Davis - not a tree but a forest

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  • ID: I35005
  • Name: Henry De Percy
  • Given Name: Henry
  • Surname: De Percy
  • Suffix: 3rd Earl Of Northumberland 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 25 Jul 1421 in Leconfield, Yorkshire, England
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES III.4 #712, Weis AR7 #3], parents: [Ref: Weis AR7 #3]
  • Death: 29 Mar 1461 in Towtown England,
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES III.4 #712, Weis AR7 #3], place: [Ref: ES III.4 #712, Weis AR7 #3]
  • Burial: York St Denis
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: ES III.4 #712]
  • Event: No Name Bet 1455 and 1461 1
  • _UID: 60AEDC7A12554B67B083CAB6043BAC254015
  • Change Date: 1 Mar 2013 at 18:00
  • Note:
    HENRY PERCY, EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND, elder son and heir, born 25 July 1421, and knighted, when under 5 years of age, with 43 others, by the young King, 19 May 1426. As Henry Percy, elder son of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, he entered into indentures, 12 July 1439, to serve as Governor of Berwick and Warden of the East March of Scotland from 1 April 1440. Having married, on or before 25 June 1435, Eleanor, daughter of Richard DE POYNINGS, and in 1446 granddaughter and heir of Robert, LORD POYNINGS (died 2 October 1446), he had livery of her inheritance 16 November 1446, and was summoned to Parliament v.p. from 14 December 1446 to 26 May 1455, by writs directed Henrico de Percy chr Domino de Ponynges. In April and July 1451, as Sir Henry Percy de Ponynges, he was appointed a commissioner to deal with Scotland. He had livery of his paternal inheritance 12 June 1455, and in December 1459, for his assistance against the rebels, he was appointed, for life, justice of the Forest beyond Trent. He took part in the battle of Wakefield, 30 December 1460, and was slain ex parte Regis Henrici at the battle of Towton, 29 March 1461. He was buried, it is said, in the church of St. Denis, York. He was attainted 4 November 1461, and the attainder reversed in the Parliament of 1472-73 upon his son's petition. His widow died February 1483/4. Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000, Page: IX:716-7

    !Henry de Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, who m. Lady Eleanor Nevil, dau. of Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, and Joan de Beaufort, dau. of John of Gaunt, and aunt of King Henry V. Of this nobleman and his countess, and their issue, the following account is given in a very curious MS preserved in the British Museum, and there said to be extracted Ex Registro Monasterij de Whitbye; -- "Henry Percy, the son of Sir Henry Percy that was slayne at Shrewsbury, and of Elizabeth, the dau. of the Erle of Marche, after the death of his father and graunsyre, was exiled into Scotland, in the time of King Henry V; by the labour of Johanne, the Countess of Westmerland (whose dau., Alianor, he had wedded in coming into England), he recovered the king's grace and the county of Northumberland, so was the 2nd Earl of Northumberland. And of this Alianor, his wife, he begat IX sonnes and III daughters, whose names be Johanne, that is buried at Whitbye; Thomas (created) Lord Egremont; Katheyne Grey, of Ruthyn (wife of Edmund, Lord Grey, afterwards Earl of Kent); Sir Raffe Percy; William Percy, a byshopp; Richard Percy; John, that dyed without issue; another John (called by Vincent, in his MS Baronage in the Heralds' office, John Percy, senior, of Warkworth); George Percy, clerk; Henry, that dyed without issue; besides the eldest sonne and successor, Henry, 3rd Erle of Northumberland." His lordship, who was at the battle of Agincourt, was made lord high constable by King Henry VI, and fell at St. Alban's, 23 May, 1455, fighting under the banner of that monarch, and was s. by his eldest surviving son, Henry Percy, 3rd earl. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 424, Percy, Barons Percy, Earls of Northumberland, &c.]

    !PERCY, HENRY, third Earl of Northumberland (1421-1461), son of Henry, second earl, was born at Leconfield, Yorkshire, on 25 July 1421, and was knighted by HenryVI on 19 May 1426, being the day on which the little king was himself knighted (_F?dera_, x. 356). In July 1439 he was appointed warden of the east marches and Berwick. By his marriage with Eleanor, granddaughter and heiress of Robert, lord Poynings, he in 1446 acquired the baronies of Poynings, Fitzpaine, and Bryan, with estates in Kent, Sussex, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Somerset, and was in December summoned to parliament as Baron de Poynings. In May 1448 he invaded Scotland in company with Sir Robert Ogle, afterwards first Baron Ogle, and burnt Dunbar. The Scots retaliated by setting fire to his father's castles, at Ainwick in June and at Warkworth in July, and doing other damage. Accordingly, in October the king, having advanced into the north, sent him to invade Scotland. He was met by Hugh Douglas, earl of Ormond, forced to retreat, and defeated and taken prisoner near the river Sark (_Auchinleck Chronicle_, p. 18). He regained his freedom, and was recompensed by the king with the grant of half the goods of Sir Robert Ogle, then outlawed. In April 1451 he was a joint commissioner to treat with the ambassadors of James II of Scotland, and was one of the conservators of the truce made at Newcastle in August (_F?dera_, xi. 299). On the death of his father on 23 May 1455 he succeeded him as Earl of Northumberland,the king allowing him relief of his lands without payment, the new earl having on 3 July foiled by his careful preparations an attack of Scots on Berwick, for which he received the king's thanks. This attack on Berwick was probably connected with the war between king James and James, ninth earl of Douglas, in alliance with whom Percy seems to have acted against Scotland about this time. The feud between the Percys and the Nevilles still disturbed the north, and in January 1458 a great council was held at London to pacify that and other quarrels. To this council the earl came up at the head of a large armed force, and the Londoners. who admitted the Yorkists within their city, refused to admit him and the other Lancastrian lords, 'because they came against the peace,' so they lodged outside the walls. After much debate a general reconciliation, in which the earl was included, was effected on 25 March (_Political Poems_, ii. 254). Northumberland attended the parliament at Coventry in November 1469, when the Duke of York was accused of the death of the old earl, and the Yorkist leaders were attainted, and he took the oath to maintain the succession in the king's line. He was appointed chief justice of the forests north of Trent, and constable of Scarborough Castle (Doyle), and the king is said to have committed the government of the north to him and Lord Clifford as 'his trusty and most faithful friends' (Hall, p. 242). In November 1460 he held a meeting at York with Lords Clifford, Dacres, and others, and plundered the tenants of the Yorkist lords. York went north against them, and on 29 Dec. they defeated him at Wakefield, in which battle Northumberland was engaged (Will. Worc. _Annals_; Gregory, p. 210; _Lancaster and York_, ii. 236). After helping to raise an army for the queen, he marched southwards with her and the forces of the north, their army plundering and destroying as it marched, and on 17 Feb. 1461 defeated Warwick at St. Albans. The earl then marched to York with the king and queen, and was, in conjunction with Somerset and Clifford, in command of the royal army which marched to oppose the advance of the new king, Edward IV. At the battle of Towton on 29 March the earl commanded the van of the Lancastrian army. Seeing that his archers, who were blinded by a snowstorm, were unable to stand agaimist the arrows of the Yorkists, he hastened to come to close quarters, and was slain. By his wife Eleanor, who survived him, he left among other sons Henry, afterwards fourth Earl of Northumberland, and Sir Ralph Percy, and three daughters: Eleanor, married Lord De la Warr; Margaret. married Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorp,Yorkshire; and Elizabeth, married Henry, lord Scrope of Bolton. He was, it is believed, buried in the church of St. Dionys at York, the church of the parish in which stood Percy's Inn, the York town house of his family. In this church there was a painted window with effigies of the Percys; it was taken down in 1590 (figured in Drake, _Eboracum_, p. 306).
    [Engl. Chron., ed. Davies, Gregory's Chron. (Collections of a Citizen, &c.) ed. Gairdner, Three Fifteenth-Cent. Chron. ed. Gairdner, Plumpton Corr., Introd. (all four Camden Soc.); Engl. Chron. ed. Giles; Hardyng's Chron., Fabyan's Chron., Hall's Chron. (all ed. Ellis); Holinshed's Chron. ed. Hooker, fo.; Stow's Annals, ed. Howes; Paston Letters, ed. Gairdner; Rolls of Parl., Rymer's F?dera, Proc. of Privy Council (all three Record publ.); Fordun' Scotichronicon, ed. Hearne; Chron. of Auchinleck, in 'Ane Addicioun, &c.,' ed. Thomson; Ramsay's Lanc. and York; Tytler's Hist. of Scotland; De Fonblanque's Annals of House of Percy; Collins's Engl. Peerage, ed. 1810; Doyle's Official Baronage; Dugdale's Baronage.] Author Rev. William Hunt [Ref: DNB, Editor, Sidney Lee, MacMillan Co, London & Smith, Elder & Co., NY, 1909, vol. xv, pp. 850-3]

    ---------------
    Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, (25 July 1421 ? 29 March 1461) was the son of Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland and Lady Eleanor Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and his second wife Joan Beaufort.

    His maternal uncles included Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury. His maternal aunts included Cecily Neville, through whom he was closely related to the House of York: Edward IV of England, Margaret of York, George, Duke of Clarence and Richard III of England were all first cousins.

    In consequence of his marriage to Eleanor, Lady Poynings, Henry Percy was summoned to Parliament from 14 December 1446 to 26 May 1455, by writs directed Henrico de Percy, chivaler, domino de Ponynges. His wife was a legatee in the 1455 will of her mother, Eleanor, Countess of Arundel (widow of the thirteenth Earl of Arundel).

    Percy however followed his father in swearing allegiance to the House of Lancaster. On December 30, 1460, Percy is known to have fought on the Lancastrian side at the Battle of Wakefield. He commanded the Lancastrian van at the Battle of Towton, where he was slain fighting for the king on March 29, 1461, burial, it is said, at St. Dionis, Yorkshire. His widow, Eleanor, died February 11, 1483/4.


    -----------------
    fought in the battle of Towtown, Yorkshire, England
    died in battle. The complete Peerage, V, ix, pg716
    SUMMONED TO PARLIAMENT DURING HIS FATHER'S LIFETIME AS BARON POYNINGS, AND LATER AS 3RD EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND; SLAIN IN BATTLE LEADING THE VAN OF THE LANCASTERIANS, AND HIS HONOURS SUBSEQUENTLY FORFEITED BY AN ACT OF ATTAINDER (BUT WERE RESTORE D TO HIS SON)
    BIBLIOGRAPHY:
    Cokayne, George Edward, Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. Gloucester: A Sutton, 1982.

    Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. III.4 (#601-#820): Das Feudale Frankreich und sein Einfluss auf die Welt des Mittelalters. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1989.

    Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, David Faris, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before 1700, 7th Edition, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co, 1992.
    RESEARCH NOTES:
    2nd Earl of Northumberland, of Earldom cr 1416 [Ref: CP IX p716] 2nd Earl of Northumberland [Ref: CP VI p621 (with corr in XIV p394)] Earl of Northumberland [Ref: Weis AR7 #3, CP II p243] 6th Lord Percy, of Barony cr 1299 [Ref: CP X p464]
    Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, (25 July 1421 - 29March 1461) was the son of Henry Percy, 2nd Earl ofNorthumberland and Lady Eleanor Neville, daughter of RalphNeville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and his second wife JoanBeaufort.

    His maternal uncles included Richard Neville, 5th Earl ofSalisbury. His maternal aunts included Cecily Neville. Percy wasfirst cousin to (among others) Edward IV of England, Margaret ofBurgundy, George, Duke of Clarence and Richard III of England.He was thus closely related to the House of York.

    Percy however followed his father in swearing allegiance to theHouse of Lancaster. On December 30, 1460, Percy is known to havefought on the Lancastrian side at the Battle of Wakefield. Hecommanded the Lancastrian van at the Battle of Towton, where hewas killed.




    Father: Henry De Percy b: 3 Feb 1392 in Northumberland, England
    Mother: Eleanor De Neville b: 1399 in Raby England,

    Marriage 1 Eleanor Poynings b: Abt 1422 in Poynings, Suffolk, England
    • Married: Abt 25 Jun 1435
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: abt un 25 1435 [Ref: Weis AR7 #3] um 25.VI 1435 [Ref: ES III.4 #712], child: [Ref: CP IX p717, CP VI p621 (with corr in XIV p394), CP XI p546, Weis AR7 #3]
    • Change Date: 17 Nov 2009
    Children
    1. Has Children Henry Percy b: Abt 1449 in Leconfield, Yorkshire, England
    2. Has Children Margaret Percy b: Abt 1450
    3. Has Children Anne Percy b: Abt 1441
    4. Has Children Elizabeth De Percy b: Abt 1439 in Northampton, England
    5. Has No Children Eleanor Percy b: Abt 1480

    Marriage 2 Spouse Unknown
    • Married:
    • Change Date: 11 Dec 2012

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Online Resource
      Title: Online Resource
      Note:
      Online Resource.
      Page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Percy,_3rd_Earl_of_Northumberland
      Quality: 3
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