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Entries: 166493    Updated: 2013-03-26 20:56:18 UTC (Tue)    Owner: Richard Ervin Davis

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  • ID: I158609
  • Name: John Maxwell
  • Given Name: John
  • Surname: Maxwell
  • Prefix: 4th Lord Of Pollok 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: Abt 1345 in Pollok, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Death: Bef 6 Jun 1414 in Pollok, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • _UID: 5443B8FFB74644689FE86AE50B674938C086
  • Change Date: 15 Feb 2013 at 13:00
  • Note:
    Sir John Maxwell, Knight, fourth of Pollok, 1360-1405; Isabella Lindsay, his first wife, 1369-1388; and Elizabeth St Michael, heiress of Quhitchester, second wife, 1399.

    This Baron of Pollok added consideralby to the territorial possessions of the family by an alliance in marriage with a lady closely related to the royal family, which brought him considerable wealth and influence. The lady of Isabella Lindsay, daughter of Sir James de Lindsay, Lord of Crawford, and his wife, Ęgidia Stewart, daughter of Walter, High Steward of Scotland. They were married about the year 1367 or 1368, as appears from various charters granted to them, and other evidence. About the year 1366, Sir John Maxwell had a charter from Robert Earl of Strathearne, afterwards King Robert II, and Euphemia Ross, his spouse, of the east half of the lands of Bardralle, Baddynhath, and Glenframedy, in Perthshire, which seems to have been granted to him previously to his marriage, and in all probabiliyt preparatory to it. Isabella Lindsay is not mentioned in this charter, and it may be inferred that she was not then married to Sir John. The next charter notice of Sir John is in the year 1366, when, with Hugh de Eglyntoun of that Ilk, and others, he witnessed a charter by Robert Steward of Scotland, Earl of Strathearne, and John, his eldest son, to the Abbot and convent of Paisley of the lands of Sanakar, Camceskane, Dowlargis, Cowdane, Stafflaur, and Hormysdale, all which had been granted to them by the late Reginald More; and of course, from the nature of the transaction , no notice of Isabella was to be expected in this writ. But some years after, on 10th May 1372, David Stewart, son of Robert, who became Earl of Stratherne, on his father's accession to the throne, granted a charter of confirmation of the lands of Bardralle and others above mentioned t Sir John Maxwell, Knight, and Isabella his spouse, who is therein styled the dearest cousin of the granter. On 9th March of the same year (1372), King Robert II granted a charter to Sir John and Isabella of the lands of Akinhead, in Lanarkshire, and, at the same time, another of the lands of Lyandcross, in the same county, in both of which he styles Isabella his dearest niece. And on 24th April 1374, King Robert again confimed to them the lands of Bardrall and others, when he designates Isabella his beloved niece. James Lindsay, Isabella's brother, is a witness both to the charter of 10th May 1372, and to that of 24th April 1374; and in the latter, he is styled nephew by King Robert.

    Sir John Maxwell and Isabella Lindsay had other charters granted to them about the same time, which assist in fixing the date of their marriage, and otherwise illustrate their histories. John Stewart, Earl of Carrick and Lord of Kilbrydeschyre, afterwards King Robert III, granted them a charter on the resignation of Sir John Maxwell, on 12th July 1369. About the year 1371 or 1372, James de Lindsay granted a charter to Sir John Maxwell of the lands of Hawkshaws, Glenovir, and Fynglen, in Peebleshire. On on 4th March 1371, Robert Maxwell, Lord of Mernnes, granted to Sir John Maxwell a charter of the lands of Dryppys, in the barony of Kilbrydeschire, and county of Lanark, to be held by him and his spouse Isabella, and their heirs, in which he designates Sir John Maxwell as a noble man his cousin ('nobili viro ac consanguineo nostro;). Robert Maxwell reserved to himself and his heirs the mount nearest to the village of Dryppys, on the top of which a certain stone was erected, for the purpose of holding courts thereon, as often as it might be necessary to prosecute the inhabitants of these lands, for injuries committed agains himself and his heirs only. This stone is still standing. On 6th June 1377, King Robert II granted to Sir John Maxwell and Isabella a charter of all the lands in the new forest of Galloway which had belonged to his dearest nephew, Sir James de Lindsay, Knight, and which he had resigned, and in this charter also he styles Isabella as his dearest niece.

    These charters bring the date of the marriage of Sir John Maxwell and Isabella Lindsay within a very narrow compass. They show that it was improbable the marriage could have taken place before the year 1366, and they render it certain that they were married not later than 12th July 1369. This date of the marriage harmonized with the age traditionally assigned to their heroic son John, at the Battle of Otterburn, in 1388. His mother however, did not live to witness the triumphs of her gallant son. The battle in which he so gloriously earned his spurs was fought in July 1388; and Isabella died before the preceding month of May, as appears from a charter by Sir John Maxwell, dated on the 6th of that month, in which she is designated as his late spouse.

    On the 15th May 1390, Sir John granted a charter to his second son, Robert Maxwell, of the lands of Jackstoun, to be held by him and the heirs of his body; whom failing, by the heirs-male of his brother Sir John. To that charter Sir John the younger is a witness, under the designation of Sir John de Maxwell, Knight, son of the granter. William de Maxwell is also a witness, who, although he is not so designated, was probably the younger brother of Robert, and aftewards Laird of Aikenhead. Sir John, the father, witnesses a charter of confirmation, by Duncan Earl of Levenax, to John Kennedy, who appears to have been a son-in-law of Sir John Maxwell, of a donation by Sir Gilbert Kennedy, Knight, Lord of Dunure, of the lands of Buchmonyn in the earldom of Lennox, dated 28th October 1393. About this time, too, Sir John resigned the lands of Schithun, in Aberdeenshire, in favour of John Ogstoun, who thereupon obtained a charter from King Robert III.

    While Sir John was resigning lands in the north, he was acquiring others in the south. About the year 1399, he married, as his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of St Micheal of Quhitchestre in Roxburghshire, and with her obtained these lands. A charter was granted on 6th May 1399, by Archibald Earl of Douglas on the resignation of Elizabeth, in her pure widowhood, to whom the lands had formerly belonged, and bears that they were to be held by Sir John and her, and the heirs of their bodies; whom failing, by her heirs whomsoever. Of this marriage there was no issue, and the estate of Quhitchestre did not continue with the Maxwell family, but passed to that of the Scotts of Buccleuch. One of the minor titles of the Duke of Buccleuch is Lord Scott of Whitchester. Ann Duchess of Buccleuch and Monmouth called her eldest grandson Lord Whitchester, saying it sounded better than Lord Scott.

    Sir John Maxwell divided his large estates between his eldest and second sons, Sir John and Robert. By indenture, dated at Dumbarton on the 18th day of December 1400, it was agreed between Sir John the father and his second son, Robert, on the one part, and Sir John the eldest son, on the other part, that Sir John the son should have the lands of Pollok and Carnwadrick, Castlebar, Mathewbar, and Dykebar, in Refrewshire, and Murray and Headhouse in Lanarkshire, and that Robert should have Dripps, Jacktoun, Allartoun, Newlands, Calderwood, Greenhills, the two Aikenheads, and the overlordship of a quarter of Thornton in Lanarkshire, and Hawkshawlands, Finglen, and Carterhop in Tweedmuir. This indenture is a very formal and carefully prepared document, and is an excellent specimen of an early legal writ in the Scotch language. Consequent on this indenture Sir John granted to his son Robert a charter of the lands of Calderwood on 4th May 1401; and another of the lands of Little Akynhead about the same time. He does not appear again on record, and must have died before 6th June 1414, as in a charter of that date by Euphemia Countess of Stratherne he is mentioned as deceased. [Memoirs of the Maxwells of Pollok I:11-15]

    Marriage 1 Isabel Lindsay b: Abt 1348 in Crawford, Lanarkshire, Scotland
    • Married:
    • Change Date: 15 Feb 2013
    1. Has Children Egidia Maxwell b: Abt 1372 in Pollok, Strathclyde, Scotland
    2. Has Children Robert Maxwell b: Abt 1373 in Pollok, Strathclyde, Scotland

    1. Abbrev: The Scots Peerage; Sir James Balfour Paul {1904-1914, 2000 rev} with Addenda et Corrigenda {2000}
      Title: The Scots Peerage; Sir James Balfour Paul {1904-1914, 2000 rev} with Addenda et Corrigenda {2000}
        Name: Not Given

      Page: III:11
      Quality: 3
    2. Abbrev: Memoirs of the Maxwells of Pollok; William Fraser {1863}
      Title: Memoirs of the Maxwells of Pollok; William Fraser {1863}
      Page: I:11-16
      Quality: 3
    3. Abbrev: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 1380
      Quality: 3
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