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  • ID: I25320
  • Name: Henry "Harry Hotspur" De Percy
  • Given Name: Henry "Harry Hotspur"
  • Surname: De Percy
  • Suffix: K.G., Lord Of Percy
  • Nickname: Harry Hotspur 1 2
  • Name: Harry Hotspur
  • Given Name: Harry Hotspur
  • Surname: 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 20 May 1364 in Alnwick, Northumberland, England 1 3
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES III.4 #712, Paget HRHCharles p21], parents: [Ref: Weis AR7 #19]
  • Death: 21 Jul 1403 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England 1 3
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES III.4 #712, Paget HRHCharles p21] 14 Aug 1403 [Ref: Weis AR7 #5] 1403 [Ref: CMH p892, CP II p508, Weis AR7 #19], place: [Ref: ES III.4 #712, Paget HRHCharles p21, Weis AR7 #19, Weis AR7 #5]
  • Burial: Whitchurch, Shropshire 1
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: ES III.4 #712]
  • Event: de Percy House 1
  • Event: Alt. Birth 20 May 1364 Alnwick, Northumberland, England
  • Event: Alt. Death 21 Jul 1403 Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England
  • Event: Ancestral File Number Cp:Ix-713, Es:Iii-712, AR:19-32
  • _UID: E346F6E6AE114B17B874CFA941A3811D4C2B
  • Change Date: 28 Aug 2012 at 19:14
  • Note:
    Henry IV, upon being brought the body after the battle, was said to have wept and ordered the body buried. Hotspur was buried in Whitchurch, Shropshire, but was later exhumed, by order of the same king, when rumours circulated that he was still alive. His body was first displayed in Shrewsbury, impaled on a spear, but was later cut up into four quarters and sent around all of England. His head was stuck on a pole at York's gates.
    KG; FOUGHT AT THE BATTLE OF OTTEBBOURN, NEAR THE CHEVIOT HILLS, NORTHUMBERLAND, WHERE JAMES, EARL OF DOUGLAS, WAS SLAIN, AND WHEREHE AND HIS BROTHER, SIR RALPH PERCY, WERE MADE PRISONERS; KILLED IN BATTLE; KNOWN AS "HOTSPUR"

    Sir Henry Percy, also called Harry Hotspur (May 20, 1364/1366 ? July 21, 1403) was the eldest son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, 4th Lord Percy of Alnwick. His mother was Margaret Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby (c. 1291 - 1367) and Alice de Audley. His nickname is suggestive of his impulsive nature. His date of birth is known but not the exact year of birth.

    Harry acquired a great reputation as a warrior, fighting against the Scots and the French. He fought against the Scottish forces of James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas at the Battle of Otterburn in August, 1388 and was captured, but later ransomed. He went to Calais in 1391 and served as governor of Bordeaux from 1393 to 1395.

    After his return from Valois Dynasty France, Harry joined with his father and helped depose King Richard II in favour of Henry of Bolingbroke, who later became King Henry IV.

    Later with his paternal uncle Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester, he led a rebellion against Henry IV in 1403, forming an alliance with the Welsh rebel, Owain Glyndwr. Before they could join forces, Hotspur was defeated and killed at the Battle of Shrewsbury when he raised his visor to get some air (as he was wearing plate armour which restricted air circulation) and was immediately hit in the mouth with an arrow and killed instantly.

    Henry IV, upon being brought the body, was said to have wept and ordered the body buried. He was buried in Whitchurch, Shropshire, but the king then decided to make an example to all those who would rebel; His body was exhumed, cut up into four quarters and sent around all of England. His head was stuck on a pole at York's gates. He is a major character in William Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1, though in the play he is portrayed as being of the same age as his main rival Prince Hal (Henry V of England), when in fact Hotspur was considerably older.

    He married Lady Elizabeth Mortimer, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March and Philippa. Philippa was daughter of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence and Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster. Lionel was son of Edward III of England and his consort Philippa of Hainault.

    Harry and Elizabeth had three children.
    (Wikipedia)

    He was the eldest son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, 4th Lord Percy of Alnwick. His mother was Margaret Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Raby (c. 1291 - 1367) and Alice de Audley. His nickname is suggestive of his impulsive nature. His date of birth is known but not the exact year of birth.
    Harry acquired a great reputation as a warrior, fighting against the Scots and the French. He fought against the Scottish forces of James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas at the Battle of Otterburn in August, 1388 and was captured, but later ransomed. He went to Calais in 1391 and served as governor of Bordeaux from 1393 to 1395.
    After his return from Valois Dynasty France, Harry joined with his father and helped depose King Richard II in favor of Henry of Bolingbroke, who later became King Henry IV.
    Later with his paternal uncle Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester, he led a rebellion against Henry IV in 1403, forming an alliance with the Welsh rebel, Owain Glyndwr. Before they could join forces, Hotspur was defeated and killed at the Battle of Shrewsbury when he raised his visor to get some air (as he was wearing plate armour which restricted air circulation) and was immediately hit in the mouth with an arrow and killed instantly.
    Henry IV upon being brought the body was said to have wept and ordered the body buried but then he had a change of heart and decided to make an example to all those who would rebel and cut his body up into four quarters and sent it around all of England and his head was stuck on a pole at York's gates. He is a major character in William Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1, though in the play he is portrayed as being of the same age as his main rival Prince Hal (Henry V of England), when in fact he was considerably older.
    He married Lady Elizabeth de Mortimer, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March and Philippa. Philippa was daughter of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence and Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster. Lionel was son of Edward III of England and his consort Philippa of Hainault.
    (Wikipedia)

    Henry Percy, Knight, commonly called Hotspur, eldest son and heir, born May 20, 1364. He very early displayed those martial talents, which have consecrated his name in history as one of the greatest chieftains of the English nation. Having received knighthood on July 16, 1377, when his father was created Earl of Northumberland, this young hero is said to have "first spread his banner" under his father at the storming of Berwick in 1379, when he was only 14 years old, "doing so valiantlie" that he deserved singular commendation. From that time he so continually exerted himself against the enemies of his country that from the furious heat of his incursions the Scots called him "Hotspur," and by a very unusual confirmation his own friends and countrymen adopted the appellation and made it their own. He was, indeed, what an old historian says of him, the pattern of all virtue and martial prowess. In 11th of Richard II, 1388, having been elected Knight of the Garter, the king caused to be delivered to him out of his own wardrobe a surcoat of white cloth. But that year, there being those at court who envied the fame that he had gained by his valour against the Scots, caused the king to send him to sea, there to repel the French, who threatened invasion, which service he readily undertook, and returned with much honour. At the Coronation of Richard II, 1377, this child of eleven years became Sir Harry Percy. He was born at Alnwick Castle May 20, 1366. In 1375 he accompanied his father and witnessed, if he did not share in the bloody fights between the Scots and the English. He was Governor of Berwick and Warden of the Marches toward Scotland 1386. Slew the Earl of Douglass with his own hand in Battle of Otterbourn 1387. Governor of Carlisle 1389, Governor of Bordeaux and Berwick 1393, Sheriff of Northampton, and obtained a grant for life of Castle and lordship of Bamburgh, the whole county, and Dominion of Anglesey, the Castle of Beaumaris, etc., 1400. He was slain at the Battle of Shrewsbury July 21, 1403, vita patris (in the lifetime of his father). He married Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, and his wife Philippa, only daughter and heiress of Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, third son of Edward III. and left by her an only son, Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, and this daughter, Elizabeth. His wife was living 5th of Henry V, 1418, when she had livery of the Manor of Newburn, settled upon her for term of life by 1st Earl of Northumberland, her late husband's father.
    (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 553)

    Henry Percy, called Hotspur, b. May 20, 1364, was the eldest son of Henry Percy first, Earl of Northumberland by his wife Margaret Neville, fourth Baron Neville of Raby. When thirteen years old he was knighted by Edward III, along with the future Richard II and Henry IV, who were almost of his own age. The next year he accompanied his father, when after a siege of nine days, his father recovered Bernick Castle from the Scots. He m. Elizabeth Mortimer.
    (Dunham Genealogy English and American Branches of the Dunham Family)

    Henry ('Harry Hotspur') (Sir), Kg (1388); born 20 May 1364;knighted 1377, accompanied his father in retaking Berwick Castlefrom the Scots 1378, Jt Warden of the Marches with his father1384; Governor of Berwick 1385, served in France in the areaaround Calais 1386, making raids there on the French; on 5 or 19Aug 1388 (other sources have 15 Aug, but the latest date seemsthe most plausible, not least because there was a full moon on20 August and the English attack came in the evening, withfighting continuing throughout the night) he launched an assaulton the encampment of an invading Scottish army at Otterburn, c30 miles northwest of Newcastle; 'Hotspur' and his brother SirRalph Percy were made prisoners, but James, 2nd Earl of Douglas,the Scottish general, was slain, a cross supposedly marking thespot being known as Percy's Cross; both sides claimed victory,but modern opinion inclines to the Scots; nevertheless not onlywere Hotspur and Sir Ralph captured the English popularimagination, keener to celebrate failure than succcess, and theballad 'Chevy Chase' resulted; the Scots have their own ballad,'Otterburn'; Hostspur was released by midsummer 1389; Warden ofCarlisle and the West March 1389-94 (also East March by late1398), Governor of Bordeaux 1393-95, joined forces with the 2ndDuke of Lancaster, afterward Henry IV, 1399, as did his father;confirmed as Warden of East March and Governor of Berwick andRoxburgh by Henry IV 1399, Justiciar of Cheshire, North Wales(1400-01), and Flint, Constable of Caernarvon, Chester, Conwayand Flint Castles 1400, also granted Anglesey with BeaumarisCastle, together with Lordship of Bamburgh Castle, for life1400, a commissioner to treat for peace with Scots 1401, acommander at Homildon Hill 1402; turned with his uncle andfather against Henry IV and fell at the Battle of Shrewbury 21July 1403; married by 1 May 1380, as her 1st husband, LadyElizabeth Mortimer (born 12 Feb 1371; married 2nd, as his 2ndwife, 1st Lord (Baron) Camoys and died 20 April 1417), daughterof 3rd Earl of March, by Philippa, granddaughter of Edward III.[Burke's Peerage]

    -----------------------------------------------

    Sir Henry de Percy, 'Harry Hotspur', b. 20 May 1364, dvp, slainat Shrewsbury 21 July 1403; m. before 10 Dec 1379 ElizabethMortimer. [Magna Charta Sureties]

    -----------------------------------------------

    Involved in revolt (1403-1405) against Henry IV. Knighted atShrewsbury before his death. He was attacking Shrewsbury becauseHenry IV's son who was to become Henry V was being protectedthere. Henry IV and his army met Harry Hotspur before the seigecould be established.

    Legend has it that Harry's death was foretold at Berwick.Naturally he assumed that meant Berwick-upon-Tweed, a major townof Northumberland/Scotland. The night before the Battle ofShrewsbury, Harry and his army camped in a little hamlet outsideShrewsbury. It was not until the next morning that Harry foundout that the Hamlet's name was Berwick. Harry died that day inthe battle.

    -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------

    Sir Henry Percy, byname HOTSPUR (b. May 20, 1364--d. July 21,1403, near Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng.), English rebel who ledthe most serious of the uprisings against King Henry IV (reigned1399-1413). His fame rests to a large extent on his inclusion asa major character in William Shakespeare's Henry IV.

    The eldest son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, hewas nicknamed Hotspur by his Scottish enemies in recognition ofthe diligence with which he patrolled the border between Englandand Scotland. He was captured and held for ransom by Scottishinvaders in 1388-89, and in 1399 he and his father played acrucial part in helping Henry Bolingbroke (afterward King HenryIV) overthrow King Richard II. Henry IV rewarded Hotspur withlands and offices in northern England and Wales, but the Percyswould not be content until they dominated the king. Theirstunning victory over the Scots at Homildon (Humbledon) Hill inDurham, in September 1402, contrasted with Henry's fruitlessattempts to suppress the Welsh rebel Owen Glendower.Nevertheless, Henry refused to allow Hotspur to ransom theScottish captives, and he delayed in paying the expenses ofHotspur's border warfare. Hence in 1403 Hotspur andNorthumberland decided to depose the king. Hotspur raised arebellion in Cheshire in July, but Henry intercepted him nearShrewsbury before he could join forces with his father. In theensuing battle Hotspur was killed. [Encyclop'dia Britannica CD'97, Encyclop'dia Britannica, Inc., c 1996]




    Father: Henry De Percy b: 10 Nov 1341 in Alnwick, Northumberland, England
    Mother: Margaret De Neville b: 1329 in Raby-With-Keverstone, Staindrop, Durham, England

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth De Mortimer b: 12 Feb 1371 in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
    • Married: 10 Dec 1379 in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
    • Note:
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
      _FREL Natural
      _MREL Natural
    • Change Date: 15 Sep 2011
    Children
    1. Has No Children Elizabeth De Percy b: 1395 in Alnwick, Northumberland, England
    2. Has Children Henry De Percy b: 3 Feb 1392 in Northumberland, England
    3. Has No Children Matilda Percy
    4. Has Children Elizabeth Percy b: 1390 in Warkworth Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Online Resource
      Title: Online Resource
      Note:
      Online Resource.
      Page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_%27Hotspur%27_Percy
      Quality: 3
    2. Abbrev: Public Member Trees
      Title: Public Member Trees
      Author: Ancestry.com
      Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.Original data: Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.;
      Note:
      Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.Original data: Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.), This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created.
      .
      Page: Ancestry Family Trees
      Quality: 3
      Text: h t t p : / / trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=4013448&pid=-473002014
    3. Abbrev: Online Resource
      Title: Online Resource
      Note:
      Online Resource.
      Page: h t t p : //wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=perr0025&id=I7405
      Quality: 3
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