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  • ID: I3952
  • Name: Catherine Sywnford De Roet
  • Given Name: Catherine Sywnford
  • Surname: De Roet
  • Prefix: Lady
  • Suffix: L.G., Duchess Of Lancaster 1 2 3 4 5 6
  • Name: +Plantagenet
  • Given Name: +Plantagenet
  • Surname:
  • Name: +Swynford,+Plantagenet
  • Given Name: +Swynford,+Plantagenet
  • Surname:
  • Name: Catherine Swynford Roet
  • Given Name: Catherine Swynford
  • Surname: Roet
  • Sex: F
  • Birth: 25 Nov 1340 in Picardy, Hainault, France 1 7 8 2 9 10
  • Note:
    Katherine Swynford
    - definition, meaning, explanation & information in free-definition.com -



    Catherine (or Katharine or Katherine) (~1350 - 1403) was the daughter of Payne (or Paen) de Roet (or Rouet or Roelt) a Flemish herald from Hainault who was knighted just before dying in the wars, leaving Catherine and her older sister Philippa, as well as a brother, Walter, and eldest sister, Isabel/Elizabeth de Ruet,( who died chanoinness of the convent of St. Waudru's, Mons, ca. 1366) . Born in about 1350, in about 1366 Catherine married Hugh Swynford or Synford, an English knight from the manor of Kettlethorpe in Lincolnshire, and bore him at least two children (Blanch, Thomas and likely the Margaret Swynford who was nominated a nun at the prestigious Barking Abbey by the command of Richard II in 1377) before he, too, died in the European wars. She then became attached to the household of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, ostensibly as governess to his two daughters (the sisters of the future Henry IV of England) by his first wife Blanche, but eventually she became his official mistress. Catherine's sister Philippa married the poet Geoffrey Chaucer, whose poem The Book of the Duchess commemorated Blanche's death in about 1369.

    Long after the death of his second wife Constance (or Constanza) of Castile, John and Catherine married in January 1396, three years before he died. The four children Catherine had borne John of Gaunt had been given the surname "Beaufort" and were already adults when they were legitimized (but barred from inheriting the throne by a clause inserted by half-brother Henry IV well into the latter's reign) in 1390: John Earl of Somerset, Henry Cardinal Beaufort, Thomas Beaufort Duke of Exeter, and Joan Countess of Westmoreland.

    The coat of arms designed for Catherine was three gold Catherine wheels ("roet" means "wheel") on a red background.

    Her son John was the great-grandfather of Henry VII of England; her daughter Joan was the grandmother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England, whom Henry VII defeated to take the throne (before marrying the daughter of Edward IV, and their son became Henry VIII). Her step-son became Henry IV of England by deposing Richard II of England (who was imprisoned and died shortly thereafter, in Pontefract Castle, where Catherine's son Thomas Swynford was constable, and he was said to have starved Richard to death for his step-brother); her step-daughter, John and Constance's daughter Catherine (or Catalina), was the great-grandmother of Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of Henry VIII of England and mother of Mary I of England.

    Catherine survived John by only four years, dying on 10 May 1403. (Since she was then dowager Duchess of Lancaster, there was a record of the exact day, as there was not for her birth, when she was a nobody.) Her tomb, and that of her daughter Joan Beaufort, are under a carved-stone canopy in the sanctuary of Lincoln Cathedral, but their remains are no longer in them, because the tombs were despoiled in 1644, during the English Civil War, by the Roundheads.

    Katherine Swynford is the subject of Anya Seton's novel Katherine (1954).

    source:
    http://www.free-definition.com/Katherine-Swynford.html
  • Death: 10 May 1403 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England 1 7 8 2 9 10
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES II #85, ES III.1 #157, Paget HRHCharles p194, Paget HRHCharles p24, Paget HRHCharles p84, Watney WALLOP #75, Weis AR7 #1] 1403 [Ref: CMH p892, Louda RoyalFamEurope #3, Louda RoyalFamEurope #5, Thompson CharlesII #533], place: [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p24]
  • Burial: May 1403 Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England 8 9 10
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p24]
    11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 8 9 19 10
  • Event: Alt. Birth 1350 19 9 10
  • Event: Alt. Death 10 May 1403 Lincoln 19 9 10
  • Event: de Roet House 6
  • _UID: 5810AAEDB02DE4469BB89E6B58EA2734FF9D
  • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013 at 20:03
  • Note:
    Katherine of Hainault

    4th wife of John Plantagenet of Gaunt.[MyTree.GED]

    Our Noble & Gentle Families of Royal Descent Together with Their Paternal Ancestry by Joseph Foster p 2 1883 Edition

    She was the sister-in-law to Geoffrey Chaucer, the poet. She became the mistress, and later third wife to John of Gaunt, brother of King Edward III.

    She and her sister were raised in France with their mother while their father was fighting for the English King. After the plague killed all the family but the two girls, they were brought to England. Katherine spent several years in a convent, regaining her health. She met and married Sir Hugh Swynford, and had two children with him. She was still married when she became mistress to John of Gaunt.

    RESEARCH NOTES:
    children of John of Gaunt born before marriage, but legitimated by the Parliament in Feb 1397. They were barred from succession to the throne by Henry IV [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p22]
    In 1396, John of Gaunt married Catherine Swynford, many years his mistress, and had his children by her, under the name of Beaufort, declared legitimate.

    # Note: See biography by S. Armitage-Smith (1904, repr. 1964); J. R. Hulbert, Chaucer's Official Life (1912, repr. 1970).

    Source:

    Holly Tamer of Rootsweb.com
    Updated November 2007




    Father: Giles Payn De Roet b: 1310 in Hainault, Belgium
    Mother: Katherine Swynford b: Abt 1315 in Picardy, France

    Marriage 1 John De Gaunt Plantagenet b: 28 Mar 1340 in Ghent, Flanders, Belgium c: in Duke Of Lancaster;
    • Married: 13 Jan 1397 in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England 20 7 8 19 9 10
    • Note:
      Line in Record @F38610@ (MRIN 7037) from GEDCOM file not recognized:
      _STAT MARRIED
    • Event: see text --> Des Exc
    • Note:
      Descendents of Payne of Guienne ROET

      1 Payne of Guienne ROET
      =(Unknown)
      2 Catherine Swynford ROET
      =John of Gaunt Married : 13 Jan 1395/96, Lincoln
      3 Joan Beaufort
      =Ralph of Westmoreland 1st
      4 Richard NEVILLE
      =Alice MONTAGU Married : ABT 1425
      5 Alice NEVILLE
      =Henry FITZHUGH
      6 Elizabeth FITZHUGH
      =Nicholas VAUX
      7 Katherine VAUX
      =George THROCKMORTON
      8 Elizabeth THROCKMORTON
      =John GIFFARD
      9 Anne GIFFARD
      =Thomas GODDARD
      10 Richard GODDARD
      =Elizabeth WALROND Married : Upper Upham & Swindon, Wiltshire, England


      source:
      http://www.bee.qut.edu.au/people/goddard/young/2/people/p000000s.htm#I283

      added:
      13dec2005
      9 10
    • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children John Beaufort b: 29 Jan 1374 in Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, Pays DE La Loire, France c: in Near Pottersgate, Lincolnshire, England
    2. Has Children Henry De Beaufort, Bishop Of Winchester b: Abt 1376 in Beaufort Castle, Anjou, France c: in Chateau Beaufort, Meurthe-Et-Mosel, Anjou, France
    3. Has Children Thomas Beaufort b: 1387 in Chateau DE Beaufort, Meurthe-Et-Moselle, France
    4. Has Children Joan De Gaunt Plantagenet b: 1375 in Beaufort Castle, Beaufort, Anjou, France

    Marriage 2 Hugh, Of Kettlethorpe Swynford b: Abt 1345 in Lincolnshire, England
    • Married: May 1366 in St. Clements Danes, Westminster, Middlesex, England 9 10
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: first marriage of Katharine [Ref: Don Stone SGM 8/9/1998-123614, ES III.1 #157, Weis AR7 #1], names: [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p2, Paget HRHCharles p22], child: [Ref: Don Stone SGM 8/9/1998-123614]
    • Event: Alt. Marriage Bef 1367
    • Change Date: 3 Dec 2012
    Children
    1. Has Children Thomas Swynford b: Abt 1368
    2. Has No Children Blanche Swynford b: in Lincolnshire, England
    3. Has No Children Thomas Swynford b: Sep 1368 in Kettelthorpe, Lincolnshire, England c: Sep 1368 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Online Resource
      Title: Online Resource
      Note:
      Online Resource.
      Page: h t t p : / / w c . r ootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=thomasbledsoe&id=I00507
      Quality: 3
    2. Abbrev: Public Member Trees
      Title: Public Member Trees
      Author: Ancestry.com
      Publication: Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2006;
      Note:
      Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006).
      Repository:
        Name: www.ancestry.com

      Page: Database online.
      Quality: 3
      Text: Record for Katherine SWYNFORD
    3. Abbrev: visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter of Maurice Lord Berkeley
      Title: visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter of Maurice Lord Berkeley
      Author: harlien
      Note:
      harlien, visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter of Maurice Lord Berkeley, ABBR visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter of Maurice Lord BerkeleyDATE 2000
      .
    4. Abbrev: visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter o f Maurice Lord Berkeley
      Title: visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter o f Maurice Lord Berkeley
      Author: harlien
      Note:
      harlien, visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter o f Maurice Lord Berkeley, ABBR visitation of oxford , p 16 . quarterly shows Robert throckmorton married teh daughter o f Maurice Lord BerkeleyDATE 2000
      .
    5. Abbrev: Public Member Trees
      Title: Public Member Trees
      Author: Ancestry.com
      Publication: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.Original data: Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.;
      Note:
      Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.Original data: Family trees submitted by Ancestry members.), This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created.
      .
      Page: Ancestry Family Trees
      Quality: 3
      Text: h t t p : / / trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=4013448&pid=-472964226
    6. Abbrev: Online Resource
      Title: Online Resource
      Note:
      Online Resource.
      Page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine_Swynford
      Quality: 3
    7. Abbrev: v14t1829bryan.FTW
      Title: v14t1829bryan.FTW
    8. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 8 Aug 2004
      Title: GEDCOM file. Created on 29 Dec 2003. Imported on 8 Aug 2004.
    9. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 12 Jan 2008
      Title: GEDCOM file. Created on Jan 12, 2008. Imported on 12 Jan 2008.
    10. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 23 Sep 2009
      Title: GEDCOM file submitted by Cathy Ann Abernathy, Rootsweb.com / weavercat@gmail.com. Created on 17 AUG 2009. Imported on 23 Sep 2009.
    11. Abbrev: Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Des
      Title: Buck, J. Orton; Beard, Timothy Field, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. III (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1988)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 29, 105
      Quality: 3
    12. Abbrev: Chronicle of the Royal Family
      Title: Mercer, Derrik, ed., <i>Chronicle of the Royal Family</i> (Jacques Legrand, London, 1991)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: Chart
      Quality: 3
    13. Abbrev: The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, Fourth Edition
      Title: Weis, Frederick Lewis, Th.D., <i>The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, Fourth Edition</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1991)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 161
      Quality: 3
    14. Abbrev: The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants to the Americ
      Title: Roberts, Gary Boyd, <i>The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1993)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 178
      Quality: 3
    15. Abbrev: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who
      Title: Weis, Frederick Lewis, <i>Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, Seventh Edition</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1995)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 3
      Quality: 3
    16. Abbrev: The Wars of the Roses
      Title: Ross, Charles, <i>The Wars of the Roses</i> (Thames and Hudson, New York, 1996)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 26-28
      Quality: 3
    17. Abbrev: I, Elizabeth
      Title: Miles, Rosalind, <i>I, Elizabeth</i>
    18. Abbrev: Lincoln Cathedral
      Title: Bennett, Carol, <i>Lincoln Cathedral</i> (Lincoln Cathedral Publications, England, 1997)
      Repository:
        Name: Cheryl Varner Library
        Gray Court, SC

      Page: p. 25
      Quality: 3
    19. Abbrev: GEDCOM file imported on 14 Dec 2005
      Title: GEDCOM file. Created on 14 Jan 1999. Imported on 14 Dec 2005.
    20. Abbrev: Wars of the Roses
      Title: Wars of the Roses
      Author: Desmond Seward
      Publication: Name: Penguin Books, New York 1995;
      Note:
      Desmond Seward, Wars of the Roses (Penguin Books, New York 1995), Source Quality: The House of York genealogy table, Houses of Lancaster, Beaufort & Tudor Genealogy Table. d of Richard E of Warwick, no mother
      ABBR Wars of the Roses
      .
      Repository:
        Name: NAME Not Given ADDR Not Given

      Page: Houses of Lancaster, Beaufort & Tudor Genealogy Table
      Text: QUAY 3
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