Davis - not a tree but a forest

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  • ID: I144987
  • Name: Ludwig 'De Strenge' Von Wittlesbach
  • Given Name: Ludwig 'De Strenge'
  • Surname: Von Wittlesbach
  • Prefix: Duke
  • Suffix: II
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 13 Apr 1229 in Heidelberg
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #23, Leo van de Pas SGM 12/31/1998-025515], place: [Ref: Leo van de Pas SGM 12/31/1998-025515], parents: [Ref: ES I #23, Leo van de Pas SGM 12/31/1998-025515]
  • Death: 2 Feb 1294 in Heidelberg
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #23, ES III.1 #13, Leo van de Pas SGM 12/31/1998-025515] 1294 [Ref: ES I #96] II 1294 [Ref: ES I.1 #41], place: [Ref: ES I.1 #41, Leo van de Pas SGM 12/31/1998-025515]
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  • Occupation: Paltsgraaf Hertog
  • _UID: 7C2EE32699D9D04B975DAB3E150657D2616D
  • Change Date: 11 Mar 2013 at 02:21
  • Note:
    He was the Duke of Upper Bavaria.


    Title: Count Palatine of the Rhine 1 Note:
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

    Duke Louis II of Bavaria (German: Ludwig II der Strenge, Herzog von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein) (13 April 1229 - 2 February 1294) was Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1253. Born in Heidelberg, he was a son of duke Otto II and Agnes of Palatinate. She was a daughter of the Welf Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine, her grandfathers were Henry XII the Lion and Conrad of Hohenstaufen.

    Biography

    The young Louis supported in 1246 his brother-in-law King Conrad IV of Germany against the usurpation of Heinrich Raspe. In 1251 Louis was at war again against the bishop of Regensburg.

    Louis succeeded his father Otto as Duke of Bavaria in 1253. When the Wittelsbach country was divided in 1255 among Otto's sons, Louis received the Palatinate and Upper Bavaria, while his brother duke Henry XIII of Bavaria received Lower Bavaria. This partition was against the law and therefore caused the anger of the bishops in Bavaria who allied themselves with king Otakar II of Bohemia in 1257. In August 1257 Ottokar invaded Bavaria, but Louis and Henry managed to repulse the attack. It was one of the rare concerted and harmonious actions of the two brothers, who often argued.

    Louis resided in Munich and Heidelberg Castle. As one of the Prince-electors of the empire he was strongly involved in the royal elections for forty years. During the German interregnum after King William's death in 1256 Louis supported King Richard of Cornwall. Together with his brother Louis also aided his young Hohenstaufen nephew Conradin in his duchy of Swabia, but it was not possible to enforce Conradin's election as German king. As a result of his support for the Hohenstaufen, Louis was banned by the pope in 1266. In 1267 when his nephew crossed the Alps with an army, Louis accompanied Conradin only to Verona. After the young prince's execution in Naples in 1268, Louis inherited some of Conradin's possessions in Swabia and supported the election of the Habsburg Rudolph I against Ottokar II in 1273. On 26 August 1278 the armies of Rudolph and Louis met Otakar's forces on the banks of the River March in the Battle of Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen where Otakar was defeated and killed. In 1289 the electoral dignity of Bavaria passed to Bohemia again, but Louis remained an elector as Count Palatine of the Rhine. After Rudolph's death in 1291 Louis could not enforce the election of his Habsburg brother-in-law Albert I against Adolf of Nassau.

    Louis died at Heidelberg. His eldest surviving son Rudolf succeeded him, with Adolf of Nassau becoming his father-in-law a few months later. Louis was buried in the crypt of Fürstenfeld Abbey.

    Family and children

    Louis II was married three times.

    The execution of Marie of Brabant

    He had his first wife Marie of Brabant -a daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen- executed in Donauwörth in 1256 due to mistaken suspicion of adultery; back in those days the punishment for an adulterous wife was beheading. Any actual guilt on her part could never be validated. As expiation Louis founded the Cistercian friary Fürstenfeld Abbey (Fürstenfeldbruck) near Munich.

    Different sources tell varying tales about how this terrible mistake could happen in the first place: In 1256 Louis had been away from home for an extended time, due to his responsibilities as a sovereign in the area of the Rhine. His wife wrote two letters, one to her husband, and another to the earl of Kyburg at Hunsrück, a vassal of Louis. Details about the actual content of the second letter vary, but according to the chroniclers the messenger who carried the letter to Ludwig had been given the wrong one, and Louis came to the conclusion that his wife had a secret love affair.

    Over time a great many tales of folklore sprang up around Louis' bloody deed, most of them written long after his death: Ballad-mongers embellished the tale into a murderous frenzy, during which Louis allegedly not only killed his wife after having ridden home for five days and nights, but also stabbed the messenger who brought him the wrong letter, then upon entering his castle stabbed his own castellan and a court lady and threw his wife's maid from the battlements, before he massacred his wife either by stabbing her or cutting off her head.

    Several more restrained chronicles support the account of Marie's execution on January 18, 1256 in Donauwörth at castle Mangoldstein by ducal decree for alleged adultery, but nothing beyond that.

    Later marriages

    In 1260 Louis married his second wife Anna of Glogau. They had the following children:

    1.Maria (b. 1261), a nun in Marienburg abbey.
    2.Ludwig (13 September 1267-23 November 1290, killed at a tournament at Nuremberg.

    He married his third wife Matilda of Habsburg, one of king Rudolph's daughters, on 27 October 1273. Their children were:

    1.Agnes (ca. 1267/77-1345), married to:
    1.1290 in Donauwörth Landgrave Henry II of Hesse;
    2.1298/1303 Heinrich I "Ohneland" ("Lackland"), Margrave of Brandenburg.
    2.Rudolf I (4 October 1274, Basle-12 August 1319).
    3.Mechthild (1275-28 March 1319, Lüneburg), married 1288 to Duke Otto II of Braunschweig-Lüneburg.
    4.Ludwig IV (1 April 1282, Munich-11 October 1347, Puch bei Fürstenfeldbruck).

    Louis II was succeeded by his oldest son Rudolf.




    Father: Otto Von Wittlesbach b: 7 Apr 1206 in Kelheim, Bavaria, Germany
    Mother: Agnes von Brunswick b: 1202 in Rhineland, Prussia

    Marriage 1 Mathlida (Mechtild) Von Habsburg b: Abt 1251 in Habsburg, Argau, Switzerland
    • Married: 27 Oct 1273 in Aachen
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES I.1 #41] 1273 [Ref: ES I #23], place: [Ref: ES I.1 #41], child: [Ref: ES I #23, ES I.1 #91, Leo van de Pas SGM 12/31/1998-025515, Paget HRHCharles p229]
    • Change Date: 11 Mar 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children Rudolph 'The Stammerer' Von Bayern b: 4 Oct 1274 in Basel, Baselstadt, Switzerland
    2. Has Children Agnes Von Wittlesbach b: 1276 in München, Oberbayern, Bavaria
    3. Has Children Mathilda Of Bavaria b: 1275
    4. Has Children Ludwig Von Bayern b: 1 Apr 1282 in Munchen, Oberbayern, Bavaria

    Marriage 2 Marie De Brabant b: Abt 1226 in Brabant (Duchy Of Brabant)
    • Married: 2 Aug 1254
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES I #23, ES I #96, Leo van de Pas SGM 12/31/1998-025515]
    • Change Date: 11 Mar 2013

    Marriage 3 Anna Of Schlesien b: Abt 1250
    • Married: 24 Aug 1260
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES I #23]
    • Change Date: 11 Mar 2013

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: [Plantagenet Descent]
      Title: "Plantagenet Descent" by David A. Blocher
      Author: David A. Blocher <dblocher51@yahoo.com>
      Publication: Personal Usage
      Text: "Plantagenet Descent" by David A. Blocher
      Note:
      Notification indicating people with descendancy from Geoffery Plantagenet (originator of the name, and father of King Henry II).
    2. Abbrev: Ancestor of ....
      Title: Ancestor of ....
      Text: Ancestor of
      Page: Brooke Shields
      Quality: 1
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      Page: Fred Gwynne
      Quality: 1
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      Title: Descendant of.....
      Text: Descendant of......
      Page: Charlemagne
      Quality: 1
    6. Abbrev: [Ancestry of David A. Blocher: Paternal]
      Title: Ancestry of David A. Blocher (Paternal)
      Author: David A. Blocher (personal use) dblocher51@yahoo.com
      Text: Ancestry of David A. Blocher (Paternal)
    7. Abbrev: [Ancestry of Meriwether Lewis (Explorer)]
      Title: Ancestry of Meriwether Lewis (Explorer)
      Text: Ancestry of Meriwether Lewis (Explorer)
      Note:
      One half of the team of 'Lewis & Clark' that mapped out the Pacific Northwest.
    8. Abbrev: [Ancestry of Mark Willis Ballard]
      Title: [Ancestry of Mark Willis Ballard]
      Text: Ancestry of Mark Willis Ballard
      Page: Maternal Lineage
      Quality: 3
    9. Abbrev: [Ancestry of Fred Gwynne]
      Title: Ancestry of Fred Gwynne
      Text: Ancestry of Fred Gwynne
      Page: Herman Munster of the TV Sitcom "The Munsters"
      Quality: 3
    10. Abbrev: [Plantagenet Descent]
      Title: Plantagenet Descent
      Text: Plantagenet Descent
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