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  • ID: I164466
  • Name: Gruffudd Ap Wennonwen De La Pole
  • Given Name: Gruffudd
  • Surname: Ap Wennonwen De La Pole
  • Suffix: Brenin Of South Powys 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1215 in Powis Castle, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, Wales
  • Death: 1289 1 15 16 17
  • Burial: Grey Friars, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England
  • Event: Gruffudd de la Pole Alias
  • Event: Completed Complete
  • Event: Alt. Death 1289 18
  • _UID: 1CE8CA51C39A4E40A32139CC733D1D14B4B1
  • Change Date: 18 Feb 2013 at 22:15
  • Note:
    Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn; Lord (feudally) of Arwystli, Caereinion, Cyfeiliog, Mawddwy, Upper Mochnant and Y Tair Swydd by grant of Henry III 1241, though he later supported Llywelyn the Last, Prince of Wales. [Burke's Peerage]
    Prince or Lord of Upper Powys [Ref: CP V p495]
    Name: Griffin (Gruffudd Ap (Gwenwynwyn) de La POLE Prince of Powys
    -----------------------------------------

    Gruffudd ab Gwenwynwyn , Prince of Powys

    GRUFFUDD ap GWENWYNWYN (d. 1286 or 1287), lord of Upper Powys; the elder son of Gwenwynwyn by Margaret Corbet of Caus. An infant when his father d., an exile in 1216, he was excluded from his inheritance until after the death of Llywelyn I, meanwhile spending his youth and early manhood in England dependent on royal bounty and his mother's dower. When Dafydd II submitted to Henry III in 1241, the king invested Gruffydd (on strictly feudal terms) with the lordship of the family lands in Arwystli, Cyfeiliog, Mawddwy, Caereinion, Y Tair Swydd, and Upper Mochnant. Sometime before this decisive moment in his career, he had m Hawise, daughter of John Lestrange of Knockin.

    Steadfast in his loyalty to the Crown during the first decade of Llywelyn II's rise to power, he suffered a renewed loss of patrimony and a second exile in 1257. With evident reluctance, and though deprived of the lands of Cyfeiliog lying north of the Dovey, he agreed, in 1263, to transfer his allegiance to Llywelyn and co-operate in the latter's plan for the creation of a native feudal principality. This arrangement, confirmed in the Treaty of Montgomery (1267), lasted until 1274, the year of the notorious plot against Llywelyn's life, in which Hawise and her eldest son, Owen, were deeply implicated.

    From the shelter of his third exile at Shrewsbury, Gruffudd (not without some suspicion of royal encouragement) continued to embarrass Llywelyn, providing in this way one of the occasions for the war of 1277. Reinstated in his barony of Powys after Llywelyn's humiliation, he was still without the lands north of the Dovey; these now became the subject of the legal controversy between him and the Prince of Wales, the ensuing complications being part of the web of circumstances which led to the final outbreak of hostilities in 1282, when Gruffydd figured among the most prominent of Edward's supporters.

    He lived for five year after the conquest, dying sometime between 21 Feb. 1286 and the end of 1287. He was survived by his wife (d. 1310), six sons, and one daughter. The main inheritance passed to the eldest son, Owen de la Pole, and eventually, in 1309, to John Charlton, the husband of Gruffydd's granddaughter, Hawise.

    Sources: J. E. Lloyd, _A History of Wales_, (1911) (last edn. 1930); Edwards J. Goronwy (ed.), _Littere Wallie_, 1940; Edwards J. Goronwy, _Calendar of Ancient Correspondence concerning Wales_, 1935; Davies, James Conway (ed.), _The Welsh Assize Roll, 1277-1284_, 1940.
    T. J. P.* [Ref: The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940, editors, Sir John Edward Lloyd & R. T. Jenkins, (1959), p. 316-7]

    * Professor Thomas Jones Pierce, M.A., F.S.A., Aberystwyth, author of this article.

    For precise source refs, p. 317 begins "mother's dower. When Dafydd II submitted to Henry III in 1241"

    *****

    GRUFFYDD ap GWENWYNWYN (d. 1286), lord of Cyveiliog, Upper Powys, or as it was called from his father, Powys Gwenwynwyn, was the son of Gwenwynwyn, the son of Owain Cyveiliog, by his wife, Margaret Corbet. The expulsion of his father from his dominions by Llewelyn, son of Iowerth, led to Gruffydd's being brough up in England, where in 1218 his father died. He was supported by a charge on the revenues of his estates, which remained in Llewelyn's hands, by the dower of his mother's English estates, and by occasional grants from the exchequer, as for example in 1224, when he received half a mark because he was sick (_Rot. Lit. Claus. - i. 583). Llewelyn kept Cyveiliog in his hands until his death in 1240, though after 1233 Gruffydd and his followers seem to have frequented the king's border castles. In 1241 Gruffydd paid a fine of three hundred marks to the king and obtained the seisin of all his father's estates, doing homage for them to Henry alone, so that he held as a baron of the king, and was independent of the princes of Gwynedd (_Excerpta e Rot. Finiun_, i. 350; _Annales Cambrić_, s. a. 1241). In the same year he acted as surety for Senena, wife of Gruffydd ab Llewelyn, in her agreement with Henry III (Matt. Paris, _Hist. Major_, iv. 318, ed. Luard).

    In 1244 Gruffydd was one of the three Welsh magnates who alone remained faithful to the king when Davydd ab Llewelyn [David II, 1208-1246] revolted. He was besieged at his castle of Walwar, and though steadfast himself was much afraid that his followers would desert to Prince Davydd (Shirley, _Royal Letters_, ii. 38). In 1247 after Davydd's death, Gruffydd led a South Welsh army over the Dyvi to ravage Gwynedd (_Ann. Cambrić_, s. a. 1247).

    Gruffydd's fidelity to the English king involved him similarly in conflicts with Llewelyn ab Gruffydd, and brought him more privileges and grants from the crown. After Prince Edward's officers had enraged the Welsh princes by their attempt to introduce the English system of administration, Llewelyn marched against Gruffydd, and in 1256 deprived him of nearly all his lands (_Brut y Tywysogion_, p. 343). In 1257 he lost his territories altogether (_ib._, i. 345) and took refuge in England, where in 1260 he was summoned, doubtless for his English estates, to serve against Llewelyn (_F?dera_, i. 399). But the English connection had done Gruffydd very little good, and he was also involved in a long, and troublesome suit with his kinsman Thomas Corbet of Caus, for the possession of Gorddwr. In 1263 he revolted from the king and on bended knee did homage to LLewelyn as prince of Wales (_Annales Cambrić_, s. a.), receiving in return some additional grants of territory. He at once besieged Mold, in the interest of his new lord. In 1267, when the mediation of the legate Ottobon put an end to the war, Gruffydd was recognised by Henry III as a vassal of Llewelyn, but was not required to restore any land which he had held when with the king (_F?dera_, i. 474).

    Gruffydd was not long contented as a vassal of the prince of Wales. In 1274 Llewelyn upbraided him for his deceit and disloyalty, took from him part of his land, and kept his eldest son Owain at his court (_Brut y Tywysogion_, s. a.) In 1276 Gruffydd and Owain joined with Davydd, Llewelyn's brother [Davydd III, d. 1283], in a consipracy against Llewelyn. But the prince found out the plot, and Owain was forced to confess before the Bishop of Bangor. Llewelyn sent five of his nobles to Gruffydd, who at first received them well at Pool Castle, his chief residence. But he soon treacherously suth them up in prision and prepared his castle for a seige. Llewelyn now overran Powys; but the king's campaign in 1277 compelled him to relinquish his conquests, and Gruffydd was again restored. Henceforth Gruffydd remained faithful to King Edward. Fresh lawsuits broke out between him and LLewelyn, which were soon referred to the sword. The fall of Llewelyn left him no longer any temptation to do more than play the part of an English baron. He secured a royal charter in 1282 for a weekly market at his town of Welshpool, which had been previously suppressed as likely to injure the king's town of Montgomery. In 1283 he was summoned to the council which tried his former ally, Davydd, at Shrewsbury (_F?dera_, i. 630).

    He died some time after 27 Feb 1286. His career as well as that of his father illustrates very remarkably the process of transition by which Welsh princes became English barons.

    Gruffyydd had married Hawise, daughter of John L'Strange of Knockin, some time before 1242. He left by her a numerous family, among whom he distributed his estates by deed or will, preserved in the Welsh Roll of 6 Edward I ('Rotuli Wallić,' privately printed by Sir T. Phillips). Owain the eldest had Cyveiliog and Arwystli. Lesser portions were provided for his other sons, Llewelyn, Sion, Gwilym, Davydd, and Gruffyd. He also left a daughter Margaret, who married Fulk Fitzwarren of Whittington (_Calendarium Genealogicum_, p. 258). Hawise, his wife, died in 1310. His heir, Owain of Pool, as he was general called, died in 1293, leaving his son and heir, Gruffydd, only two years old. On the latter's death, before he came of age, Powys went to his sister, Hawise Gadarn, who in 1309 married John Charlton, first lord Charlton of Powys.

    [Brut y Tywysogion; Annales Cambrić; Matthew Paris, Hist. Major; Shirley's Royal Letters, all in Rolls Ser.; Rymer's F?dera, vol. i. Record ed.; Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum et Patentium, Rotuli Chartarum, Rotuli de Liberate, Record editions. The facts are all collected in Bridgeman's Princes of Upper Powys in the Montgomeryshire Collections of the Powysland Club, i. 22-50, 112-68; Eyton's Shropshire, especially vol. vii.] T. F. T.* [Ref: DNB, Editors, Leslie Stephen & Sidney Lee, MacMillan Co, London & Smith, Elder & Co., NY, 1908, vol. vii, pp. 747-8]

    * Prof. Thomas Frederick Tout, author of this article.

    For precise source refs, p. 748 begins "not required to restore any land which he had held when with the king"

    Regards,
    Curt




    Father: Gwennwynnwyn Ap Owain b: Abt 1165 in Powys, Wales
    Mother: Margaret Corbet b: 1181 in Caus, Shropshire, England

    Marriage 1 Hawise Le Strange b: Abt 1229 in Cheswardine, Market Drayton, Shropshire, England
    • Married: Abt 1248 in Knockin, Shropshire, England
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      child: [Ref: CP V p497, CP X p641]
    • Change Date: 18 Feb 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children Margaret De La Pole b: Abt 1258 in Powis Castle, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, Wales
    2. Has Children Griffin De La Pole b: Abt 1252 in Powis Castle, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, Wales
    3. Has Children Owain Ap Griffith De La Pole, Prince Of Powys
    4. Has Children William De La Pole b: 1248 in Kingston Upon Hull (East Riding), York, England

    Marriage 2 Spouse Unknown
    • Married: Bef 1241 19 20
    • Change Date: 18 Feb 2013

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition
      Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition
      Author: Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief
      Publication: Date: 1999;
      Page: 2506
      Quality: 3
    2. Abbrev: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom
      Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom
      Author: G. E Cokayne
      Publication: Name: Sutton Publishing Ltd; Date: 2000;
      Page: V:497
      Quality: 3
    3. Abbrev: A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and ExtinctPeerages of the British Empire
      Title: A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and ExtinctPeerages of the British Empire
      Author: Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D.
      Publication: Name: reprinted Genealogical Publlishing Co. in association with Burke's Peerage, Ltd; Location: London, repr. Baltimore; Date: 1883, repr. 1985;
      Page: p. 114
      Quality: 3
    4. Abbrev: Burke's Guide to the Royal Family
      Title: Burke's Guide to the Royal Family
      Publication: Name: Burke's Peerage; Location: London; Date: c1973;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: p. 326
      Quality: 3
    5. Abbrev: The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland: Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Historians, National Records and Other Authentic Documents, Public and Private
      Title: The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland: Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Historians, National Records and Other Authentic Documents, Public and Private
      Author: Blore, Thomas
      Publication: Name: R. Newcomb; Location: Stanford; Date: 1811;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 1 pt. 2 p. 228
      Quality: 3
    6. Abbrev: A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, Extinct, Dormant, and in Abeyance
      Title: A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, Extinct, Dormant, and in Abeyance
      Author: John Burke
      Publication: Name: Henry Colburn & Richard Bentley; Location: London; Date: 1831;
      Page: p. 498
      Quality: 3
    7. Abbrev: The Visitation of Shropshire, Taken in the Year 1623
      Title: The Visitation of Shropshire, Taken in the Year 1623
      Author: Treswell, Robert (main author)
      Publication: Name: Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volumes 28, 29; Location: London; Date: 1889;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 28 p. 104
      Quality: 3
    8. Abbrev: Welsh Genealogies, AD 300-1400
      Title: Welsh Genealogies, AD 300-1400
      Author: Bartrum, Peter C. (Peter Clement)
      Publication: Name: 25 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections. [Wales]: University of Wales Press; Date: 1980;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 2 p. 31, 56, 57*, 58, 68; vol. 5 p. 344 fn. 4
      Quality: 3
    9. Abbrev: Welsh Genealogies AD 1400-1500, 18 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections
      Title: Welsh Genealogies AD 1400-1500, 18 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections
      Author: Bartrum, Peter C. (Peter Clement)
      Publication: Name: Aberystwyth; Location: National Library of Wales; Date: 1983;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 6 p. 898
      Quality: 3
    10. Abbrev: British Genealogy (filmed 1950)
      Title: British Genealogy (filmed 1950)
      Author: Evans, Alcwyn Caryni
      Publication: Name: Books A to H. National Library of Wales manuscript numbers 12359-12360. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: book 2 p. B52*; book 3 p. C61*
      Quality: 3
    11. Abbrev: British Chronology
      Title: British Chronology
      Author: E. B. Fryde Greenway, S. Porter, and I. Roy
      Publication: Name: Offices of the Royal Historical Society. University College; Location: London; Date: 1986;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: p. 54, 55
      Quality: 3
    12. Abbrev: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fodog and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen and Meirionydd (1881-1887)
      Title: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fodog and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen and Meirionydd (1881-1887)
      Author: Lloyd, Jacob Youde William
      Publication: Name: 6 volumes. T. Richards; Location: London; Date: 1881-1887;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 1 p. 347*; vol. 2 p. 156; vol. 5 p. 43*, 43 fn. 3
      Quality: 3
    13. Abbrev: Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn
      Title: Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn
      Author: Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick
      Publication: Name: 2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees; Date: 1846;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 2 p. 115, 118, 242
      Quality: 3
    14. Abbrev: Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families
      Title: Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families
      Author: Richardson, Douglas
      Publication: Name: Kimball G. Everingham, editor.; Date: 2011;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 3 p. 104
      Quality: 3
    15. Abbrev: Burke's Guide to the Royal Family
      Title: Burke's Guide to the Royal Family
      Publication: Name: Burke's Peerage; Location: London; Date: c1973;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: p. 326
      Quality: 3
      Text: 1286/1287
    16. Abbrev: The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland: Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Historians, National Records and Other Authentic Documents, Public and Private
      Title: The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland: Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Historians, National Records and Other Authentic Documents, Public and Private
      Author: Blore, Thomas
      Publication: Name: R. Newcomb; Location: Stanford; Date: 1811;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 1 pt. 2 p. 228
      Quality: 3
      Text: 1286/1287
    17. Abbrev: British Chronology
      Title: British Chronology
      Author: E. B. Fryde Greenway, S. Porter, and I. Roy
      Publication: Name: Offices of the Royal Historical Society. University College; Location: London; Date: 1986;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: p. 55
      Quality: 3
      Text: 1286
    18. Abbrev: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fodog and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen and Meirionydd (1881-1887)
      Title: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fodog and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen and Meirionydd (1881-1887)
      Author: Lloyd, Jacob Youde William
      Publication: Name: 6 volumes. T. Richards; Location: London; Date: 1881-1887;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 2 p. 156; vol. 5. p. 43 fn. 3
      Quality: 3
    19. Abbrev: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition
      Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition
      Author: Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief
      Publication: Date: 1999;
      Page: 2506
    20. Abbrev: Burke's Guide to the Royal Family
      Title: Burke's Guide to the Royal Family
      Publication: Name: Burke's Peerage; Location: London; Date: c1973;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: p. 326
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