Lord Berkeley, ABBR visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter of Maurice Lord BerkeleyDATE 2000
      .
    5. Abbrev: visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter o f Maurice Lord Berkeley
      Title: visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter o f Maurice Lord Berkeley
      Author: harlien
      Note:
      harlien, visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter o f Maurice Lord Berkeley, ABBR visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter o f Maurice Lord BerkeleyDATE 2000
      .
    6. Abbrev: Wars of the Roses
      Title: Wars of the Roses
      Author: Desmond Seward
      Publication: Name: Penguin Books, New York 1995;
      Note:
      Desmond Seward, Wars of the Roses (Penguin Books, New York 1995), Source Quality: The House of York genealogy table, Houses of Lancaster, Beaufort & Tudor Genealogy Table. d of Richard E of Warwick, no mother
      ABBR Wars of the Roses
      .
      Repository:
        Name: NAME Not Given ADDR Not Given

      Page: Houses of Lancaster, Beaufort & Tudor Genealogy Table
      Quality: 3
      Text: QUAY 3
    7. Abbrev: Royal Descents of Famous People
      Title: Royal Descents of Famous People
      Author: Mark Humphrys
      Publication: Name: copyright 1995, 1996;
      Note:
      Mark Humphrys, Royal Descents of Famous People (copyright 1995, 1996), Source Quality: Based on Burke's Peerage of American Presidents, Burke's Dormant &ExtinctPeerage: Ferrers, Neville, Clifford) & Burke's Peerage 1970. Seenotessection for Edward III.
      below average to average
      ABBR Royal Descents of Famous People
      .
      Repository:
        Name: NAME Not Given (See Notes) ADDR Not Given (See Notes)
    8. Abbrev: Jane Austen: Her Life & Letters: A Family Record
      Title: Jane Austen: Her Life & Letters: A Family Record
      Author: W. & R.A. Austen-Leigh
      Publication: Name: 1913, rev. by Deirdre le Faye as "Jane Austen: A Family Record" 1989;
      Note:
      W. & R.A. Austen-Leigh, Jane Austen: Her Life & Letters: A Family Record (1913, rev. by Deirdre le Faye as "Jane Austen: A Family Record" 1989), Source Quality: Sources: Jane Austen's Family thru 5 generations, Maggie Lane 1984;JaneAusten & the Peerage D.J. Greene, Modern Language Ass'n, 1953; APartialPedigree of Jane Austen, Donald Greene, 1984
      ABBR Jane Austen: Her Life & Letters: A Family Record
      .
      Repository:
        Name: NAME Not Given ADDR Not Given
    9. Abbrev: Public Member Trees
      Title: Public Member Trees
      Author: Ancestry.com
      Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.Original data: Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.;
      Note:
      Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.Original data: Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.), This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created.
      .
      Page: Ancestry Family Trees
      Quality: 3
      Text: h t t p : / / trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=4013448&pid=-472964233
    10. Abbrev: v14t1829bryan.FTW
      Title: v14t1829bryan.FTW
    11. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 14 Dec 2005
      Title: GEDCOM file. Created on 14 Jan 1999. Imported on 14 Dec 2005.
    12. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 12 Jan 2008
      Title: GEDCOM file. Created on Jan 12, 2008. Imported on 12 Jan 2008.
    13. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 23 Sep 2009
      Title: GEDCOM file submitted by Cathy Ann Abernathy, Rootsweb.com / weavercat@gmail.com. Created on 17 AUG 2009. Imported on 23 Sep 2009.
    14. Abbrev: tuttle-royal.FTW
      Title: tuttle-royal.FTW
    15. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 8 Aug 2004
      Title: GEDCOM file. Created on 29 Dec 2003. Imported on 8 Aug 2004.
    16. Abbrev: Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia
      Title: Bram, Leon L. V.P. and Ed. Dir.; Dickey, Norma H. Editor-in-Chief, <i>Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia</i> (Funk & Wagnalls, Inc., 1986)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC
    17. Abbrev: The Bruces and the Comyns
      Title: <i>The Bruces and the Comyns</i>
      Page: p. 509
      Quality: 3
    18. Abbrev: Chronicle of the Royal Family
      Title: Mercer, Derrik, ed., <i>Chronicle of the Royal Family</i> (Jacques Legrand, London, 1991)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 75, 80, 82, 87, 91
      Quality: 3
    19. Abbrev: The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, Fourth Edition
      Title: Weis, Frederick Lewis, Th.D., <i>The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, Fourth Edition</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1991)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 55
      Quality: 3
    20. Abbrev: The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants to the Americ
      Title: Roberts, Gary Boyd, <i>The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1993)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 107, 178, 184, 189
      Quality: 3
    21. Abbrev: A History of Wales
      Title: Davies, John, <i>A History of Wales</i> (Allen Lane, The Penguin Press, London, 1993)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 195
      Quality: 3
    22. Abbrev: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who
      Title: Weis, Frederick Lewis, <i>Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, Seventh Edition</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1995)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 3
      Quality: 3
    23. Abbrev: Kidwelly Castle
      Title: Kenyon, John R., <i>Kidwelly Castle</i> (Cadw Welsh Historic Monuments, Great Britain, 1990)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 5
      Quality: 3
    24. Abbrev: Kenilworth Castle
      Title: Renn, Derek, <i>Kenilworth Castle</i> (English Heritage, London, 1991)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 3, 27
      Quality: 3
    25. Abbrev: Peveril Castle
      Title: Morley, Beric, <i>Peveril Castle</i> (English Heritage, London1993)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 22
      Quality: 3
    26. Abbrev: Richmond Castle and Easby Abbey
      Title: Weaver, John, <i>Richmond Castle and Easby Abbey</i> (English Heritage, London, 1989)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 14
      Quality: 3
    27. Abbrev: Automated Archives, Automated Family Pedigrees #1,
      Title: Automated Archives, Inc., Automated Archives, Automated Family Pedigrees #1, CD#100 (Genealogical Research System, 1994)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC
    28. Abbrev: World Family Tree Volume 1, pre-1600 to present
      Title: Family Tree Maker, <i>World Family Tree Volume 1, pre-1600 to present</i> (Broderbund Software, Inc., 1995)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: Ped 1737
      Quality: 3
    29. Abbrev: The Wars of the Roses
      Title: Ross, Charles, <i>The Wars of the Roses</i> (Thames and Hudson, New York, 1996)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 25-26, 35
      Quality: 3
    30. Abbrev: World Family Tree Volume 7, pre-1600 to present
      Title: Family Tree Maker, <i>World Family Tree Volume 7, pre-1600 to present</i> (Broderbund Software, Inc., 1996)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: Ped 3931
      Quality: 3
    31. Abbrev: Northumbrian Castles: The Coast
      Title: Graham, Frank, <i>Northumbrian Castles: The Coast</i> (Butler Publishing, Thropton, Rothbury, England, 1987)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 22
      Quality: 3
    32. Abbrev: Who's Who in the Middle Ages
      Title: Fines, John, <i>Who's Who in the Middle Ages</i> (Barnes and Noble Books, New York, 1995)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 57
      Quality: 3
    33. Abbrev: Pickering Castle
      Title: Butler, Lawrence, <i>Pickering Castle</i> (English Heritage, London, 1997)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 9, 29
      Quality: 3
    34. Abbrev: "Shakespeare's Histories"
      Title: Bailey, Katherine, "Shakespeare's Histories" (BRITISH HERITAGE, Aug/Sep 2001, pp. 52-56)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 55
      Quality: 3
    35. Abbrev: Wars of the Roses
      Title: Wars of the Roses
      Author: Desmond Seward
      Publication: Name: Penguin Books, New York 1995;
      Note:
      Desmond Seward, Wars of the Roses (Penguin Books, New York 1995), Source Quality: The House of York genealogy table, Houses of Lancaster, Beaufort & Tudor Genealogy Table. d of Richard E of Warwick, no mother
      ABBR Wars of the Roses
      .
      Repository:
        Name: NAME Not Given ADDR Not Given

      Page: Houses of Lancaster, Beaufort & Tudor Genealogy Table
      Text: QUAY 3
    36. Abbrev: Royal Genealogies DB
      Title: Royal Genealogies DB
      Author: Denis R. Reid
      Publication: Name: 149 Kimrose Lane, Broadview Heights, OH 44147-1258;
      Note:
      Denis R. Reid, Royal Genealogies DB (149 Kimrose Lane, Broadview Heights, OH 44147-1258), Source Quality: 216/237-5364
      Oklahoma
      ABBR Royal Genealogies DB
      .
      Repository:
        Name: NAME Not Given (See Notes) ADDR Not Given (See Notes) NOTE
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