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  • ID: I62770
  • Name: Geoffrey Fitzpiers
  • Given Name: Geoffrey
  • Surname: Fitzpiers
  • Suffix: 4th Earl Of Essex
  • Name: Geoffrey Fitz Peter
  • Given Name: Geoffrey Fitz
  • Surname: Peter
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1165 in Cherhill, Wiltshire 1
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: Watney WALLOP #401] adult in 1184 [Ref: Weis AR7 #246B, Weis AR7 #246C], parents: [Ref: CP V p116f, Watney WALLOP #401, Weis AR7 #246B], father: [Ref: Weis AR7 #246C]
    Sources with Inaccurate Information:
    mother: Maud de Mandeville [Ref: Weis AR7 #246C]
  • Death: 14 Oct 1213
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p183, Watney WALLOP #236, Watney WALLOP #401, Watney WALLOP #883, Weis AR7 #246B, Weis AR7 #246C, Weis MC #160] 1213 [Ref: ES III.1 #156, Sanders Baronies p71, Weis AR7 #97]
  • Burial: Oct 1213 Shouldham Priory
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: Weis AR7 #246B, Weis AR7 #246C]
  • _UID: 424A050226964CBC9EEB3A18FC8337A28A5E
  • Change Date: 31 Jan 2013 at 19:52
  • Note:
    Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_Fitz_Peter%2C_1st_Earl_of_Essex

    Geoffrey Fitz Peter
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------
    Chief Justiciar of England
    In office July 11, 1198 – October 14, 1213
    Monarch Richard I
    John
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------
    Justiciar of England
    In office 1189 – July 11, 1198
    Monarch Richard I
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------
    sheriff of Northamptonshire
    In office 1184 – 1189
    Monarch Henry II
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------
    Born c 1162
    Died October 14, 1213

    Spouse (1) Beatrice de Say
    (2) Aveline de Clare
    Children Geoffrey de Mandeville
    William de Mandeville
    Henry
    Maud Fitzgeoffrey
    John Fitzgeoffrey
    Cecily Fitzgeoffrey
    Hawise Fitzgeoffrey
    Occupation Earl of Essex
    Profession Noble
    Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex, (Piers de Lutegareshale), (c. 1162 – 1 213), was a prominent member of the government of England during the reig ns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers.

    Contents
    1 Life
    2 Marriage and issue
    2.1 Spouses
    2.2 Children of Beatrice
    2.3 Children of Aveline
    3 Notes
    4 References
    5 External links

    Life
    He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of servi ce in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon w as at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedf ordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamp tonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

    Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual c o-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de S ay I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. Th is connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly i mportant. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a sha re of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her fathe r. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wi fe, becoming the 4th earl.

    When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judg es of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bi shop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during t he king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mande ville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inherit ance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used h is political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but n ot the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

    On July 11, 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, whi ch at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He con tinued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his dea th on October 14, 1213.[1] On his coronation day the new king also recogni zed Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

    Marriage and issue
    Spouses
    m1. Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say[2].
    m2. Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, Earl of Her tford.

    Children of Beatrice
    Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname.

    Geoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex.
    William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex.
    Henry, Dean of Wolverhampton.
    Maud Fitzgeoffrey, who married Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford.

    Children of Aveline
    John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere and Justiciar of Ireland.
    Cecily Fitzgeoffrey.
    Hawise Fitzgeoffrey.
    Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. Apparently the earldom was a ssociated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, for the earldom was inh erited by the husband of their sister Maud, instead of their half-broth er John.

    Notes
    ^ Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 70
    ^ http://www.josephsmithsr.com/josephsr/d0079/I169794.htm

    References
    Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. e d. London:Royal Historical Society 1961

    OR "MANDEVILLE""FITZPETER"; 4TH EARL OF ESSEX; SHERIFF OF NORTHAMPTON, ESSEX, AND HEREFORD; JUDICIAR/LORD HIGH JUSTICE OF ENGLAND 1190-1213

    RESEARCH NOTES:
    3rd Earl of Essex, of Earldom cr 1156 [Ref: CP V p122] Earl of Essex [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p183] Earl of Essex (in right of first wife) [Ref: Weis AR7 #246C, Weis AR7 #246B] 4th Earl of Essex [Ref: Weis AR7 #97] Justiciar of England 1198-1213 [Ref: Weis AR7 #246C, Weis AR7 #246B]

    Chief Justice of Ireland [Ref: Burke DormantPeerages p30]

    Sheriff of the shires of Northampton, Essex, and Hertford [Ref: Weis MC #160]

    1190: obtained the Barony of Pleshy, through wife through her grandmother [Ref: Sanders Baronies p71]
    He was a prominent part of the government of England during the reign of Richard I and John.
    The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers.
    He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.
    Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say. He was the son of William de Say, 3rd Baron de Say, and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was to prove unexpectedly important.
    In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance.
    When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who was chief justiciar was one of the regents during the king's absence. Later that year, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, and Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain it for himself.
    On July 11, 1198 King Richard appointed Geoffrey 'Chief Justiciar', which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John. On his coronation day the new king also recognized Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.
    (Wikipedia)

    3rd Earl of Essex, chief justiciar of England, sheriff, justice of the forest under Henry II. He was born about 1162 in Walden, Essex, England. Married Beatrice De Saye, born about 1165 in Kimbolton, Norfolk, England. Married second, Aveline De Clare, born about 1168 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England. Much dispute arose regarding the inheritance: Beatrix, his aunt and heir, in the first place, preferring her claim, sent Geoffrey de Say, her younger son, to transact the business for the livery thereof, but Geoffrey FitzPiers insisted upon the right of Beatrix, his wife. Nevertheless, Geoffrey de Say, in consideration of 7,000 marks promised to be paid on a certain day, obtained an instrument in right of his mother, under the king's seal, for the whole of the barony, but the said Geoffrey de Say, making default of payment, this Geoffrey FitzPiers, being a man of great wealth and reputation, made representation that the barony was the right of his wife and, promising to pay the money, obtained livery thereof and procured the king's confirmation of his title. One of the earliest acts of this feudal lord was to dispossess the monks of Walden of certain lands which they had derived from his predecessors, a proceeding followed by a long controversy, which, after being referred to the Pope and the King, was finally compromised. Upon the removal of Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury, from the office of Justice of England by Richard I, this Geoffrey was appointed to succeed him, and at the coronation of King John, 26 June, 1199, he was girt with the sword as Earl of Essex, and then served at the king's table. Being nominated patron of the monastery at Walden, he appears soon after to have been received with great ceremony by the monks and perfectly reconciled to those holy fathers. Later he had a grant of the castle and honor of Berkhamstead, with the knights' fees belonging to him and the heirs of his body, by Aveline, his 2nd wife. His lordship who was characterized as "ruling the reins of government so that after his death the realm was like a ship in a tempest without a pilot."

    During Richard's absence on crusade he was one of the five justices of the king's court who stood next in authority to the regent, Longchamp. In 1190 Fitz Peter succeeded to the earldom of Essex, in the right of his wife, who was descended from the famous Geoffrey de Mandeville. In attempting to asset his hereditary rights over Walden priory Fitz Peter came into conflict with Longchamp, and revenged himself by joining in the baronial agitation through which the regent was expelled from his office. Though refusing to give him formal investiture of the Essex earldom, Richard appointed him justiciar in succession to Hubert Walter. Fitz Peter continued Walter's policy of encouraging foreign trade and the development of the towns; many of the latter received, during his administration, charters of self-government. He was continued in his office by John, who found him an able instrument of extortion. He profited to no small extent by the spoliation of church lands in the period of the interdict. But he was not altogether trusted by the king. He was described as living in constant dread of disgrace and confiscation. In the last years of his life he endeavored to act as a mediator between the king and the opposition. It was by his mouth that the king promised to the nation the laws of Henry I. (at the council of St. Albans, Aug. 4, 1213). But Fitz Peter died a few weeks later (Oct. 2). Fitz Peter was neither a far-sighted nor a disinterested statesman; but he was the ablest pupil of Hubert Walter, and maintained the traditions of the great bureaucracy which the first and second Henries had founded.

    Notable British Families, 1600s-1900s, The Learning Co., Inc., 1999, Page: p. 353, Mandeville, Earls of Essex.
    Title: Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Author: Sir Bernard Burke, Publication: Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, England, 1883.
    Title: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1961 ed., Publication: William Benton, Publisher, Chicago ©1961
    Page: Vol. 9, p. 338, Geoffrey Fitzpeter.
    Title: Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Author: Sir Bernard Burke, Publication: Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, England, 1883.




    Father: Piers De Lutegareshale b: Abt 1134 in Cherhill, Wiltshire, England
    Mother: Maud De Mandeville b: Abt 1140 in Rycott, Oxfordshire, England

    Marriage 1 Beatrice De Say b: in Kimbolton, Norfolk, England
    • Married: Bef 25 Jan 1184
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: before 25 Jan 1184/5 [Ref: Weis MC #160] before 25 Jan 1185 [Ref: Watney WALLOP #401, Watney WALLOP #883] first marriage of Geoffrey [Ref: Weis AR7 #97], names: [Ref: Sanders Baronies p71], child: [Ref: CP V p116f, CP V p130, Watney WALLOP #401, Weis AR7 #97, Weis MC #160]
    • Change Date: 16 Aug 2011
    Children
    1. Has No Children Maud De Mandeville
    2. Has No Children William Fitzgeoffrey
    3. Has No Children Henry (Dean Of Wolverhampton) De Mandeville
    4. Has Children Maud Fitzgeoffrey De Mandeville b: Abt 1195
    5. Has No Children Savaric Fitz-Geoffrey b: Abt 1200 in Kildare, Ireland
    6. Has No Children William De Mandeville, Earl Of Essex
    7. Has No Children Henry De Mandeville

    Marriage 2 Aveline De Clare b: 1164 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England
    • Married: Bef 29 May 1205 2
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: before 1206 [Ref: Watney WALLOP #401] before 29 May 1205 [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p183] by 29 May 1205 [Ref: Weis AR7 #246B, Weis AR7 #246C] second marriage of Aveline [Ref: Altschul CLARE #1, ES III.1 #156, Sanders Baronies p145(6)] second marriage of Geoffrey [Ref: Sanders Baronies p71(6)], names: [Ref: Watney WALLOP #236], child: [Ref: CP V p116f, CP V p433(e), Paget HRHCharles p183, Watney WALLOP #401, Weis AR7 #143, Weis AR7 #246B, Weis AR7 #246C, Weis AR7 #72, Weis MC #4]
    • Change Date: 16 Aug 2011
    Children
    1. Has Children John Fitzgeoffery b: Abt 1215 in Shere, Surrey, England
    2. Has Children Cicely Fitz Geoffrey
    3. Has No Children Cecily Fitzgeoffery
    4. Has Children Hawise Fitzgeoffrey b: Abt 1206 in Streatley, Berkshire, England
    5. Has No Children Hawise Of Steatley Fitzgeoffery
    6. Has No Children John Fitzgeoffrey b: 1208 in Shere, Surrey, England
    7. Has Children Hawise Fitz Geoffrey b: in Walden, Essex

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      Title: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    2. Abbrev: Wikipedia
      Title: Wikipedia
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