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  • ID: I22783
  • Name: William De Neville
  • Given Name: William
  • Surname: De Neville
  • Suffix: Baron, 1st. Earl Of Kent 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1400 in Raby-With-Keverstone, Staindrop, Durham, England 2
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: 8th son, 6th by second wife [Ref: CP VII p163], parents: [Ref: CP VII p163]
  • Death: 9 Jan 1463 in Northumberland, England 2
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: CP VII p163]
  • Burial: Guisborough, Redcar And Cleveland, Yorkshire, England 3
  • _UID: E71D07BC2D724BEFBC8F8295DD08F0FED590
  • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013 at 19:59
  • Note:
    EARL OF KENT
    EARLDOM OF KENT (X, 1) 1461 to 1463

    WILLIAM NEVILLE, 8th son of Ralph, Earl of WESTMORLAND, being 6th son by his 2nd wife, Joan, daughter of John, DUKE OF LANCASTER, m. before 28 Apr 1422, Joan, daughter and heir of Sir Thomas FAUCOMBERGE or FAUCONBERGE. On 1 Nov 1461 he was created EARL OF KENT. He dspm. legit. 9 Jan 1462/3, when the Earldom of Kent became extinct. [Complete Peerage VIII:163]


    BIBLIOGRAPHY:
    Cokayne, George Edward, Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. Gloucester: A Sutton, 1982.

    Reed, Paul C., William Neville (Earl of Kent). Posting to soc.genealogy.medieval (email list GEN-MEDIEVAL) on 5/7/1999-195421. Subject: Re: William Neville (Earl of Kent). Available at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/1999-05/0926106861. Author address: reedpcgen at aol dot com.
    RESEARCH NOTES:
    1st Earl of Kent, of Earldom cr 1461 [Ref: CP VII p163] Earl of Kent [Ref: CP VIII p275, CP II p418, CP III p404] Lord Fauconberge [Ref: CP III p404]

    died without legitimate male issue; heirs were his three daughters, Joan, Elizabeth, and Alice [Ref: Paul Reed SGM 5/7/1999-195421]
    Earl of Kent

    William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent KG (c. 1410 1463) and jure uxoris 6th Baron Fauconberg, was an English nobleman and soldier.

    Early life

    Born circa 1410, he was the second son of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and his second wife, Joan Beaufort.

    His mother was the legitimised daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford. John of Gaunt was the third surviving son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. William was therefore a great-grandson of Edward III. However, the terms of the legitimisation of the Beaufort family specifically excluded them or their descendants from succession to the throne.

    William was one of a number of the Neville sons to make a good match, marrying the Fauconberg heiress and taking the title Lord Fauconberg just as his nephew Richard Neville (Warwick the Kingmaker) married the Warwick heiress and became Earl of Warwick. William's marriage took place at some point before 1422. His wife Joan was 4 years older than him, and was described as an idiot from birth. The Fauconberg estates were in North Yorkshire, a centre of power for other members of the Neville family.

    The Lancastrian allegiance

    He seemingly had a conventional military career during the earlier part of Henry VI's reign. Knighted in May 1426, he was serving on the Scottish Borders in 1435. In 1436 he was serving with Richard, Duke of York, in France his first contact with a man who was later to receive his allegiance. By 1439 he was a field commander in France, with Lords Talbot and Scales. In 1440 he was made a Knight of the Garter.

    By 1443 he was back in England, and on the 7 March he took custody of Roxburgh castle. He was granted 1,000 per annum (around 1,000,000 at 2005 prices) during peace, twice this if at war with Scotland, and until 1448, satisfactory payment was made. However, in 1449 he returned to France as part of a diplomatic mission, and in May 1449 he was captured at Pont l'Arche in Normandy. While in captivity in France, he spent 2 years of his own income supporting the upkeep of the castle. In spite of a grant from Parliament in 1449, by 1451 he was owed 4,109. He was forced to settle for less.

    In 1453 he was ransomed (for 8,000 ecus) and freed from captivity. He still had the custody of Roxburgh castle, but was impoverished by maintaining this and by his captivity in France. By now he was owed 1,000 by the government. He settled this by accepting a grant of 1,000 marks from the customs at Newcastle. Not only was this only worth about two-thirds of the original amount, there was no guarantee that he would ever get the money. As Griffths says

    "What is so remarkable about his tale is that the Lancastrian crown could command [his] loyalty"

    Changing sides

    Until this point, he can be seen as a loyal member of the supporters of the House of Lancaster. However, at some time during the next two years, his allegiance began to change. He was a member of Richard, Duke of York's council during Henry VI's second period of madness. Although he was with the Lancastrian nobility at the first battle of St Albans (1455), after the battle he was appointed by York to be joint Constable of Windsor Castle.

    We cannot know why he changed sides. Did York (short of support among the nobility) try to gain Fauconberg's allegiance? As a member of the Neville clan, Fauconberg had good family reasons for siding with York, who was after all, his brother-in-law. Warwick (Fauconberg's nephew) begins his rise to fame after 1455, and Fauconberg would be associated with Warwick for the next five years. His treatment over the custody of Roxburgh Castle must have rankled.

    In the years 1455 1460, Fauconberg consolidated his position as a member of the Yorkist camp, and strengthened his position as an ally of Warwick. In 1457 he joined Warwick (appointed Captain of Calais) as his deputy. Warwick used Calais as a base for what was essentially piracy, and Fauconberg seems to have been happy to assist. He was in England in 1458, and in May he was briefly imprisoned in London but he was bailed by Warwick and returned to Calais.

    Yorkist captain

    After the Yorkist disaster at Ludford, he helped Warwick regain control of Calais. In June 1460 he provided the springboard for the Yorkist invasion of England by capturing and holding Sandwich. This port was to be used as a bridgehead, and on June 26 he was joined there by Edward of March (eldest son of Richard of York, and the future Edward IV of England), Salisbury (his elder brother) and Warwick. By early July they were in London, and on July 3 the Yorkist forces, led by Fauconberg and numbering as many as 10,000 men, headed north, meeting Henry VI's army at Northampton on the 10th. As was traditional, the Yorkist army split into 3 "battles," commanded by Fauconberg, Edward of March and Warwick. Fauconberg led the van (the leading army) and formed the right wing during the attack. Both his bravery and small stature were recorded in a Yorkist ballad "little Lord Fauconberg, a knight of great reverence".

    After the victory at Northampton, and with Warwick remaining in England, Fauconberg returned to Calais as Lieutenant, thus missing the Yorkist disasters at Wakefield and the second battle of St Albans. Early in 1461 he returned to England, joining the newly crowned Edward IV in London. On the 11th March, he led the vanguard of the Yorkist army north, and as at Northampton was in the van at the battle of Towton on the 29th. Victory there established the Yorkist supremacy.

    The spoils of victory

    The rewards of victory followed. He was made a member of the King's Council, and appointed Lieutenant of the North. On the 1st November he was created Earl of Kent, and appointed Steward of the Royal Household. In July 1462 he was appointed Lord Admiral, and in August that year he was granted 46 manors in the west country.

    Edward IV relied on him for both land and naval warfare. Following the victory at Towton, he took part in the gradual establishment of royal control in Northumberland, heading a garrison of 120 men at Newcastle in the summer of 1461, and taking part in the siege of Alnwick in November 1462. Between these dates he was back in Calais, raiding the Breton coast in August 1462, then burning le Conquet near Brest, and raiding the Ile de Re.

    He died on 9 January 1463, and was buried at Guisborough Priory, in the heart of his Fauconberg lands. He was survived by his wife, who died in 1490 at the age of 84 (thus living through the reigns of all the kings of the 15th century). He had 3 daughters from his marriage, and one acknowledged illegitimate son, Thomas Neville. Known as the Bastard of Fauconberg, he was to lead a revolt later in Edward IV's reign.

    William Nevill is an under-rated figure in the rise to power of the Yorkist regime. More successful as a military leader than the more famous Warwick, his reputation is summed up in Goodman's words:

    "No other veteran of the Anglo-French Wars won such distinction in the Wars of the Roses"

    External links

    * Lord Fauconberg's coat of arms
    * Neville Family Tree There are several Neville genealogy sites - this is one of the easiest to navigate

    References

    * Hicks Warwick the Kingmaker ISBN 0-631-23593-0
    * Ross Edward IV ISBN 0-413-54100-2
    * Goodman Wars of the Roses ISBN 0-7100-0728-0
    * Kendall Warwick the Kingmaker ISBN 1-84212-575-3
    * Griffiths Henry VI ISBN 0-7509-3777-7
    * Gillingham Wars of the Roses ISBN 1-84212-274-6
    * Wolffe Henry VI ISBN 0-300-08926-0
    * Storey End of the House of Lancaster ISBN 0-8629

    Source:

    Wikipedi




    Father: Ralph De Neville b: 1364 in Westmoreland, England
    Mother: Joan De Gaunt Plantagenet b: 1375 in Beaufort Castle, Beaufort, Anjou, France

    Marriage 1 Joan Faucomberge b: 18 Oct 1406
    • Married: Bef 28 Apr 1422
    • Note:
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
    • Change Date: 9 Nov 2009
    Children
    1. Has No Children Joan Neville b: Abt 1433
    2. Has Children Elizabeth Neville b: Abt 1435
    3. Has Children Alice Neville b: Abt 1437

    Marriage 2 Spouse Unknown
    • Married: 28 Apr 1422 in Alnwick, Northumberland, England 4
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      child: [Ref: CP V p284(h)]
    • Change Date: 11 Dec 2012
    Children
    1. Has No Children Thomas Fauconbridge

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Public Member Trees
      Title: Public Member Trees
      Author: Ancestry.com
      Publication: Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006;
      Note:
      Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006).
      Repository:
        Name: www.ancestry.com

      Page: Database online.
      Quality: 3
      Text: Record for Alice De Neville
    2. Abbrev: Public Member Trees
      Title: Public Member Trees
      Author: Ancestry.com
      Publication: Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006;
      Note:
      Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006).
      Repository:
        Name: www.ancestry.com

      Page: Database online.
      Quality: 3
      Text: Record for Joan de Fauconberg
    3. Abbrev: Online Resource
      Title: Online Resource
      Note:
      Online Resource.
      Page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gisborough_Priory
      Quality: 3
    4. Abbrev: Public Member Trees
      Title: Public Member Trees
      Author: Ancestry.com
      Publication: Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006;
      Note:
      Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006).
      Repository:
        Name: www.ancestry.com

      Page: Database online.
      Text: Record for Joan de Fauconberg
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