Name: Francis Marion
Given Name: Francis
Birth: 1732 in Goat Field Plantation, St. Johns Par. SC
Death: 27 Feb 1795
Change Date: 20 Jan 2009 at 15:56
The Swamp Fox
ANOTHER ACCOUNT FROM THE HISTORY OF THE OLD CHERAWS PG.395 IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF THE DU BOSE, ON LYNCHE'S CREEK, WAS A FAMOUS TORY CAPTAIN, JEF. BUTLER . HE HAD BEEN GUILTY OF MANY ACTS OF PLUNDER, AND AT DIFFERENT TIMES TREATED THE FAMILY OF ELIAS DU BOSE WITH GREAT RUDENESS AND CRUELTY. WILLIAM DICK, A BROTHER IN LAW OF MR. DU BOSE, WHO MOVED TO THAT NEIGHBORHOOD AFTER THE WAR. WENT TO BUTLER'S WITH A SMALL PARTY, AND FOUND HIM ON THE RIDGE POLE OF A CORN CRIB WHICH HE WAS COVERING. DICK ORDERED HIM DOWN, AND WHEN BUTLER REFUSED TO OBEY, HE KNOCKED HIM OFF WITH AND EAR OF CORN. HE WAS THEN TIED AND CARRIED TO DU BOSE'S RESIDENCE, AND UPON BEING CONFRONTED WITH MRS. DU BOSE, (LYDIA CASSELS) DENIED HAVING EVER SEEN HER. SHE KNEW HIM, HOWEVER, TOO WELL. HE WAS THEN TAKEN OUT, TIED UP, SEVERELY WHIPPED, AND TOLD IF HE DID NOT LEAVE THE COUNTRY IN A GIVEN NUMBER OF DAYS, HE WOULD BE DEALT WITH MORE SEVERELY. KNOWING WHAT THE RESULT WOULD BE, HE WENT OFF WITHOUT DELAY, AND WAS NEVER HEARD OF AFTERWARDS. AS A TORY LEADER, THE COURAGE AND FEROCITY OF BUTLER WERE WELL KNOWN ON PEDEE. * AT AN ELECTION FOR THE LEGISLATURE, HELD ON THE 29TH. AND 30TH. OF NOVEMBER, WILLIAM DEWITT WAS RETURNED SENATOR, AND MORGAN BROWN, ELIAS DU BOSE, COLONEL LEMUEL BENTON, WILLIAM PEGUES, THOMAS POWE, AND CALVIN SPENCER, REPRESENTATIVES FOR ST. DAVID'S PARISH. 8 "DURING THE WHIG ASCENDANCY," SAYS SABINE. "IN THAT PART OF SOUTH CAROLINA, HE WENT INTO MARIONS CAMP AT BIRCH'S MILLS, AND SUBMITTING HIMSELF, CLAIMED THE PROTECTION WHICH THE WHIG OFFICER HAD GRANTED TO SOME OTHER LOYALISTS WHO HAD PRECEDED HIM. "AGAINST THIS SOME OF MARION'S OFFICERS WHOSE FRIENDS HAD SUFFERED AT BUTLER'S HANDS, PROTESTED. BUT MARION TOOK THE HUMBLED BUTLER TO HIS OWN TENT, AND DECLARED THAT HE WOULD PROTECT HIM AT THE HAZARD OF HIS OWN LIFE. THE OFFICERS, STILL DETERMINED TO INDULGE THEIR HATRED, SENT THEIR COMMANDER AN OFFENSIVE MESSAGE, THE EFFECT THAT BUTLER SHOULD BE DRAGGED FROM HIS TENT, AND THAT TO DEFEND SUCH A WRETCH WAS AN INSULT TO HUMANITY. MARION WAS NOT TO BE INTIMIDATED; AND THOUGH THE MUTINY AMONG HIS FOLLOWERS THREATENED TO BE FORMIDABLE, HE SUCCEEDED IN CONVEYING BUTLER, UNDER A STRONG GUARD, TO A PLACE OF SAFETY."
Francis Marion was an American revolutionary war hero, nicknamed the "Swamp Fox"bythe British because of his elusive tactics. Marion was probably born in St. John's Parish,Berkeley Co, near Georgetown, South Carolina, about 1732. As a descendant of French Huguenots who settled on the Santee River, he received a country school education. Marion established himself as a planter in St. John's Parish after coming into a small inheritance.
Marion served in two campaigns against the Indians. In 1761 he distinguished himself as a lieutenant of militia by defeating some ambushed Cherokees. Marion returned to St. John's and entered politics, championing the American colonies in their quarrel with England. In 1775, Marion was elected to the South Carolina Provincial Congress as a representative. This Congress authorized the formation of two regiments, Marion was captain of the Second Regiment. In 1780 as a lieutenant colonel in the Continental service, Marion led an attack on Savannah. In May of 1780 Gen. Benjamin Lincoln surrendered Charleston to the British.
In August 1780, Marion commanded guerrilla warfare against the Loyalists along the Peedee and Santee rivers. Marion chased away three Loyalist groups. Turning upon the British, Marion cut their supply lines, outran Sir Banister Tarleton's dragoons, raided Georgetown, retired to Snow's Island, and then again raided Georgetown.
After the Continentals returned to South Carolina, Marion served as brigadier general of the militia under Gen. Nathaniel Greene. Aided by Continental troops, Marion finally seized Georgetown. At the battle of Eutaw Springs on September 8, 1781, he commanded the militias of North and South Carolina and drove the British back to Charleston.
Marion was quiet and moody, yet humane and forgiving. He rose from private to brigadier general because of his intuitive grasp of strategy and tactics. Daring and elusive, he usually struck at night and then vanished into the swamps and morasses of the South.
Marion received thanks from South Carolina for leading the partisans. He represented his parish in the state senate and the Constitutional Convention. He voted for federal union. After marrying Mary Esther Videau in 1786, he lived at Pond Bluff, which he owned. He later died there on February 26, 1795.
Father: Gabriel Marion b: Aft 1690 in SC
Mother: Esther Charlotte Cordes b: 1695 in SC
Mary Esther Videau b: 17 Sep 1737
- Change Date:
15 Nov 2005