Davis - not a tree but a forest

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  • ID: I55792
  • Name: Margaret Beaufort
  • Given Name: Margaret
  • Surname: Beaufort
  • Sex: F
  • Birth: 31 May 1443 in Bletsoe, Bedfordshire, England 1
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    parents: [Ref: CP II p389, Paget HRHCharles p23], father: [Ref: CP I p342]
  • Death: 29 Jun 1509 in Westminster Palace, London, England
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES III.1 #157, Paget HRHCharles p23]
  • Burial: 1509 Henry Vii's Cahepl, Westminster Abbey, London, England 2
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: CP IV p207, Paget HRHCharles p23]
  • Event: Fact Mother Of Henry Vii; Henry Stafford Was 3Rd Husband
  • _UID: BDA1D66AE3094C189EC39DDB9DA1562E8997
  • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013 at 19:59
  • Note:
    Margaret Beaufort
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Margaret Beaufort (May 31, 1443 ? June 29, 1509) was the daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset and Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso. She was also through her father a granddaughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and a great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress Katherine Swynford; following Gaunt's marriage to Katherine, their children (the Beauforts) were legitimized, but their descendants were barred from ever inheriting the throne, though Edward IV of England and every monarch after him is descended from Gaunt and Swynford.

    Edward and his younger brother Richard III of England were sons of Cecily Neville, grandsons to Joan Beaufort, great-grandsons to John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford.

    Margaret married four times, but had only one child, Henry VII of England. The effect of Henry's birth on her 13-year-old body rendered her infertile for life.

    Margaret's first marriage, to John de la Pole, took place in 1450, when she was still a child, but was annulled after a short time. Her second cousin Henry VI had as yet no children, and considered naming her his heir. He married her to his half-brother, Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond. Edmund was the eldest son of the king's mother, dowager Queen Catherine (the widow of Henry V) by her second marriage to a Welsh squire in her household, Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur (Owen Tudor); the legality of this marriage was questioned by others later, but it appears to have been valid. Thus, in one of the great ironies of history, Margaret's son Henry, the Lancastrian claimant to the throne at the end of the Wars of the Roses ? the one who won it all and united the two houses by marrying the Yorkist princess Elizabeth of York ? had plenty of royal blood but no legal claim to the throne; in fact, were it not for the Salic Law barring women from inheriting the French throne, he would have had a greater claim to the throne of France than to that of England. In addition, as Henry derived his claim to the throne from Margaret, it is arguably she and not her son who should have claimed the crown, although Margaret was content to let Henry reign instead of her.

    Lady Margaret was thirteen and pregnant when Edmund died.

    She soon married her third husband, Sir Henry Stafford, son of the 1st Duke of Buckingham. Following his death in 1471, she took a vow of chastity, but this did not prevent her from marrying Thomas, Lord Stanley, some time between 1473 and 1482. Stanley, who had switched sides during the Wars of the Roses (this was due to Richard III holding his eldest son Lord Strange, captive). However, at the end of the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, it was Stanley who placed the crown on Henry VII's head. Stanley was later made Earl of Derby, which made Margaret Countess of Derby, but she was styled "The Countess of Richmond and Derby". She was known for her education and her piety, and her son is said to have been devoted to her.

    Once her son Henry became king, she was the mother of the reigning King but had never been Queen Consort, so she could not claim the title of Queen Mother; instead she was referred to in court as My Lady the King's Mother.

    In 1497 she announced her intention to build a free school for the general public of Wimborne, Dorset. With her death in 1509, this wish came to pass and Wimborne Grammar School came into existence. The name of the school was changed to the Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth. The site and name of the school has since changed and is now Queen Elizabeth's School, the largest school in Dorset and one of the largest in the country.

    In 1502 she established the Lady Margaret's Professorship of Divinity at the University of Cambridge.

    Following the death of her third husband and the accession of her son Henry VII to the throne, she refounded and enlarged God's House as Christ's College, Cambridge with a royal charter from the King. She has been honoured ever since as the Foundress of the College. Her signature can be found on one of the buildings (4 staircase, 1994) within the College.

    Her portrait, at prayer in her richly furnished private closet behind her chamber, is a rare contemporary glimpse into a late Gothic aristocratic English interior. It rewards a close look. The severe black of her widow's weeds contrasts with the splendour of her private apartment, where every surface is patterned, even the floor alternating cream-colored and terracotta tiles. The plain desk at which she kneels is draped with a richly patterned textile that is so densely encrusted with embroidery that its corners stand away stiffly. Her lavishly illuminated Book of Hours is open on a richly worked pillow before her. The walls are patterned with oak leaf designs, perhaps in lozenges, perhaps of stamped and part gilded leather. Against it hangs the dosser of her canopy of estate, with the tester above her head (the Tudor rose at its centre) supported on cords from the ceiling. The coats-of-arms woven into the tapestry are of England (parted as usual with France) and the portcullis badge of the Beauforts, which the early Tudor kings would use. Small stained glass roundels in the leaded glass of her lancet windows also carry both England (cropped away here) and Beaufort.

    Lady Margaret Hall, the first women's college at the University of Oxford, was named in honour of Margaret Beaufort.



    Margaret Beaufort, b. Apr 1441, d. 5 July 1509; m. (1) 1455 Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, d. 1 Nov 1456, son of Sir Owen Tudor & Katharine, Princess of France, Queen-Dowager of England & widow of Henry VI; m. (2) c 1459, Henry Stafford, dsp 1481, 3rd son of Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham, KG; m. (3) 1482/3, as his 2nd wife, Thomas Stanley, d. 5 July 1509, Earl of Derby. [Magna Charta Sureties]

    Note: MCS chooses to ignore Margaret's 1st marriage; but that's OK, because she was divorced from it when she was only 9-10 years old. MCS also seems to have made a mistake on Thomas Stanley's death date, giving him the same death date as Margaret. Burke's Peerage, p. 816, states that Thomas Stanley died 29 July 1504. Both AR & Burke's Peerage seem to mix up Margaret & Thomas's death dates (see below).

    Margaret [daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, dspm 27 May 1444, (his younger brother Edmund subsequently became Duke of Somerset under a different creation) by Margaret, daughter of John Beauchamp, of Bletso, by Edith, daughter of Sir John Stourton]; born 31 May 1443; married 1st between 28 Jan & 7 Feb 1449/50 (divorce by 24 Mar 1452/3), as his 1st wife, John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk of the 1448 creation; married 2nd 1455 Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond of the 1452 creation (died 3 Nov 1456), by whom she was mother of Henry VII; married 3rd by 1464 Sir Henry Stafford, 2nd son of 1st Duke of Buckingham of the 1444 creation; married 4th by Oct 1475 1st Earl of Derby [Thomas Stanley], and died 29 July 1504. [Burke's Peerage]

    Note: Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby died 29 July 1504, according to page 816. Also on page 816 is a death date of 29 Jun 1509 for Margaret Beaufort. The above text is misleading from page 220.

    He [Thomas Stanley] m. 2ndly, in 1482 (before Nov), Margaret, widow of Sir Henry Stafford and before that of Edmund (Tudor), Earl of Richmond, daughter and heir of John (Beaufort), Duke of Somerset, by Margaret, daughter of John (Beauchamp), Lord Beauchamp (of Bleetsoe). He d. 29 July 1504, at Lathom, aged about 69, and was buried with his ancestors at Burscough Priory, co. Lancaster. Will dated 28 July, probated 9 Nov 1504. His widow, who was b. 31 May 1443, at Bletsoe, was the well-known founder of Christ's and St. John's Colleges, Cambridge. She d. 29 June 1509 (three months after the death of her son, Henry VII), in her 67th year, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. Will, as "Countess of Richmond and Derby", probated 17 Oct 1512. [Complete Peerage, IV:205-207]

    Also Note: Her first marriage & divorce with John de la Pole occurred before either of them were more than ten years old. Political alliances must have changed. I note that John's father was much in disgrace about 1450, when he was murdered/executed.
    "CHILD-WIFE" OF JOHN DE LA POLE
    MARGARET BEAUFORT

    Countess of Richmond

    Countess of Derby

    She was the daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, granddaughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt and his mistress Katherine Swynford; following Gaunt's marriage to Katherine, their children (the Beauforts) were legitimized, but their descendants were barred from ever inheriting the throne. Margaret married four times, but had only one child. That child became Henry VII of England.

    Margaret's first marriage, to John de la Pole, took place in 1450, when she was still a child, but was annulled after a short time. Her second cousin Henry VI had as yet no children, and considered naming her his heir. He married her to his half-brother, Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond. Edmund was the eldest son of the king's mother, dowager Queen Catherine (the widow of Henry V) by her illegal (and so legally invalid) second marriage to a Welsh squire in her household, Owen Tudor. Thus, in one of the great ironies of history, Margaret's son Henry, the Lancastrian claimant to the throne at the end of the Wars of the Roses -- the one who won it all and united the two houses by marrying the Yorkist princess Elizabeth of York -- had plenty of royal blood but no legal claim to the throne.


    Edmund died while she was only thirteen and pregnant with their son. The difficult birth left her unable to have any more children. Nevertheless, Lady Margaret soon married her third husband, Sir Henry Stafford, son of the 1st Duke of Buckingham. Following his death in 1471, she took a vow of chastity, but this did not prevent her from marrying Thomas, Lord Stanley, some time between 1473 and 1482. Stanley, who had switched sides repeatedly during the Wars of the Roses, chose to double-cross King Richard on the battlefield at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 and so throw the victory to Margaret's son Henry Tudor. Stanley was later made Earl of Derby, which made Margaret Countess of Derby, and she was still the dowager Countess of Richmond. She was known for her education and her piety, and her son is said to have been devoted to her.

    Once her son Henry became king, she was the mother of the reigning King but had never been Queen Consort so she could not claim the title of Queen Mother instead she was referred to in court as My Lady the King's Mother.

    In 1502 she established the Lady Margaret's Professorship of Divinity at the University of Cambridge.

    (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

    Source:
    KC Karnes, Carrie's Family Tree
    Rootsweb.com
    January 2008




    Father: John Beaufort, De b: Bef 25 Mar 1404 in Westminster, Middlesex, England
    Mother: Margaret De Beauchamp b: Bef 1412 in Bletsoe, Bedford, Bedfordshire, England

    Marriage 1 Thomas Stanley b: Abt 1435 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England
    • Married: Bef Oct 1473 in , , England
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: before Oct 1473 [Ref: CP IV p207 (with corr in XIV p251), Paget HRHCharles p23] second marriage of both [Ref: CMH p892] vor X 1473 [Ref: ES III.1 #157]
    • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013

    Marriage 2 John De La Pole, Duke Of Suffolk b: 27 Sep 1442
    • Married: Bef 18 Aug 1450
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: before 18 Aug 1450 [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p23] vor 18.VIII 1450 [Ref: ES III.1 #157], divorced: before 6 Mar 1452/3 [Ref: CP XII/1 p450 (with corr in XIV p602)], note: subsequently dissolved [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p23]
    • Change Date: 13 Sep 2011

    Marriage 3 Edmund Tudor b: 1430 in Hadham, Hertfordshire
    • Married: 1455 3
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: ES III.1 #157, ES III.1 #158, Louda RoyalFamEurope #4, Louda RoyalFamEurope #5, Paget HRHCharles p200, Paget HRHCharles p23, Paget HRHCharles p88, Watney WALLOP #75] first marriage of Margaret [Ref: CMH p892, CP IV p207], names: [Ref: Moncreiffe RoyalAnc p11, Thompson CharlesII #140], child: [Ref: CMH p892, CP II p206, CP II p45(c), Louda RoyalFamEurope #1, Louda RoyalFamEurope #4, Louda RoyalFamEurope #5, Paget HRHCharles p200, Paget HRHCharles p23, Paget HRHCharles p31, Paget HRHCharles p88, Thompson CharlesII #70]
    • Change Date: 13 Sep 2011
    Children
    1. Has Children Henry VII Tudor, King Of England b: 28 Jan 1457 in Pembroke Castle, Wales

    Marriage 4 Richard Darrell
    • Married: Aft 1455
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: second marriage of Margaret [Ref: CP I p342, CP II p389, ES III.1 #157, Paget HRHCharles p23], child: [Ref: CP I p342]
    • Change Date: 13 Sep 2011
    Children
    1. Has Children Margaret Dayrell

    Marriage 5 Henry II Stafford (Earl Of Wiltshire) (Duke Of Buckingham) Stafford b: 1427 in Maxstoke, Meriden, Warwickshire, England
    • Married: Bef 10 Jul 1460 in Stafford, Staffordshire, England
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: first marriage of Margaret [Ref: CP I p342, CP II p389, ES III.1 #157,Paget HRHCharles p23], child: [Ref: CP II p389]
    • Change Date: 13 Sep 2011
    Children
    1. Has Children Henry Stafford, K.G., Duke Of Buckingham b: 4 Sep 1455 in Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales
    2. Has No Children Anne Stafford b: 1456 in England
    3. Has Children Humphrey Stafford b: 1457 in England

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399
      Title: Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399
      Author: Leese, T. Anna
      Publication: Heritage Books, Inc., 1996
      Repository:
        Name: Not Given

      Page: Page 276
      Quality: 3
    2. Abbrev: Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399
      Title: Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399
      Author: Leese, T. Anna
      Publication: Heritage Books, Inc., 1996
      Repository:
        Name: Not Given

      Page: Page 285
      Quality: 3
    3. Abbrev: Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399
      Title: Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399
      Author: Leese, T. Anna
      Publication: Heritage Books, Inc., 1996
      Repository:
        Name: Not Given

      Page: Page 279
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