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  • ID: I135136
  • Name: Charles (Wenceslaus) Capet
  • Given Name: Charles (Wenceslaus)
  • Surname: Capet
  • Prefix: Emperor
  • Suffix: King Of Bohemia 1
  • Name: Vacvel Karel Iv, Holy Roman Emperor
  • Given Name: Vacvel Karel Iv, Holy Roman Emperor
  • Surname:
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 14 May 1316 in Praha, Praha, Czechoslovakia 1 2 3 4
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #6, Paget HRHCharles p76] 1316 [Ref: Thompson CharlesII #1004], parents: [Ref: CMH p916, ES I #6, Paget HRHCharles p76], father: [Ref: CMH p1034, Tapsell Dynasties p201]
  • Death: 29 Nov 1378 in Prague 2 3 4
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #6, ES I.1 #91, ES II #22, ES III.1 #1, Paget HRHCharles p76] 1353 [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p201] 1378 [Ref: CMH p1034, CMH p780, CMH p916, Thompson CharlesII #1004] 29.X 1378 [Ref: ES III.1 #12], place: [Ref: ES I.1 #91, ES II #22]
  • Burial: St Viet, Prague
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: ES I.1 #91] Prague [Ref: ES II #22]
    2 3 4
  • Occupation: Count of La Marche From 1328 5 2 3 4
  • Occupation: King of France From 1322 to 1328 5 2 3 4
  • _UID: 5C13F82B5B5647578CA1DCCF8D02A5816E66
  • Change Date: 31 Jan 2013 at 16:18
  • Note:
    Holy Roman Emperor
    Emperor Charles IV (Karel) King of Bohemia

    RESEARCH NOTES:
    Emperor [Ref: ES I.1 #91, Paget HRHCharles p26, Paget HRHCharles p76, Thompson CharlesII #1004] King of Bohemia[Ref: Paget HRHCharles p76] Count of Luxemburg [Ref: ES I.1 #91] Count or Duke of Luxemburg [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p201]

    1346: Emperor [Ref: ES I.1 #91, Lyman ES-I-Corrections #6]

    1347: King of Bohemia [Ref: ES I.1 #91]

    1355: King of Italy [Ref: ES I.1 #91]

    1365: King of Burgundy [Ref: ES I.1 #91]
    Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Charles IV (May 14, 1316 ? 29 November 1378), of the House of Luxembourg, King of the Romans (as Charles (Karl) IV, 1368 ? 1378), Holy Roman Emperor (Charles IV, 1355 ? 1378), King of Bohemia (Charles (Karel) I 1346 ? 1378), Count of Luxemburg (1346 ? 1353), Margrave of Brandenburg (1373 ? 1378). He was born as Wenceslaus, later changed his name to Charles at his confirmation.

    From 1333 Charles started to administer his father's Crown lands due to the King's often absence and in 1334 he became Margrave of Moravia. He was elected as a rival King of the Romans to Emperor Louis IV, succeeded his father John of Luxemburg as King of Bohemia and Count of Luxembourg in 1346 as his mother was Elizabeth (Eli?ka), heiress of Bohemia, daughter of King Wenceslaus II and sister of King Wenceslaus III of the Premyslid dynasty. Charles was crowned as emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in 1355. After 1349, Charles IV was uncontested ruler of the Holy Roman Empire till his death in 1378.

    During his reign imperial policy refocused on the dynastic sphere and abandoned the ideal of the Holy Roman Empire as a universal monarchy. In 1353 Luxembourg was granted to his brother Jobst. Charles IV concentrated his energies chiefly on the economic and intellectual development of Bohemia, founding the Charles University of Prague in 1348 and encouraging the early humanists ? he is known to have corresponded with Petrarch, whom he invited to visit his residential Prague. Petrarch, however hoped (to no avail) to make Charles move his residence to Rome, to take up the tradition of the ancient Roman Empire. As he became fond of Prague, art and architecture flourished in his capital, owing to his activity as a builder and patron; construction of the Charles Bridge and of the Hradcany, completion of Saint Vitus Cathedral by Peter Parler are among the best examples. From the reign of Charles IV dates the first flowering of manuscript painting in Prague. In 1356 he issued the Golden Bull, which codified the procedures for imperial elections, but had the disastrous effect of causing minor princes who were left out of the electoral process to lose allegiance to the empire. In 1373 he inherited the Margravate of Brandenburg.

    His French education left a lasting mark on Charles. His father, known as John the Blind, king of Bohemia, was an ardent francophile and patron of the composer and poet Guillaume de Machaut ? he died at Crécy in 1346 while fighting on the French side. Charles's sister Bona, married the eldest son of Philip VI of France, the future John II of France, in 1335. Thus, Emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg was the maternal uncle of King Charles V of France, who solicited his relative's advice at Metz in 1356 during the Parisian Revolt. This family connection was celebrated publicly when Charles IV made a solemn visit to his nephew in 1378, just months before his death. A detailed account of the occasion, enriched by many splendid miniatures, can be found in Charles V's copy of the Grandes Chroniques de France.

    The Emperor was fluent in five languages - Latin, Czech, German, French and Italian.

    Charles married four times. His first wife was Blanche, 1316?1348), daughter of Charles, Count of Valois, a half-sister of Philip IV of France. They had two daughters, Margaret (1335-1349), who married Louis I of Hungary; and Katharina (1342-1395), who married Rudolf IV of Austria and Otto V of Bavaria, Elector of Brandenburg.

    He secondly married Anne (Anna), 1329?1353), daughter of the Elector Palatine Rudolph II, but they had no children.

    His third wife was Anne of Swidnica, 1339?1362), by whom he had a son Wenceslaus (1361?1419), Charles's successor as Emperor and king of Bohemia.

    His fourth wife was Elizabeth of Pomerania, 1345 or 1347?1393). They had four children:

    Anne of Bohemia (1366?1394), who married Richard II of England
    Sigismund (1368?1437), emperor, king of Hungary and Bohemia and margrave of Brandenburg.
    John, Duke of Görlitz (1370?1396)
    Margaret (1373?1410), who married John III, Burgrave of Nuremberg
    In the present Czech Republic, he is still regarded as 'Father of the Country', a title first coined by the rector of the Charles University of Prague at the emperor's funeral.

    -----------------------------------------------
    King of France (1322-28) and as Charles I, king of Navarre (1322-28). In 1327 Charles helped his sister Isabella (1292-1358) to dethrone her husband, King Edward II of England. During his reign Charles increased taxation, exacted burdensome duties, debased the coinage, and confiscated estates. He died without a male heir, thus ending the direct line of the Capetian dynasty. [Funk & Wagnalls]

    1294-1328. Youngest son of Philip IV and last of the direct line of Capetian kings. Charles succeeded his two brothers, Louis X and Philip V, who had ruled in turn but had left no male heirs. In 1322 he repudiated his first wife, Blanche of Burgundy, and married Mary of Luxembourg, daughter of the late Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII. Two years later, in 1324, he was offered the imperial crown by Pope John XXII, but nothing came of this. In 1324 war broke out with Edward II, king of England, over rights in the bastide (fortified town) of Saint-Sardos in Gascony, and Charles declared the duchy forfeit. Isabella, Edward's queen and Charles's sister, came to Paris in 1325 to negotiate a truce on behalf of the English, and the king's young son Edward, later Edward III, was invested as duke of Gascony and count of Ponthieu. After Edward II's deposition by Isabella and her followers, Charles recovered the Agenais and Bazardais regions for the French crown. When he died, his third wife, Joan of Evreux, was pregnant. However, the child was a girl, and in accordance with recently established precedent that succession was through the male line, the throne passed to Philip VI, grandson of Philip III of france and the first French king of the house of Valois. [The Plantagenet Encyclopedia, p. 45]
    OR "KARL"; KNOWN AS "CHARLES THE FAIR"; HOLY ROMAN EMPORER; KING OF BOHEMIA; KING OF FRANCE 1322-1328 (ACCEDED 1/3/1322, CRWONED AT RHEIMS 2/21/1322)
    BIBLIOGRAPHY:
    Louda, Jiri, and Michael MacLagan, Heraldry of The Royal Families of Europe. New York: Clarkson Potter, 1981. Morris County Library 929.6094.

    Previte-Orton, C. W., The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History, Cambridge: University Press, 1952. Chatham 940.1PRE.

    Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. I: Die Stammesherzoge, Die Weltlichenkurforsten, Die Kaiserlichen, Koniglichen und Grossherzoglichen Familien. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1980.

    Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. II: Die Ausserdeutschen Staaten Die Regierenden Hauser der Ubrigen Staaten Europas. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1984.

    Tapsell, R. F., Monarchs, Rulers, Dynasties and Kingdoms of the World. New York: Facts on File Publications, 1983.
    RESEARCH NOTES:
    1322-1328: King of Navarre, as Charles I [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p232] King of France, as Charles IV [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p232]




    Father: John The Blind Of Luxemburg, King Of Bohemia b: 10 Aug 1296 in Praha, Czechoslovakia
    Mother: Elizabeth (Eliska) Premyslid b: 20 Jan 1292 in Prague, Praha, Czechoslovakia

    Marriage 1 Blanche Marguerite De Valois b: 1317 in Of Paris, Seine, France
    • Married: 8 May 1329 in Prague
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES II #22] V 1329 [Ref: ES I #6] first marriage of Charles [Ref: CMH p780, CMH p916], place: [Ref: ES II #22], child: [Ref: CMH p916, ES I #6]
    • Change Date: 3 Dec 2012
    Children
    1. Has No Children Margaret Of Bohemia b: 24 May 1335

    Marriage 2 Anna Of Pfaltz b: 26 Sep 1329
    • Married: 4 Mar 1349 in Bacharach
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES I #6] (4.III 1349) [Ref: ES I.1 #91], place: (Bacharach) [Ref: ES I.1 #91], child: [Ref: ES I #6]
    • Change Date: 13 Oct 2012
    Children
    1. Has No Children Elizabeth Of Bohemia b: 10 Mar 1358

    Marriage 3 Anna Of Schlesien b: 1339
    • Married: 27 May 1353
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES III.1 #12] VI 1353 [Ref: ES I #6]
    • Change Date: 13 Oct 2012

    Marriage 4 Elizabeth Of Pomerania b: 1347
    • Married: May 1363
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES I #6, ES III.1 #1, Paget HRHCharles p76], names: [Ref: Thompson CharlesII #1004], child: [Ref: CMH p916, ES I #6, Paget HRHCharles p26, Paget HRHCharles p76, Thompson CharlesII #502]
    • Change Date: 13 Oct 2012
    Children
    1. Has No Children Anne Of Bohemia b: 11 May 1366 in Prague
    2. Has Children Sigismund Of Luxemburg, King Of Hungary, Emperor b: 14 Feb 1368
    3. Has Children Johann Of Luxemburg, Prince Of Bohemia b: 28 Jun 1370

    Marriage 5 Spouse Unknown
    • Married:
    • Change Date: 12 Dec 2012
    Children
    1. Has No Children Catherine

    Marriage 6 Maria Of Luxemburg b: 1304
    • Married: 21 Sep 1322 in Paris
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES II #12] 24.VIII 1322 [Ref: ES I #6], place: [Ref: ES II #12]
    • Change Date: 12 Dec 2012

    Marriage 7 Joan Of Evreux b: 1310
    • Married: 5 Jul 1325 in Paris
    • Note:
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
    • Change Date: 12 Dec 2012
    Children
    1. Has No Children Blanche Of Navarre b: 1 Apr 1328 in Chateaunneuf B Orleans

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Raoul de Coucy.ged
      Title: Raoul de Coucy.ged
      Note:
      Raoul de Coucy.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
      Text: Date of Import: 15 Feb 2005
    2. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 8 Aug 2004
      Title: GEDCOM file. Created on 29 Dec 2003. Imported on 8 Aug 2004.
    3. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 12 Jan 2008
      Title: GEDCOM file. Created on Jan 12, 2008. Imported on 12 Jan 2008.
    4. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 23 Sep 2009
      Title: GEDCOM file submitted by Cathy Ann Abernathy, Rootsweb.com / weavercat@gmail.com. Created on 17 AUG 2009. Imported on 23 Sep 2009.
    5. Abbrev: The Plantagenet Encyclopedia
      Title: Hallam, Elizabeth, General Editor, <i>The Plantagenet Encyclopedia</i> (Cresent Books, New York, 1996)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 45
      Quality: 3
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