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  • ID: I28441
  • Name: Otto I Von Sachsen
  • Given Name: Otto I
  • Surname: Von Sachsen
  • Suffix: Kaiser Des Heiligen Römischen Reiches 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
  • Name: The Great
  • Given Name:
  • Surname: The Great
  • Name: Of The Holy Roman Empire
  • Given Name: Of The Holy Roman Empire
  • Surname:
  • Name: King Of Germany I Otto
  • Given Name: King Of Germany I
  • Surname: Otto 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 23 Nov 912 in Memleben, Saxony, Germany 7 2 9 11 13
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #3, ES I.1 #10, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Paget HRHCharles p6, Weis AR7 #45] 22 Nov 912 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p25] 912 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p34, Watney WALLOP #439, Weis AR7 #147], parents: [Ref: ES I #3, ES I.1 #10, Moriarty Plantagenet p25, Watney WALLOP #439, Weis AR7 #147], father: [Ref: CMH p424, Tapsell Dynasties p171]
  • Christening: 967 Magdenburg
  • Death: 7 May 973 in Memleben, Saxony, Germany 8 15 10 20
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #3, ES I.1 #10, ES II #186 (as replaced in III.1), ES II #78, ES III.4 #736, Moriarty Plantagenet p25, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Paget HRHCharles p6, Weis AR7 #147, Weis AR7 #45] 973 [Ref: CMH p424, ES I #57, Moriarty Plantagenet p34, Tapsell Dynasties p171, Watney WALLOP #183, Watney WALLOP #439, Watney WALLOP #879], place: [Ref: ES I #3, ES I.1 #10, Moriarty Plantagenet p25, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Weis AR7 #147]
  • Burial: Magdeburg, Sachsen, Deutschland 15
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: ES I.1 #10]
    21
  • Event: Ruled 936-973
  • Event: Alt. Christening Emperor, 936
  • Event: Alt. Christening Magdenburg
  • Residence: Otto I The Great Emperador Romano Y Rey Germano
  • Residence: Germany
  • Event: Alt. Christening Emperor, 936
  • Event: Alt. Christening Emperor, 936
  • Event: Alt. Christening Magdenburg
  • Event: Alt. Christening Magdenburg
  • Event: Alt. Christening Abt 967 Pavia - Crowned Emperor Otto The Great
  • Event: Title (Facts Pg)
  • Note: King Of Germany 5
  • Event: Alt. Death 7 May 973
  • Note: Membleben,Sachsen,Preussen,GERMANY
  • Event: Alt. Burial
  • Note: Magdeburg, Sachsen-Anhalt,Preussen, Germany
  • _UID: E51F2A85EA53374282148C2B36C3F03EDD29
  • Change Date: 12 Feb 2013 at 12:17
  • Note:
    Holy Roman Emp,Kg 936-973
    ==Otto I "der Große"==
    ==Otto I "the Great" ==
    '''Links'''
    *[http://thepeerage.com/p10325.htm#i103241 The Peerage]
    *[http://www.geneall.net/D/per_page.php?id=68157 Geneall]
    *'''King of Germany''' (formally King of East Francia, auf deutsch "Ostfränkischer König") Reign 2. July 936 – 7. May 973 Coronation 7. August 936 Aachen Cathedral
    >'''Predecessor:''' [http://www.geni.com/people/index/6000000000444676198 Henry "the Fowler"] '''Successor:''' [http://www.geni.com/people/index/6000000001157050100 Otto II]
    *'''King of Italy''' (formally King of the Lombards, auf deutsch "König von Italien") Reign 10. October 951 – 7. May 973
    >'''Predecessor:''' [http://www.geni.com/people/index/6000000005936551695 Berengar II] '''Successor:''' [http://www.geni.com/people/index/6000000001157050100 Otto II]
    *'''Holy Roman Emperor''' or "Römischer Kaiser " (auf deutsch) Reign 2. February 962 – 7 May 973 Coronation 2. February 962 St. Peter's Basilica, Rome
    >'''Predecessor:''' First Roman-German Emperor '''Successor:''' [http://www.geni.com/people/index/6000000001157050100 Otto II]
    *'''Duke of Saxony''', (auf deutsch "Herzog von Sachsen") Reign 2. July 936 – 7. May 973
    >'''Predecessor:''' [http://www.geni.com/people/index/6000000000444676198 Henry "the Fowler"] '''Successor:''' [http://www.geni.com/people/index/6000000001183913030 Herman I]
    *'''Wikipedia''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor English ]
    ---------------
    [chaelrneuman.ged]

    Otto I (Holy Roman Empire), called Otto the Great (912-73), Holy Roman emperor (962-73), king of Germany (936-73), the son of the German king Henry I. After subduing an uprising of nobles incited by his brother, Otto consolidated his kingdom by granting duchies to faithful relatives and followers. In 951 he marched to Italy to assist Adelaide, the widowed queen of Lombardy, against Berengar II, who had usurped the kingdom. Otto defeated Berengar and married Adelaide, thereby becoming ruler of northern Italy. When he returned to Germany, he again crushed a rebellion of nobles led by his son Liudolf and halted a Hungarian invasion in 955. In 962 he was crowned Holy Roman emperor. In 963 he deposed Pope John XII and had Leo VIII elected in his stead. Otto sought to make the church subordinate to the authority of the empire but assisted in spreading Christianity throughout his domain. He negotiated unsuccessfully with the Byzantine emperor Nicephorus II Phocas for an alliance between the Byzantine and Holy Roman empires, but was able to arrange a marriage between his son Otto II and Theophano, daughter of the Byzantine emperor Romanus II.

    Encarta? 98 Desk Encyclopedia © & 1996-97 Microsoft Corporation.
    All rights reserved.
    ----------------------------------------------------
    Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Otto I the Great (November 23, 912 - May 7, 973), son of Henry I the Fowler, king of the Germans, and Matilda of Ringelheim, was Duke of the Saxons, King of the Germans and arguably the first Holy Roman Emperor[1](Whi le Charlemagne had been crowned emperor in 800, his empire was divided amongst his grandsons, and following the assassination of Berengar of Friuli in 924, the imperial title lay vacant for nearly forty years.)

    Early reign
    Otto succeeded his father as king of the Germans in 936. He arranged for his coronation to be held in Charlemagne's former capital, Aachen, where he was anointed by the archbishop of Mainz, primate of the German church. According to the Saxon historian Widukind of Corvey, at his coronation banquet he had the four other dukes of the empire, those of Franconia, Swabia, Bavaria and Lorraine, act as his personal attendants: Arnulf I of Bavaria as marshal (or stablemaster), Herman of Swabia as cupbearer (lat. pincerna or buticularius), Eberhard III of Franconia as steward (or seneschal), and Gilbert of Lorraine as chamberlain. Thus from the outset of his reign he signalled that he was the successor to Charlemagne, whose last heirs had died out in 911, and that he had the German church, with its powerful bishops and abbots, behind him. Otto intended to dominate the church and use that sole unifying institution in the German lands in order to establish an institution of theocratic imperial power. The Church offered wealth, military manpower and its monopoly on literacy. For his part the Emperor offered protection against the nobles, the promise of endowments, and a developing chancelry as an avenue to power as his ministeriales.

    In 938, a rich vein of silver was discovered at the Rammelsberg in Saxony. This ore body would provide much of Europe's silver, copper, and lead for the next two hundred years, and this mineral wealth helped fund Otto 's activities throughout his reign.

    Otto's early reign was marked by a series of ducal revolts. In 938, Eberhard, the new duke of Bavaria, refused to pay Otto homage. When Otto deposed him in favor of his uncle Berthold, Eberhard of Franconia revolted, together with several of the Saxon nobility, who tried to depose Otto in favor of his elder half-brother Thankmar (son of Henry's first wife Hatheburg). While Otto was able to defeat and kill Thankmar in 936, the revolt continued the next year when Gilbert, the Duke of Lorraine, swore fealty to King Louis IV of France. Meanwhile, Otto's younger brother Henry conspired with the Archbishop of Mainz to assassinate him. The rebellion ended in 939 with Otto's victory at the Battle of Andernach, where the dukes of Franconia and Lorraine both perished. Henry fled to France, and Otto responded by supporting Hugh the Great in his campaign against the French crown, but in 941 Otto and Henry were reconciled through the efforts of their mother, and the next year Otto withdrew from France after Louis recognized his suzerainty over Lorraine.

    To prevent further revolts, Otto arranged for all the important duchies in the German kingdom to be held by close family members. He kept the now-vacant duchy of Franconia as a personal fiefdom, while in 944 he bestowed the duchy of Lorraine upon Conrad the Red, who later married his daughter Liutgard. Meanwhile, he arranged for his son Liutdolf to marry Ida, the daughter of Duke Herman of Swabia, and to inherit that duchy when Herman died in 947. A similar arrangement led to Henry becoming duke of Bavar ia in 949.

    Campaigns in Italy and eastern Europe:

    Meanwhile, Italy had fallen into political chaos. On the death (950), possibly by poisoning, of Lothair of Arles, the Italian throne was inherited by a woman, Adelaide of Italy, the respective daughter, daughter-in-la w, and widow of the last three kings of Italy. A local noble, Berengar of Ivrea, declared himself king of Italy, abducted Adelaide, and tried to legitimize his reign by forcing Adelaide to marry his son Adalbert. However, Adelaide escaped to Canossa and requested German intervention. Luitdolf and Henry independently invaded northern Italy to take advantage of the situation, but in 951 Otto frustrated his son's and his brother 's ambitions by invading Italy himself, forcing Berengar to swear fealty, and then, having been widowed since 946, marrying Adelaide.

    This marriage triggered another revolt. When Adelaide bore a son, Liutdolf feared for his position as Otto's heir, and in 953 he rebelled in league with Conrad the Red and the Archbishop of Mainz. While Otto was initially successful in reasserting his authority in Lorraine, he was captured while attacking Mainz, and by the next year, the rebellion had spread throughout the kingdom. However, Conrad and Luitdolf erred by allying themselves with the Magyars. Extensive Magyar raids in southern Germany in 954 compelled the German nobles to reunite, and at the Diet of Auerstadt, Conrad and Luitdolf were stripped of their titles and Otto's authority reestablished. In 955, Otto cemented his authority by routing Magyar forces at the Battle of Lechfeld.

    The Ottonian system:
    A key part of Otto's domestic policy lay in strengthening ecclesiastical authorities, chiefly bishops and abbots, at the expense of the secular nobility who threatened his own power. To control the forces that the Church represented, Otto had recourse to three institutions of which he made consistent use. One was the royal investiture of bishops and abbots with the symbols of their offices, both spiritual, for Otto was the anointed King of the Germans, and temporal, in which Otto secured his bishops and abbots as his vassals through a commendation ceremony. "Under these conditions clerical election became a mere formality in the Ottonian empire, and the king filled up the ranks of the episcopate with his own relatives and with his loyal chancery clerks, who were also appointed to head the great monasteries" (Cantor, 1994 p213). The second institution was more securely established in Ottonian terrirories, that of the proprietary churches ( Eigenkirchen; in English law the right of "advowson"). In German law, any structure built on land owned by a lord belonged to that lord, unless a charter had very specifically conveyed away those rights. Otto and his chancery aggressively reclaimed proprietary rights over many landed churches and abbeys. The third instrument of Ottonian power was the system of the advocatus (German Vogt). The advocatus was a secular manager of ecclesiastical estates, who was entitled to a certain shares of the agricultural produce and other revenues and was responsible for safety and good order. Unlike countships, which quickly became hereditary, the Vogt performed the duties of a West Frankish bailli and held his position solely at the continued will of the emperor whom he served.

    Otto endowed the bishoprics and abbeys with large tracts of land, over which secular authorities had neither the power of taxation nor legal jurisdiction. In an extreme example, when Conrad the Red was stripped of his ducal title in Lorraine, Otto appointed his brother Bruno, already the Archbishop of Cologne as the new duke of Lorraine. In the lands Otto conquered from the Wends and other Slavic peoples on his eastern borders, he founded several new bishoprics.

    Because Otto personally appointed the bishops and abbots, these reforms strengthened his central authority, and the upper ranks of the German church functioned in some respect as an arm of the imperial bureaucracy. Conflict over these powerful bishoprics between Otto's successors and the growing power of the Papacy during the Gregorian Reforms would eventually lead in the 11th century to the Investiture Conflict and the undoing of central authority in Germany.

    The "Ottonian Renaissance"
    Main article: Ottonian Renaissance.
    A limited renaissance of the arts and architecture depended on court patro nage of Otto and his immediate successors. The "Ottonian Renaissance" was manifest in some revived cathedral schools, such as that of Bruno I, Archbishop of Cologne, and in the production of illuminated manuscripts, the major art form of the age, from a handful of elite scriptoria, such as Quedlinburg, founded by Otto in 936. The Imperial abbeys and the Imperial court became the centers of religious and spiritual life, led by the example of women of the royal family. Otto was scandalized by the state of the liturgy in Rome, so he commissioned the first ever Pontifical Book, a liturgical book containing both prayers and ritual instruction. The compilation of the Romano-Germanic Pontifical, as it is now called, was overseen by Archbishop Wilhelm of Mainz.

    Imperial title
    In the early 960s, Italy was again in political turmoil, and when Bereng ar occupied the northern Papal States, Pope John XII asked Otto for assistance. Otto returned to Italy and on February 2, 962, the pope crowned him emperor. (Translatio imperii.) Ten days later, the pope and emperor ratified the Diploma Ottonianum, in which the emperor became the guarantor of the independence of the papal states. This was the first effective power to guarantee such protection since the Carolingian Empire. After Otto left Rome and reconquered the Papal States from Berengar, however, John became fearful of the emperor's power and sent envoys to the Magyars and the Byzantine Empire to form a league against Otto. In November of 963, Otto returned to Rome and convened a synod of bishops that deposed John and crowned Leo VIII, at that time a layman, as pope. When the emper or left Rome, however, civil war broke out in the city between those who supported the emperor and those who supported John. John returned to power amidst great bloodshed and excommunicated those who had deposed him, forcing Otto to return to Rome a third time in July of 964 to depose Pope Benedict V (John having died two months earlier). On this occasion, Otto extracted from the citizens of Rome a promise not to elect a pope without imperial approval.

    Otto unsuccessfully campaigned in southern Italy on several occasions from 966-972. In 967, he gave the duchy of Spoleto to Pandulf Ironhead, prince of Benevento and Capua, a powerful ally in the Mezzogiorno. In the next year (968) Otto left the siege of Bariin the charge of Pandulf, but the allied duke was captured in the battle of Bovino by the Byzantine s. In 972, the Byzantine emperor John I Tzimisces recognized Otto's imperial title and agreed to a marriage between Otto's son and heir Otto II and his niece Theophano. Pandulf was released from captivity.

    After his death in 973 he was buried next to his first wife Edith of Wess ex in the Cathedral of Magdeburg.

    [rocks.ged]

    936-973
    He was designated as successor to his father in 936, and crowned on 7 Aug 936, at Aachen, Germany. He defeated the Magyars at Lechfeld in 955, and defeated Danes, Slavs, and Wends (Baltic Slavs) during his reign. He was proclaimed King of Italy in 951, and crowned Emperor by the Pope at Rom e in 962. His wife Edgitha of England was the sister of King Athelstan. The two Kings exchanged books to commemorate the marriage, and these are still extant. She died in 946. Otto then married Adelheid, the widow of Lothair of Italy. He was crowned Emperor in Rome by the Pope on 2 Feb 962.
    Alt Death: 7 May 973 Memleben, Saxony, Germany[brucedjohnson.ged]

    pg 126, 160 & 199, "Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists etc" by Frederick Lewis Weiss, 6th E dition

    also thanks to Mark Willis Ballard[807.ged]

    Custom Field:<_FA#> KING de ITALY & LORRAINE
    Custom Field:<_FA#> EMPEROR de ROME
    Name Suffix:<NSFX> [KING OF THE GER
    Ancestral File Number:<AFN> 8HR7-TX
    OCCUPATION: King of Germany 939-973, Emperor 962-973; Crowned 962.Spent early years of rei gn in subduing revolts of nobles; aidedADELAIDE, Queen of Lombardy, against BERENGAR II (951 ); marriedADELAIDE; defeated Hungarians in great battle of the Lechfield (955);defeated BER ENGER II (961). Coronation (962) revived the empire ofCHARLEMAGNE. Deposed Pope John XII . His son OTTO crowned as joint emperor (967) by Pope John XIII. ADELAIDE was dau. of King RUDOLPH II of Burgundy who m. LOTHAIR, son of King HUGH of Italy. She was imprisoned by BERENGER II, appealed to OTTO I who came to herrescue and married her, his second wife. As queen mother during reignof her son OTTO II (973-983), she had much influence in administering the state affairs. Joint regent with Empress THEOPHANO for OTTO III. She died in cloister in Selz, Alsace , 16 Dec. 999.Otto I, Holy Roman emperor (962-73), king of Germany (936-73), the son of the German king Henry I.
    After subduing an uprising of nobles incited by his brother, Otto consolidated his kingdom by granting duchies to faithful relatives and followers. In 951, he marched to Italy to assist Adelaide, the widowed queen of Lombardy (931?-99), against Berengar II (died 966), who had usurped the kingdom. Otto defeated Berengar and married Adelaide, thereby becoming ruler of northern Italy. When he returned to Germany, he again crushed a rebellion of nobles led by his son, Liudolf, and halted a Hungarian invasion in 955. In 962, he was crowned Holy Roman emperor. In 963, he deposed Pope John XII and had Leo VIII (died 965) elected in his stead. Otto sought to make the church subordinate to the authority of the empire but assisted in spreading Christianity throughout his domain. He negotiated unsuccessfully with the Byzantine emperor, Nicephorus II Phocas (913?-69), for an alliance between the Byzantine and Holy Roman empires, but was able to arrange a marriage between his son, Otto II, and Theophano (955?-91), daughter of the Byzantine emperor Romanus II (939-63).

    ********

    RESEARCH NOTES:
    King of Germany [Ref: Weis AR7 #147, ES I.1 #10] Holy Roman Emperor [Ref: Weis AR7 #45, Weis AR7 #147, ES I.1 #10] Duke of Saxony [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p215]

    936-961: Duke of Saxony, as Otto II [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p215]

    936: Holy Roman Emperor [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p171]

    936: King of Germany [Ref: ES I.1 #10]

    939-973: King of Germany [Ref: Weis AR7 #147]

    Feb 2 962: Holy Roman Emperor [Ref: ES I.1 #10]

    962-973: Emperor [Ref: Weis AR7 #147]

    ----- Europaische Stammtafeln I.1 #10 ("Die Liudolfinger (Ottonen), Konige und Kaiser des Heiligen Romischen Reiches 919-1024"): Otto I der Grosse 930 Mit-Kg, 78.VIII 936 Deutscher Konig, Rom 2.II 962 Kaiser *23.XI 912 d. Memleben 7.V 973 u. Magdeburg Dom; m1 IX 929 Ed(g)itha d. 26.I 946 u. Magdeburg Dom T v Eduard (Edward) d A Kg der Angelsachsen; m2 Pavia X/XI 951 Adelheid v Burgund (Welfen) d. Kl.Selz/Elsass 16.XII 999 u. ibid Wwe v Lothat 941 Mit-Kg v Italien (Arles) T v Kg Rudolf II; children: (aus d Verbindung mit einter vornehmen Slawin): Wilhelm, by I: Liudolf, Liutgard, by II: Heinrich, Brun, Mathilde, Otto II [Ref: ES I.1 #10]
    KNOWN AS "THE GREAT"; KING OF GERMANY 939-973; EMPORER OF GERMANY 962-973
    b 990

    Otto I The Great King of Germany was the first king to become Holy Roman Emperor. He became King of Germany in 936 and ruled all ofGermany. In 951, he crossed the Alps and declared himself the king ofItaly. He was forced to return to Germany when the other Germanprinces began a series of revolts. At the same time the Slavs inPoland and Bohemia revolted, and the Magyars, or Hungarians, invaded Germany. Otto crushed the Magyars in the battle ofthe Lech River in 955. The Poles and Bohemians were forced to accepthis rule. Otto was able to replace most of the rebellious Germanprinces with members of his own family. The young king of Arles, or Burgundy, also had to accept his rule. Otto then turned his attention toward Italy. He married the widow of an earlier Italian king, and defeated a rival for the throne. In 961, Otto crossed the Alps in answer to an appeal from Pope John XII to put down an uprising in Rome. For this service, Otto was crowned in 962 emperor of what was later known as the Holy Roman Empire.

    NPFX Emperor GIVN Otto I The Great of SURN Germany NSFX HR Emperor* ABBR Otto I Holy Roman Emperor - d. 7 April 973 in Thur TITL Otto I Holy Roman Emperor - d. 7 April 973 in Thuringia: Page 42 "The Holy Roman Empire" Heer. EVEN Italy TYPE Ruled DATE BET 961 AND 973 Otto I The Great, son of Henry the Fowler of Germany, became king ofItaly in 961, when he succeeded Berengarius II of Ivrea to the throne.From then on the kingdom of Italy became subject to the Holy Roman Empire from 961 to 1861. ABBR SOURCE #337 TITL Kingdom's of Europe, Illustrated Encyclopedia of Ruling Monarchs FromAncient Times to the Present AUTH Gene Gurney PUBL Crown Publishers, New York. 1982 PAGE Gurney page 48. EVEN Germany TYPE Ruled DATE BET 962 AND 973 Otto I, called the Great, son of Henry I the Fowler King, succeededhis father as King of Imperial Germany in 936. He then became HolyRoman Emperor in 962, and ruled as King/Emperor until 973. He wassucceeded by his son, Otto II. ABBR SOURCE #337 TITL Kingdom's of Europe, Illustrated Encyclopedia of Ruling Monarchs FromAncient Times to the Present AUTH Gene Gurney PUBL Crown Publishers, New York. 1982 PAGE Gurney page 262. EVEN Austria TYPE Ruled DATE ABT 950 Otto I, the Illustrious, son of Henry the Fowler, and Holy Roman Emperor, defeated the Magyars who had overrun the Danubian area, and reorganized the area of Austria as a dependency of the dukes of Bavaria. The Babenberg margraves ruled Austria between 976-1246. ABBR SOURCE #364 TITL Grolier Encyclopedia. PUBL Grolier Electronic Publishing, Inc. PAGE Austria. EVEN Rome TYPE Coronation DATE 962 PLAC Rome Otto I Holy Roman Emperor was crowned 962 in Rome. He made Magdeburgas his unofficial German imperial capital. He haad the MagdeburgCathedral built at this town. ABBR Trager's Chronology PAGE Henrickson's Chronicles 961AD-970

    HIST OTTO I THE GREAT, KING OF GERMANY,HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR, SON OF HENRY I KING OF GERMANY. AFTER SUBDUING AN UPRISING INCITED BY HIS BROTHER, OTTO CONSOLIDATED HIS KINGDOM BY GRANTING DUCHIES TO FAITHFUL RELATIVES AND FOLLOWERS. IN 951, HE MARCHED DATE 2 MAY 2000

    EVEN TYPE Title (Facts Pg) PLAC Rex Francorum - 'Le Grand'

    Otto the Great. Holy Roman Emperor.
    acceded 8 aug 936. Holy Roman Emperor, Duke of Saxony.

    Weis' "Ancestral Roots"

    King of Germany King of Italy Emperor of the West

    he was also king of germany

    BIOGRAPHY: BIBLIOGRAPHY:
    Moriarty, George Andrews, Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III And Queen Philippa. Salt Lake: Mormon Pioneer Genealogical Society, 1985. LDS Film#0441438. nypl#ARF-86-2555.

    BIOGRAPHY: Paget, Gerald, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales. London: Charles Skilton Ltd, 1977. Nypl ARF+ 78-835.

    BIOGRAPHY: Previte-Orton, C. W., The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History, Cambridge: University Press, 1952. Chatham 940.1PRE.

    BIOGRAPHY: Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series, Marburg: J.A. Stargardt, 1978-.

    BIOGRAPHY: Tapsell, R. F., Monarchs, Rulers, Dynasties and Kingdoms of the World. New York: Facts on File Publications, 1983.

    BIOGRAPHY: Watney, Vernon James, The Wallop Family and their Ancestry, Oxford:John Johnson, 1928. LDS Film#1696491 items 6-9.

    BIOGRAPHY: Weis, Frederick Lewis, Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists, 6th Edition, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co, 1988. Data not yet checked against 7th Edition.

    BIOGRAPHY: Weis, Frederick Lewis, with additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, Assisted by David Faris, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before 1700, 7th Edition, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co, 1992.
    Note:
    RESEARCH NOTES:
    King of Germany 939-973, Emperor 962-973 [Ref: Weis AR7 #147] Holy Roman Emperor [Ref: Weis AR7 #45]

    BIOGRAPHY: 936-961: Duke of Saxony, as Otto II [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p215]

    BIOGRAPHY: 936: Holy Roman Emperor [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p171]
    Birth: Nov 23 912
    Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #3, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Paget HRHCharles p6, Weis AR7 #45] 912 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p34, Watney WALLOP #439, Weis AR7 #147] Nov 22 912 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p25], parents: [Ref: ES I #3, Moriarty Plantagenet p25, Watney WALLOP #439, Weis AR7 #147], father: [Ref: CMH p424, Tapsell Dynasties p171]
    Death: May 7 973 in Memleben
    Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #3, ES II #186new, ES II #78, ES III #736, Moriarty Plantagenet p25, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Paget HRHCharles p6, Weis AR7 #147, Weis AR7 #45] 973 [Ref: CMH p424, ES I #57, Moriarty Plantagenet p34, Tapsell Dynasties p171, Watney WALLOP #183, Watney WALLOP #439, Watney WALLOP #879], place: [Ref: ES I #3, Moriarty Plantagenet p25, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Weis AR7 #147]


    BIOGRAPHY: Father: Henry I The Fowler King Of The Saxons b: 876
    Mother: Mechtilde Of Ringleheim b: Abt 890

    BIOGRAPHY: Marriage 1 Eadgyth
    Married: 929
    Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #3, ES II #78] 929 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p31, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Paget HRHCharles p6] 929/30 [Ref: Weis AR7 #45] 930 [Ref: Watney WALLOP #439, Watney WALLOP #879] first marriage of Otto [Ref: CMH p424, Weis AR7 #147], names: [Ref: CMH p382, Moriarty Plantagenet p252, Weis AR #147, Weis AR7 #192]
    Children:
    Richilde
    Mathilda Abbess Of Quadlingburg
    Liudolf Duke Of Swabia b: 930
    Luitgarde b: Abt 931

    BIOGRAPHY: Marriage 2 Saint Adelaide Of Lombardy b: 931/32
    Married: Oct 951
    Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I #57, ES II #186, ES II #186new, ES III #736, Moriarty Plantagenet p87] 951 [Ref: ES I #3] after 951 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p34, Weis AR7 #147] second marriage of both [Ref: CMH p424], names: [Ref: Watney WALLOP #183, Watney WALLOP #439]
    Children
    William Archbishop Of Mainz
    Otto II Holy Roman Emperor b: 955
    Matilda Abbess Of Quedinburg b: 956




    Father: Heinrich Von Sachsen b: in Sachsen c: 876
    Mother: Mathilda Mechtilde Von Von Ringelheim b: 14 Mar 892 in Saxony, Germany c: in Of Ringleheim, Germany

    Marriage 1 Ædgyth (Edith) Of Wessex b: 893 in Wessex, England c: in Magdeburg
    • Married: 930 in Quedlinburg, Herzogtum Sachsen, Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES I.1 #10] 929 [Ref: ES I #3, ES II #78, Moriarty Plantagenet p31, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Paget HRHCharles p6] 929/30 [Ref: Weis AR7 #45] 930 [Ref: Watney WALLOP #439, Watney WALLOP #879] first marriage of Otto [Ref: CMH p424, Weis AR7 #147], names: [Ref: CMH p382], child: [Ref: CMH p424, ES I #3, ES I.1 #10, Moriarty Plantagenet p252, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Watney WALLOP #439, Weis AR7 #192, Weis AR7 #45]
      Sources with Inaccurate Information:
      child: Judith of Marchtal (#21827) wife of Conrad I Duke of Swabia [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p53, Paget HRHCharles p222, Weis AR7 #241] Mathilda Abbess of Quadlingburg (#24539) [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p87]
    • Change Date: 12 Feb 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children Liudolf Von Schwaben b: 930 in Wittenberg, Thuringia (Present Saxony-Anhalt), Austrasia, Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
    2. Has Children Regelindis (Richilde Richlind) Van Saksen-Ludolf b: Abt 950 in Sachsen, Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    3. Has Children Luitgarde Von Schwaben b: Abt 931 in Saxony, Germany

    Marriage 2 Adelaide De Bourgogne b: Abt 931 in Burgundy, France
    • Married: Abt 951 in Pavia
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES I #57, ES II #186 (as replaced in III.1), ES II #186, ES III.4 #736, Moriarty Plantagenet p87] 951 [Ref: ES I #3] X/XI 951 [Ref: ES I.1 #10] after 951 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p34, Weis AR7 #147] second marriage of both [Ref: CMH p424] second marriageof Adelheid [Ref: Brandenburg 1995 p8], place: [Ref: ES I.1 #10], names: [Ref: Watney WALLOP #183], child: [Ref: CMH p424, ES I #3, ES I.1 #10, Moriarty Plantagenet p87, Watney WALLOP #439, Weis AR7 #147]
      Sources with Inaccurate Information:
      child: dotted line to William Archbishop of Mainz (#24540) [Ref: CMH p424]
    • Event: Alt. Marriage 3
    • Event: Alt. Marriage Aft 951
    • Note: Nordhausen,Sachsen,Preussen,GERMANY (Both 2nd Marr) 19
    • Change Date: 17 Jan 2013
    Children
    1. Has No Children Brun b: Abt 953
    2. Has Children Otto II Von Sachsen b: Abt 945 in Emperor c: Abt 973 in Germany - Saxon King & Emperor
    3. Has No Children Matilde Princess Of The Holy Roman Empire b: Abt 956 in , Saxony, Germany
    4. Has No Children Mathilda Abbess Of Quadlingburg b: 955
    5. Has No Children William Archbishop Of Mainz b: 929

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcom of Scotland, Robert
      Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcom of Scotland, Robert
      Author: Weis, Frederick Lewis
      Publication: Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992

      7th edition, with Additions and Corrections by Walter L. Sheppard, Jr. Assisted by David Faris.

      Formerly Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650
      Note:
      TITL Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcom of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and some of their descendants

      7th Edition, with additions and corrections by Walter LeeABBR Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists
      Citations without the word "page" are Line number-Person number.

      Source: Bibliography for Research in British and Continental Royal and Noble Lineages and Heraldry <http://book-smith.tripod.com/book-4.html> | First published in 1950, this classic impr
      Page: 241:4; 147:19
      Quality: 3
      Text: QUAY 3
    2. Abbrev: Nuevo funeral de Editha, Princess of England (Eadgyth of Wessex) and Empress of Germany.jpg
      Title: Nuevo funeral de Editha, Princess of England (Eadgyth of Wessex) and Empress of Germany.jpg
    3. Abbrev: brucedjohnson.ged
      Title: brucedjohnson.ged
      Note:
      brucedjohnson.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
    4. Abbrev: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcom of Scotland, Robert
      Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcom of Scotland, Robert
      Author: Weis, Frederick Lewis
      Publication: Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992

      7th edition, with Additions and Corrections by Walter L. Sheppard, Jr. Assisted by David Faris.

      Formerly Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650
      Note:
      TITL Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before1700: the lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcom of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and some of their descendants

      7th Edition, with additions and corrections by Walter LeeABBR Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists
      Citations without the word "page" are Line number-Person number.

      Source: Bibliography for Research in British and Continental Royal and Noble Lineages and Heraldry <http://book-smith.tripod.com/book-4.html> | First published in 1950, this classic impr
      Page: 192:20
      Quality: 3
      Text: QUAY 3
    5. Abbrev: brownlee.ged
      Title: brownlee.ged
      Note:
      brownlee.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
    6. Abbrev: The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarcy
      Title: The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarcy
      Author: John Cannon & Ralph Griffiths
      Publication: Oxford University Press, 1998, 2000 ISBN 0-19-289328-9
    7. Abbrev: chaelrneuman.ged
      Title: chaelrneuman.ged
      Note:
      chaelrneuman.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
    8. Abbrev: Royalty for Commoners
      Title: Royalty for Commoners
      Author: Stuart, Roderick W.
      Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co.
      Note:
      ABBR Royalty for Commoners
      NS386753

      Source Media Type: Book
    9. Abbrev: Welf IV.ged
      Title: Welf IV.ged
      Note:
      Welf IV.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
    10. Abbrev: Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England between 1623 and 1650
      Title: Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England between 1623 and 1650
      Author: Frederick Lewis Weis
      Publication: Sixth Edition Genealogical Publishing, Inc. 1988 ISBN 0-8063-1207-6
    11. Abbrev: Geoffrey Ferole.ged
      Title: Geoffrey Ferole.ged
      Note:
      Geoffrey Ferole.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
    12. Abbrev: Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
      Title: Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
      Author: Tompsett, Brian
      Note:
      TITL Directory of Royal Genealogical Data <http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/>ABBR Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
      http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/
    13. Abbrev: Hugh II.ged
      Title: Hugh II.ged
      Note:
      Hugh II.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
    14. Abbrev: 807.ged
      Title: 807.ged
      Note:
      807.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
    15. Abbrev: rocks.ged
      Title: rocks.ged
      Note:
      rocks.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
    16. Abbrev: The Phillips, Weber, Kirk & Staggs families of the Pacifi c Northwest
      Title: The Phillips, Weber, Kirk & Staggs families of the Pacifi c Northwest
      Author: Weber, Jim
      Publication: Name: Name: Name: 6 Dec 2002; http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com~jweber; <jimwe ber@nwintl.com>;;;
      Note:
      Weber, Jim, The Phillips, Weber, Kirk & Staggs families of the Pacifi c Northwest (Name: Name: 6 Dec 2002; http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com~jweber; <jimwe ber@nwintl.com>;;), MEDI gedcomABBR Weber, JimDATE 8 Dec 2002.
    17. Abbrev: Thaler_export.ged
      Title: Thaler_export.ged
      Author: Thaler, David
      Publication: Name: Name: Name: 22 Jul 2001; http://armidalesoftware.com/issue/full/;;;
      Note:
      Thaler, David, Thaler_export.ged (Name: Name: 22 Jul 2001; http://armidalesoftware.com/issue/full/;;), MEDI gedcomABBR Thaler, DavidDATE 14 Sep 2001
      Compiled by David Thaler
      10605 171st Ct. NE
      Redmond, WA 98052
      (425) 869-3814
      dthaler@microsoft.com.
    18. Abbrev: S. M. Randall-Friday's Family Tree
      Title: S. M. Randall-Friday's Family Tree
      Author: Randall-Friday, S. M.
      Publication: Name: Name: Name: 31 Oct 2001; http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com; <sharmarranl @yahoo.com>;;;
      Note:
      Randall-Friday, S. M., S. M. Randall-Friday's Family Tree (Name: Name: 31 Oct 2001; http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com; <sharmarranl @yahoo.com>;;), MEDI gedcomABBR Randall-Friday, S. M.DATE 3 Apr 2002.
    19. Abbrev: Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia
      Title: Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia
      Author: Ansley, Clarke F.
      Publication: Name: Name: Morningside Heights, New York, Columbia University Press, Licensed from INSO Corporation, December 31, 1941, 1994);;
      Note:
      Ansley, Clarke F., Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia (Name: Morningside Heights, New York, Columbia University Press, Licensed from INSO Corporation, December 31, 1941, 1994);), _ITALIC: Y
      _PAREN: Y
      .
      Repository:
        Name: Kirk Larson
        23512 Belmar Dr. Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
    20. Abbrev: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Note:
      Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on.
      Page: Otto I
      Quality: 3
      Text: QUAY 1
    21. Abbrev: Dent, Michelle
      Title: "My Childrens Tree," supplied by Dent, 22-2-2009.
      Author: compiled by Michelle Dent [(E-ADDRESS) FOR PRIVATE USE\,]
      Text: CAUTION: Not all facts within have been documented!
      Please, do not take all of them, as so!
      Documentation is being added continously!!
      Please contact me with any questions!
      chipmunk@bright.net
      Comments, corrections, and additions welcome!
      Repository:
        Name: n/a
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