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  • ID: I64406
  • Name: Johann (John) 'The Alchemist' Von Brandenburg
  • Given Name: Johann (John) 'The Alchemist'
  • Surname: Von Brandenburg
  • Prefix: Margrave Of Brandenburg-Kulmbach 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1406 in Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia 1 2
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I.1 #129, Paget HRHCharles p198] 1403 [Ref: Thompson CharlesII #162], parents: [Ref: ES I.1 #129, Paget HRHCharles p198, Thompson CharlesII #162]
  • Death: 16 Nov 1464 in Baiersdorf, Mittlefranken, Bavaria 1 2 12 6
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: ES I.1 #129, Paget HRHCharles p198] 1464 [Ref: ES I #82, Thompson CharlesII #162], place: [Ref: ES I.1 #129]
  • Burial: Heilsbronn, Mittelfranken, Bavaria 6
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: ES I.1 #129]
  • Event: Completed Complete
  • Event: Alt. Birth Bef 29 Sep 1403
  • Note: Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia 6
  • _UID: 9CB97970C3E246D8ADB413C0BA9723782104
  • Change Date: 18 Feb 2013 at 18:51
  • OBJE:
  • FORM: mm
  • _PRIM: Y
  • _TYPE: PHOTO
  • OBJE:
  • FORM: jpg
  • FILE: Johann 'der Alchimist' von Brandenburg.jpg
  • Title: Johann 'der Alchimist' von Brandenburg
  • _DATE: 7/20/2012 7:25:08 PM
  • _TYPE: PHOTO
  • Note:
    John, nicknamed the Alchemist (German: Johann der Alchimist; 1406 - 16 November 1464), was a Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and served as the peace-loving Margrave of Brandenburg after the abdication of his father, Frederick I, the first member of the House of Hohenzollern to rule Brandenburg.

    John was the eldest son of Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg (1371-1440) and Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut (1383-1442), daughter of Frederick, Duke of Bavaria, and his second wife Magdalena Visconti of Milan.

    After marrying Barbara of Saxe-Wittenberg (1405-1465), daughter of Rudolf III, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg, John hoped to eventually succeed to Saxe-Wittenberg once its line of Ascanian dukes died out. When this happened in November 1422, however, Emperor Sigismund was on poorer terms with the Hohenzollerns and was only willing to compensate John with a money payment.

    John began participating in governmental affairs in Brandenburg in 1424. Frustrated by disputes with the feudal nobility, Frederick I retired to his castle at Cadolzburg in Franconia in 1425, granting the regency of Brandenburg to John at a Landtag in Rathenow on January 13, 1426, while retaining the electoral dignity for himself.

    John was poorly received by the populace of Brandenburg, as his administration was incompetent, leading to unrest in the countryside. Rather than governing, John was more interested in artificially creating gold through alchemy, thereby receiving the cognomen "the Alchemist". Realizing the danger Brandenburg was in, Frederick I granted John Franconian lands in Brandenburg-Kulmbach on June 7, 1437, territory rich with mines for the Alchemist to indulge his hobby in. The governance of Brandenburg passed to Frederick I's second-oldest son, Frederick II.

    After his younger brother Albert Achilles defeated a Hussite army in 1431, John and Albert went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem to atone for their sins. Their retinue began its journey in Nuremberg on March 2, 1431, reached their destination in the Holy Land on May 30, stayed until June 6, and returned to Nuremberg on September 25. Despite his pacific nature, John knighted Albert Achilles in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

    After the death of Frederick I in 1440, John inherited all of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, including the castle of Plassenburg in Kulmbach. In his later years, he allowed Christopher of Bavaria to administer his possessions in the Upper Palatinate until Christopher's death in 1448. John ruled as Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach until abdicating in 1457, which allowed him to dedicate himself toward studying alchemy and the environs of Franconia. He died in Castle Scharfeneck near Baiersdorf in 1464.

    References

    This article incorporates text translated from the corresponding German Wikipedia article as of 9 September 2006.

    * Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (German)
    * Marlesreuth.de (German)
    * Wer ist wer in Bayreuth? (German)
    * Eulenberg, Herbert. The Hohenzollerns. Translated by M.M. Bozman. The Century Co. New York, 1929.




    Father: Friedrich VI Burggraf Of Nurnberg b: Abt 6 Aug 1371
    Mother: Elizabeth Of Bavaria b: 1383

    Marriage 1 Barbara Von Sachsen-Wittenberg b: Aft 1406 in Wittenberg, Sachsen, Prussia
    • Married: Abt 25 Aug 1411 13 14
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: (25.VIII 1411) [Ref: ES I.1 #129] 1412 [Ref: ES I #82] 25 Aug 1411 [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p198], names: [Ref: Thompson CharlesII #162], child: [Ref: ES I.1 #129, Paget HRHCharles p198, Paget HRHCharles p322, Thompson CharlesII #81]
    • Marriage Contract: 25 Aug 1411 13 14
    • Change Date: 18 Feb 2013
    Children
    1. Has Children Dorothea Von Brandenburg b: 1430 in Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia

    Sources:
    1. Abbrev: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 8th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 2004
      Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 8th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 2004
      Page: 252A-35; 252B-35
      Quality: 3
    2. Abbrev: Stirnet.com
      Title: Stirnet.com
      Author: Peter Barns-Graham, Chairman
      Publication: Location: http://www.stirnet.com;
      Page: Nurnberg1
      Quality: 3
    3. Abbrev: Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europäischen Staaten. Neue Folge (1978), Schwennicke, Detlev, (Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, c1978-1995 (v. 1-16) -- Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, c1998-) new
      Title: Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europäischen Staaten. Neue Folge (1978), Schwennicke, Detlev, (Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, c1978-1995 (v. 1-16) -- Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, c1998-) new
      Page: Band I/1 Tafel 93; Band I/2 Tafel 196
      Quality: 3
    4. Abbrev: Genealogisk-historiske tabeller over de nordiske rigers kongeslægter
      Title: Genealogisk-historiske tabeller over de nordiske rigers kongeslægter
      Author: J. P. F. Kønigsfeldt
      Publication: Name: Kjøbenhavn : Trykt i Bianco Lunos bogtrykkeri, 1856. Også på mikrofilm. Salt Lake City : Filmet af the Genealogical Society of Utah; Date: 1976;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: p. 38
      Quality: 3
    5. Abbrev: Burke's Guide to the Royal Family
      Title: Burke's Guide to the Royal Family
      Publication: Name: Burke's Peerage; Location: London; Date: c1973;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: p. 327
      Quality: 3
    6. Abbrev: The Genealogist (1980-)
      Title: The Genealogist (1980-)
      Author: Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy
      Publication: Name: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy; Location: New York; Date: 1980-;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: Fall 1982, vol. 3 no. 2 p. 178:162
      Quality: 3
    7. Abbrev: Royal Genealogies; Or, the Genealogical Tables of Emperors, Kings and Princes, from Adam to These Times, in Two
      Title: Royal Genealogies; Or, the Genealogical Tables of Emperors, Kings and Princes, from Adam to These Times, in Two
      Author: Anderson, James
      Publication: Name: J. Bettendam; Location: London; Date: 1732;
      Page: p. 495, 536
      Quality: 3
    8. Abbrev: Genealogies of European Families from Charlemagne to the Present Date, August 1957
      Title: Genealogies of European Families from Charlemagne to the Present Date, August 1957
      Author: Paget, Gerald
      Publication: Location: Manuscript, filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah; Date: 1957;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: Brandenburg family, FHL microfilm 170,051
      Quality: 3
    9. Abbrev: Manuel d'histoire, de genealogie et de chronologie de tous les tats du globe (1888-1893, reprint 1966)
      Title: Manuel d'histoire, de genealogie et de chronologie de tous les tats du globe (1888-1893, reprint 1966)
      Author: Stokvis, Anthony Marinus Hendrik Johan
      Publication: Name: B.M. Isra?l,; Location: 3 volumes in 4. 1888-1893. Reprint [ Amsterdam]; Date: 1966;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: vol. 3A table 8
      Quality: 3
    10. Abbrev: Genealogical Tables of the Sovereigns of the World, from the Earliest to the Present Period: Exhibiting in Each Table Their Immediate Successors, Collateral Branches and the Duration of Their Respective Reigns
      Title: Genealogical Tables of the Sovereigns of the World, from the Earliest to the Present Period: Exhibiting in Each Table Their Immediate Successors, Collateral Branches and the Duration of Their Respective Reigns
      Author: Betham, William
      Publication: Name: W. Bennett; Location: London; Date: 1795;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: table 454
      Quality: 3
    11. Abbrev: Nachkommen Gorms des Alten
      Title: Nachkommen Gorms des Alten
      Author: Brenner, S. Otto
      Publication: Date: 1978;
      Page: p. 210 no. 2740
      Quality: 3
    12. Abbrev: Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europäischen Staaten. Neue Folge (1978), Schwennicke, Detlev, (Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, c1978-1995 (v. 1-16) -- Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, c1998-) new
      Title: Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europäischen Staaten. Neue Folge (1978), Schwennicke, Detlev, (Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, c1978-1995 (v. 1-16) -- Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, c1998-) new
      Page: Band I/2 Tafel 196
      Quality: 3
    13. Abbrev: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 8th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 2004
      Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 8th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 2004
      Page: 252A-35; 252B-35
    14. Abbrev: The Genealogist (1980-)
      Title: The Genealogist (1980-)
      Author: Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy
      Publication: Name: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy; Location: New York; Date: 1980-;
      Repository:
        Name: Family History Library (FHL)
        35 North West Temple Street/Salt Lake City, Utah 8

      Page: Fall 1982, vol. 3 no. 2 p. 178:162
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