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  • ID: I3674
  • Name: Louis VIII The Lion Capet
  • Given Name: Louis VIII The Lion
  • Surname: Capet
  • Prefix: King Of France
  • Name: Louis VIII The Lion
  • Given Name: Louis VIII The Lion
  • Surname: 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 3 Sep 1187 in Paris, Ile-de-France, France
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES II #12, Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Paget HRHCharles p70] 1187 [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Weis AR7 #101, Weis AR7 #113] 4/5 Sep 1187 [Ref: Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64] Sep 1187 [Ref: Watney WALLOP #203, Watney WALLOP #211], place: [Ref: ES II #12], parents: [Ref: CMH p462, ES II #12, Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Paget HRHCharles p70, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64, Watney WALLOP #203, Weis AR7 #101], father: [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p201]
    Sources with Inaccurate Information:
    date: 5 Sep 1187 [Ref: Wurts MCBarons p187]
  • Death: 8 Nov 1226 in Montpensier, Auvergne 1
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES II #12, ES II #62, Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Paget HRHCharles p70, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64, Watney WALLOP #203, Watney WALLOP #211, Weis AR7 #101] 1226 [Ref: CMH p462, CMH p823, Louda RoyalFamEurope #124, Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Tapsell Dynasties p201, Wagner PedigreeProgress #44, Weis AR7 #113], place: [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Weis AR7 #101] Chateau de Montpensier en-Auvergne [Ref: ES II #12]
  • Burial: St. Denis 1
  • Event: Capet House
  • Event: No Name Bet 14 Jul 1223 and 8 Nov 1226 1
  • Event: Rheims Cathedral Coronation 6 Aug 1223 Reims, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France 1
  • _UID: 193ED73B3C544006AA4B273DCD6C18F6DF2B
  • Change Date: 5 Feb 2013 at 18:23
  • Note:
    Louis VIII of France
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

    Louis VIII the Lion (French: Louis VIII le Lion) (September 5, 1187 ? November 8, 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. He was a member of the Capetian dynasty. Louis was born in Paris, France, the son of King Philippe II Auguste and Isabelle of Hainaut.

    As a prince, Louis won battles against the armies of King John of England. In 1216 the English barons rebelled against the very unpopular King John and offered the throne to Louis. In May of 1216, Prince Louis of France and his army invaded England in what has become known as the First Barons' War, but after a year and a half of war, Louis had to give up on his desire to become the King of England and signed the Treaty of Lambeth.

    Louis succeeded his father on July 14, 1223; his coronation took place on August 6 of the same year in the cathedral at Reims. As king, he continued to seek revenge on the Angevins and seized Poitou and Saintonge from them in 1224. There followed the seizure of Avignon and Languedoc.

    On 1 November 1223, he issued an ordinance that prohibited his officials from recording debts owed to Jews, thus reversing the policies set by his father King Philippe II Auguste. Usury (lending money with interest) was illegal for Christians to practice, according to Church law it was seen as a vice to profit from others misfortune (like gambling), and was punishable by excommunication, a severe punishment. However since Jews were not Christian, they could not be excommunicated, and thus fell in to a legal gray area which secular rulers would sometimes exploit by allowing (or requesting) Jews to provide usuary services, often for personal gain to the secular ruler, and to the discontent of the Church. Louis' prohibition was one attempt at resolving this legal problem which was a constant source of friction in Church and State courts.

    Twenty six barons accepted, but Thibaut IV, a powerful baron from Champagne did not, since he had an agreement with the Jews that guaranteed him extra income through taxation. Thibaut IV would become a major opposition force to Capetian dominance, and his hostility was manifest during the reign of Louis VIII. For example, during the siege of Avignon, he peformed only the minimum service of 40 days, and left home amid charges of treachery.

    While returning to Paris, King Louis became ill with dysentery, and died on November 8, 1226 in the chateau at Montpensier, Auvergne.

    The Saint Denis Basilica houses the tomb of Louis VIII. His son, Louis IX, succeeded him on the throne.

    Marriage
    On May 23, 1200, at the age of twelve, Louis married Blanche of Castile (March 4, 1188 ? November 26, 1252).

    Issue
    Philippe (September 9, 1209 ? 1218)
    Louis IX (April 25, 1214 ? August 25, 1270)
    Robert (September 25, 1216 ? February 9, 1250)
    Jean (July 21, 1219 ? 1232)
    Alphonse of Toulouse (November 11, 1220 ? August 21, 1271)
    Philippe Dagobert (February 20, 1222 ? 1232)
    Isabel (June 1225 ? February 23, 1269)
    Etienne (born and died 1226)
    Charles I of Sicily (March 1227 ? January 7, 1285)

    ---------
    Louis VII, called The Young (1121?-80), king of France (1137-80), son and successor of Louis VI. In the first year of his reign he married Eleanor of Aquitaine, daughter of William X, duke of Aquitaine. Louis soon aroused the opposition of Pope Innocent II because of his support of a rival to the papal candidate for the archbishopric of Bourges, and his lands were placed under papal interdict. Louis next fought a 2-year war and conquered Champagne in 1144. In 1147 he joined the unsuccessful Second Crusade as one of its two chief military leaders (the other was Conrad III of Germany). Louis returned to France two years later, and in 1152 his marriage to Eleanor was annulled; in the same year she married Henry of Anjou, later Henry II, king of England. Louis warred with Henry for the possession of Aquitaine but renounced all rights to the duchy in 1154, the year Henry became king of England. Between 1157 and 1180 Louis continued sporadic warfare against Henry, who held many of the French provinces. Louis was succeeded by his son Philip II (Philip Augustus).

    Encarta? 98 Desk Encyclopedia & 1996-97 Microsoft Corporation.



    KNOWN AS "THE LION""OF BOURBON"; KING OF FRANCE 1223-1226 (ACCEDED 7/14/1223, CONSECRATED AT RHEIMS 8/6/1223); DIED OF DYSENTERY
    RESEARCH NOTES:
    King of France [Ref: Weis AR7 #101, Tapsell Dynasties p201, Paget HRHCharles p70]

    1223-26: King of France [Ref: Weis AR7 #101, Tapsell Dynasties p201]




    Father: Philip II Augustus Capet b: 21 Aug 1165 in Gonesse, Paris, Ile-DE-France, France
    Mother: Isabella Of Hainaut b: 28 Apr 1170 in Valenciennes

    Marriage 1 Blanche Of Castille b: Bef 4 Mar 1188 in Palencia, Castilla-Leon, Spain
    • Married: 23 May 1200 in Pont-Audemar, Normandy
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES II #12, ES II #62, Moriarty Plantagenet p108, Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Paget HRHCharles p70, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64] 1200 [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Watney WALLOP #211, Weis AR7 #101, Weis AR7 #113], place: [Ref: ES II #12, ES II #62], names: [Ref: CMH p823], child: [Ref: CMH p462, ES II #12, Leo van de Pas SGM 12/31/1998-025515, Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Paget HRHCharles p70, Paget HRHCharles p72, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64, Wagner PedigreeProgress #44, Watney WALLOP #203, Weis AR7 #101, Weis AR7 #104, Weis AR7 #113]
      Sources with Inaccurate Information:
      date: 8 Nov 1226 (sic, prob s.b. Louis VIII death date) [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p72]
    • Change Date: 5 Feb 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children Louis Capet b: 25 Apr 1215 in Chateau DE Poiss, Yvelines, France
    2. Has Children Robert I "The Good" Capet b: 25 Sep 1216 in Paris, Seine, France
    3. Has No Children John Of Anjou And Maine b: Sep 1219
    4. Has No Children Isabel Of France b: Mar 1225
    5. Has Children Charles I Of Anjou, Count Of Provence b: Abt 21 Mar 1226 in France
    6. Has No Children Alphonso Of Poitou And Toulouse b: 11 Nov 1220

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Online Resource
      Title: Online Resource
      Note:
      Online Resource.
      Page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_VIII_of_France
      Quality: 3
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