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  • ID: I55204
  • Name: Alexander I Mac Mael Coluim
  • Given Name: Alexander I
  • Surname: Mac Mael Coluim
  • Prefix: King Of Scotland
  • Suffix: "The Fierce' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: Abt 1080 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland 8 2 3 4 9 6
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: (1077) [Ref: ES II #89] 1077 [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #12] abt 1077 [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p155] before 1077 [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p167], parents: [Ref: ES II #89, Michael Davidson SGM 10/23/1995-115700, Paget HRHCharles p154, Paget HRHCharles p167], father: [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #1, Tapsell Dynasties p181]
  • Death: 23 Apr 1124 in Stirling Castle, Stirlingshire, Scotland 10 2 3 4
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES II #89, ES III.2 #354, Paget HRHCharles p12, Paget HRHCharles p155] 1124 [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #12, Tapsell Dynasties p181], place: [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p12, Paget HRHCharles p155]
    Sources with Inaccurate Information:
    date: 27 Apr 1124 [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p167]
  • Burial: 25 Apr 1124 Dunfermline Abbey 9
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p155]
  • Event: Ruled 1107-1124
  • Event: Acceded 8 Jan 1107 1
  • Event: Alt. Death 23 Apr 1124
  • Note: Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland 11
  • _UID: 2F6B7074F1F1426B9B50690CEF4FADCE26C2
  • Change Date: 11 Dec 2012 at 11:11
  • Note:

    RESEARCH NOTES:
    King of Scots [Ref: ES III.2 #354, Tapsell Dynasties p181, Michael Davidson SGM 10/23/1995-115700]

    1107-1124: King of Scots [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p181, Michael Davidson SGM 10/23/1995-115700]
    "DUNKELD"; KNOWN AS "THE FIERCE"; KING OF SCOTS 1107-1124 (NORTH OF FORTH & CLYDE); HIS NATURAL SON, MALCOLM, LED A REVOLT OF THE GAELIC POPULATION AGAINST DAVID I IN 1130

    Most of the information on Kings & Queens of Scotland, Ireland, Wales, England and other parts of the British Isles & Europe and on the various Royal & Noble families (and their off shoots) in this family tree has come from one or more of the following sources:BURKE'S Genealogical and Heraldic History of the PEERAGE BARONETAGE AND KNIGHTAGE.
    Edited by Peter Townend. Burke's Peerage Limited, London
    "Burke's Peerage" popular name.

    Also information from
    Burke's Landed Gentry
    Burke's Peerage Limited, London

    Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage,
    ISBN: 0312125577
    Debrett's Peerage Ltd
    86/88 Edgware Road
    London W2 2YW
    For further information on Debrett's
    e-mail people@debretts.co.uk
    Phone # +44 (0)171 916 9633.
    http://www.debretts.co.uk/index.html

    Directory of Royal Genealogical Data (Edinburgh Mirror)
    http://www.tardis.ed.ac.uk/~bct/public/genealogy/royal/
    Version: 29 Jul 99 Author: Brian TompsettBack: Royal and Noble genealogy Copyright (c) 1994 - 1999This is part of Royal and Noble Genealogical Data on the Web at
    http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/gedcom.html,

    Royal Genealogies -- Menu
    http://ftp.cac.psu.edu/~saw/royal/royalgen.html
    Denis R. Reid
    149 Kimrose Lane
    Broadview Heights, Ohio 44147-1258
    Internet Email address: ah189@cleveland.freenet.edu
    (216) 237-5364"Kings & Queens of Scotland". Eileen Dunlop & Anthony Kamm.1984. ISBN 0-86267-063-2 & ISBN 0 86267 055 1. Richard Drew Publishing Limited, 6 Clairmont Gardens, Glasgow G3 7LW"Kings and Queens" Collins Gem. by David Lambert and Randal Gray. 1991. Harper Collins Publishers. PO Box Glasgow, G4 0NB. ISBN 0 00 458954 8A Diagram book first created by Diagram Visual Information Limited of Kentish Town Road, London NW5 8SY"Britain's Kings and Queens" Sir George Bellew, KCB,KCVO.Pitkin Pictorials Ltd. 1986, Northway Andover, Hants. SP10 5BEPrinted in Great Britain by Garrod and Lofthouse international Limited, Bedford, Caterham,Crawley"Scotland's Kings and Queens" by Alan Bold. 1980 Pitkin Pictorials,11 Wyfold Road, London SW6 6SG Printed in Great Britain by Garrod and Lofthouse International Limited, Bedford, Caterham, Crawley"The Royal Line of Succession" The British Monarchy from Cerdic AD 534 to Queen Elizabeth II. Patrick W Montague-Smith, Late Editor, Debrett's PeeragePitkin Pictorials Ltd. 1986, Northway Andover, Hants. SP10 5BEPrinted in Great Britain by Cedar Colour, Chandlers Ford, Hants

    Burke's possibly now published or distributed by
    Almanach De Gotha Ltd,
    9 Cork Street,Mayfair,
    London, W1X 1PD
    United Kingdom.
    Tel (UK) 0181 404 2489
    (International) +44(0) 181 404 2489
    http://www.almanachdegotha.com
    [brownlee.ged]

    ALEXANDER I (r. 1107 - 1124)

    When King Edgar died, he bequeathed Scotland north of the Forth to his brother Alexander, but gave the sovereignty of Lothian and Cumbria to their younger brother David.

    Born around 1077, Alexander was the fifth son of Malcolm III and St Margaret. Named after Pope Alexander II, he was described by one chronicler as 'a lettered and godly man', but he was also known as 'Alexander the Fierce' after dealing ruthlessly with an uprising in Moray.

    In 1114 he served as leader of a contingent in Henry I of England's campaign against the Welsh (he was technically a vassal of the English king).

    Alexander married Henry's illegitimate daughter Sybilla (Henry had married Alexander's sister Maud). Sybilla died suddenly in 1122, leaving no children.

    Alexander died at Stirling on 23 April 1124.
    [michaelrneuman.ged]

    Alexander I of Scotland
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Alexander I of Scotland or Alaxandair mac Maíl Coluim (modern: Alasdair m ac Mhaol Chaluim) (c. 1078 - 23 April 1124), called "The Fierce", ki ng of Scots, was the fourth son of Máel Coluim mac Donnchada by his wife M argaret, grand-niece of Edward the Confessor. He was named in honour of Po pe Alexander II.

    Alexander was his unmarried brother Edgar's heir, perhaps throughout his r eign, and certainly by 1104 when he was the senior layman present at the e xamination of the remains of Saint Cuthbert at Durham prior to their reint errment. He held lands in Scotland north of the Forth and in Lothian.

    On the death of Edgar in 1107 he succeeded to the Scottish crown; bu t, in accordance with Edgar's instructions, their brother David was grant ed an appanage in southern Scotland. Edgar's will granted David the lan ds of the former kingdom of Strathclyde or Cumbria, and this was apparent ly agreed in advance by Edgar, Alexander, David and their brother-in-law H enry I of England. However, in 1113, perhaps at Henry's instigation, and w ith the support of his Anglo-Norman, David demanded, and received, additio nal lands in Lothian along the Upper Tweed and Teviot. David did not recei ve the title of king, but of "prince of the Cumbrians", and his lands rema ined under Alexander's final authority.

    The dispute over Upper Tweeddale and Teviotdale does not appear to have da maged relations between Alexander and David, although it was unpopul ar in some quarters. A Gaelic poem laments:

    It's bad what Máel Coluim's son has done,
    dividing us from Alexander;
    he causes, like each king's son before,
    the plunder of stable Alba.

    The dispute over the eastern marches does not appear to have caused lasti ng trouble between Alexander and Henry of England. In 1114 he joined Hen ry on campaign in Wales against Gruffydd ap Cynan of Gwynedd. Alexander 's marriage with Henry's illegitimate daughter Sybilla de Normandy may ha ve occurred as early as 1107, or as at late as 1114.

    William of Malmesbury's account attacks Sybilla, but the evidence argues t hat Alexander and Sybilla were a devoted but childless couple and Sybil la was of noteworthy piety. Sybilla died in unrecorded circumstances at E ilean nam Ban (Kenmore on Loch Tay) in July, 1122 and was buried at Dunfer mline Abbey. Alexander did not remarry and Walter Bower wrote that he plan ned an Augustinian Priory at the Eilean nam Ban dedicated to Sybilla's mem ory, and he may have taken steps to have her venerated.

    Alexander had at least one illegitimate child, Máel Coluim mac Alasdair, w ho was later to be involved in a revolt against David I in the 1130s. He w as imprisoned at Roxburgh for many years afterwards, perhaps until his dea th some time after 1157.

    Alexander was, like his brothers Edgar and David, a notably pious kin g. He was responsible for foundations at Scone and Inchcolm. His mother 's chaplain and hagiographer Thurgot was named Bishop of Saint Andrews ( or Cell Rígmonaid) in 1107, presumably by Alexander's order. The ca se of Turgot's would-be successor Eadmer shows that Alexander's wishes we re not always accepted by the religious community, perhaps because Eadm er had the backing of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Ralph d'Escures, rath er than Thurstan of York. Alexander also patronised Saint Andrews, granti ng lands intended for an Augustinian Priory, which may have been the sa me as that intended to honour his wife.

    For all his religiosity, Alexander was not remembered as a man of peace. J ohn of Fordun says of him:

    Now the king was a lettered and godly man; very humble and amiable towar ds the clerics and regulars, but terrible beyond measure to the rest of h is subjects; a man of large heart, exerting himself in all things beyond h is strength.

    He manifested the terrible aspect of his character in his reprisals in t he Mormaerdom of Moray. Andrew of Wyntoun's Orygynale Cronykil of Scotla nd says that Alexander was holding court at Invergowrie (by Dundee) wh en he was attacked by "men of the Isles". Walter Bower says the attacke rs were from Moray and Mearns. Alexander pursued them north, to "Stockfor d" in Ross (near Beauly) where he defeated them. This, says Wyntoun, is w hy he was named the "Fierce". The dating of this is uncertain, as are h is enemies' identity. However, in 1116 the Annals of Ulster report: "Ladhm ann son of Domnall, grandson of the king of Scotland, was killed by the m en of Moray." The king referred to is Alexander's father and Domnall was A lexander's half brother. The Mormaerdom or Kingdom of Moray was ruled by t he family of Mac Bethad mac Findláich and Lulach mac Gille Coemgáin; not o vermighty subjects, but a family who had ruled Alba within little more th an a lifetime. Who the Mormaer or King was at this time is not known, it m ay have been Óengus of Moray or his father, whose name is not known. As f or the Mearns, the only known Mormaer of Mearns, Máel Petair, had murder ed Alexander's half-brother Donnchad mac Maíl Coluim in 1094.

    Alexander died in April 1124 at his court at Stirling; his brother Davi d, probably the acknowledged heir since the death of Sybilla, succeeded hi m.




    Father: Mael Coluim Ceann Moir (Malcolm III) Canmore Mac Donnchad b: 26 Mar 1031 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
    Mother: Saint Margaret Atheling b: 1045 in Hungary

    Marriage 1 Sibylla Fitzhenry b: Abt 1104 in Domfront, Normandy
    • Married: in Only Wife 12
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      child: [Ref: CP XI p141]
    • Change Date: 11 Dec 2012
    Children
    1. Has Children Malcolm II Earl Of Ross

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens
      Title: The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens
      Author: Mike Ashley
      Publication: Robinson, London, 1999
      Repository:
        Name: Not Given

      Page: Page 402
      Quality: 3
    2. Abbrev: CALDWELL.FTW
      Title: CALDWELL.FTW
      Note:
      CALDWELL.FTW, Source Medium: Other
      .
    3. Abbrev: CALDWELL.GED
      Title: CALDWELL.GED
      Note:
      CALDWELL.GED, CALDWELL.GED, Source Medium: Other
      .
    4. Abbrev: michaelrneuman.ged
      Title: michaelrneuman.ged
      Note:
      michaelrneuman.ged, Source Medium: Other
      .
    5. Abbrev: History of the Monarchy
      Title: History of the Monarchy
      Publication: Name: Name: Location: NAME http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page104.asp ADDR PHON;;;
      Note:
      History of the Monarchy (Name: Location: NAME http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page104.asp ADDR PHON;;).
      Page: http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page107.asp
      Quality: 3
    6. Abbrev: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Note:
      Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on.
      Page: Alexander I
      Quality: 3
    7. Abbrev: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Note:
      Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999, ABBR Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999.
      Page: 469
      Quality: 3
      Text: Finn Arnason/Arnesson, Jarl of Halland
    8. Abbrev: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Page: Alexander I
      Quality: 3
    9. Abbrev: Mac 14Febxx.FTW
      Title: Mac 14Febxx.FTW
      Note:
      Mac 14Febxx.FTW, MEDI: Other
      DATE: 2000
      _PAREN: Y
      .
    10. Abbrev: The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens
      Title: The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens
      Author: Mike Ashley
      Publication: Robinson, London, 1999
      Repository:
        Name: Not Given

      Page: Page 403
      Quality: 3
    11. Abbrev: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Note:
      Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on.
      Page: Alexander I
      Quality: 3
      Text: April, 1124
    12. Abbrev: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Note:
      Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on.
      Page: Alexander I
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