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  • ID: I160664
  • Name: Elisabeth von Görz-Tirol
  • Given Name: Elisabeth
  • Surname: von Görz-Tirol
  • Sex: F
  • Birth: Abt 1260 in Tirol, Tirol, Austria
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: vor 1262 [Ref: ES III.1 #43], father: [Ref: CMH p796, ES I #14]
  • Death: 28 Oct 1313 in Wien, Wien, Austria
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #14, ES III.1 #43] 1313 [Ref: CMH p796]
  • Burial: Konigsfeld, Bei Brugg, Aargau, Switzerland
  • Occupation: koningin
  • _UID: A99BDD8ECC8F450BA3CA0226E46490B87FB7
  • Change Date: 18 Feb 2013 at 18:27
  • Note:
    Elisabeth of Gorizia-Tyrol (c. 1262 - 28 October 1312 was Queen of the Romans, Queen of Germany and Duchess of Austria by marriage. She is also known as Elisabeth of Tirol.

    Family

    She was the eldest daughter of Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia, count of Gorizia and Tyrol.

    Her mother was Elisabeth of Bavaria. She was a daughter of Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria and his wife Agnes, herself daughter of Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine and Agnes of Hohenstaufen. Her mother was also the widow of Conrad IV of Germany. Therefore, the young Elisabeth was a half-sister of Conradin, King of Jerusalem and Duke of Swabia.

    Marriage

    She was married in Vienna on 20 December 1274 the future Albert I of Germany, one of the founders of the House of Habsburg, thus becoming daughter-in-law of the King of the Romans. Her husband, then a Count of Habsburg was invested as Duke of Austria and Styria in December 1282 by his father the King Rudolf. They solidified their rule in what was to become the Habsburg patrimony, also by help of Elisabeth's father who in his turn in 1286 was created Duke of Carinthia.

    Elisabeth was in fact better connected to mighty German rulers than her husband: a descendant of earlier kings, for example Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, she was also a niece of dukes of Bavaria [1], Austria's important neighbours.

    In 1298, her husband was finally elected king upon the end of the reign of Adolf of Nassau. In 1299 she was Nuremberg was crowned Queen of Germany and the Romans. Her husband was murdered on 1 May 1308 by his nephew John "the Parricide" in Windisch, located in modern-day Switzerland.

    After the murder of her husband, Elisabeth joined the monastery of Königsfelden were she died 28 October 1312 and was later buried [2].

    Elisabeth was a shrewd and enterprising woman who had some commercial talents. The construction of the Saline plant in Salzkammergut goes back to her suggestion [3].

    Their children were:

    1. Rudolph III (ca. 1282-4 July 1307, Horazdiowitz), Married but line extinct and predeceased his father.
    2. Frederick I (1289-13 January 1330, Gutenstein). Married but line extinct.
    3. Leopold I (4 August 1290-28 February 1326, Strassburg). Married but line extinct.
    4. Albert II (12 December 1298, Vienna-20 July 1358, Vienna).
    5. Heinrich (1299-3 February 1327, Bruck an der Mur). Married but line extinct.
    6. Meinhard, 1300 died young.
    7. Otto (23 July 1301, Vienna-26 February 1339, Vienna). Married but line extinct.
    8. Anna 1280?, Vienna-19 March 1327, Breslau), married:
    1. in Graz ca. 1295 to Margrave Hermann of Brandenburg;
    2. in Breslau 1310 to Duke Heinrich VI of Breslau.
    9. Agnes (18 May 1281-10 June 1364, Königsfelden), married in Vienna 13 February 1296 King Andrew III of Hungary.
    10. Elisabeth (d. 19 May 1353), married 1304 Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine.
    11. Katharina (1295-18 January 1323, Naples), married 1316 Charles, Duke of Calabria.
    12. Jutta (d. 1329), married in Baden 26 March 1319 Count Ludwig VI of Öttingen.

    References

    1. ^ A list of her maternal ancestors
    2. ^ CARINTHIA, Medieval Lands
    3. ^ Translation from German Wikipedia

    -------------

    Elisabeth was born before 1262, the eldest daughter of Meinhard V-IV-II, Herzog von Kärnten, Graf von Görz und Tirol, and Elisabeth of Bavaria. In 1274 in Vienna, Elisabeth married Albrecht I, Graf von Habsburg, son of Rudolf I von Habsburg, the emperor-elect, and Gertrud von Hohenberg. They had twelve children of whom five sons and two daughters would have progeny. Albrecht would also become emperor-elect and one of the founders of the House of Habsburg. He was invested as Duke of Austria and Styria in December 1282 by his father. They solidified their rule in what was to become the Habsburg patrimony, also with the help of Elisabeth's father who in his turn was created Duke of Carinthia in 1286.

    In 1298 her husband was finally elected King of the Germans (emperor-elect) upon the end of the reign of Adolf von Nassau. Albrecht was murdered on 1 May 1308 by his nephew Johann 'the Parricide' in Windisch, located in modern-day Switzerland.

    Elisabeth died on 28 October 1312.

    ---------------------

    ELISABETH von Görz-Tirol (before 1262-Vienna 28 Oct 1313, bur 1316 Königsfelden). The Dytheri de Helmestat Notć Historicć record that "rex Rudolfus filio suo domino Alberto duci Austrie" married "filiam Einhardi ducis Karintie"[823]. The necrology of Stams records the death "V Kal Nov" of "domina Elizabeth regina filia fundatoris nostri"[824]. m (Vienna [20 Dec] 1274) ALBRECHT von Habsburg, son of RUDOLF I King of Germany, Duke of Austria & his first wife Gertrud [Anna] von Hohenberg [Zollern] (Jul 1255-murdered by his nephew Johann at Königsfelden, near Brugg-an-der-Reuß 1 May 1308, bur Wettingen Cistercian convent, removed 1309 to Speyer Cathedral). He succeeded his father in 1282 as ALBRECHT I joint-Duke of Austria. He was elected King of Germany in 1298. The necrology of Stams records the death "Kal Mai" of "dominus Albertus rex Romanorum gener fundatoris nostri"[825].

    Notes (http://fmg.ac):

    [823] Burkardi de Hallis et Dytheri de Helmestat Notć Historicć 1273-1325, Fontes rerum Germanicarum II, p. 475.
    [824] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47.
    [825] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47.




    Father: Meinhard Van Görz En Tirol b: 1241 in Carinthia, Austria
    Mother: Elisabeth Von Wittlesbach b: 1227 in Landshut, Niederbayern, Bavaria

    Marriage 1 Albert I von Habsburg b: Jul 1248 in Habsburg, Argau, Switzerland
    • Married: 1274
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES I #14, ES III.1 #43], child: [Ref: CMH p796, ES I #14, ES I.1 #41]
    • Change Date: 17 Jan 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children Isabella Of Austria
    2. Has Children Anna von Habsburg b: Abt 1278 in Graz, Steiermark, Austria
    3. Has Children Leopold I Of Austria b: 4 Aug 1290
    4. Has No Children Rudolph III Of Austria, King Of Bohemia b: 1282
    5. Has Children Albert II Of Austria, Count Of Pfirt b: 12 Dec 1298 in Habsburg
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