Davis - not a tree but a forest

Entries: 166493    Updated: 2013-03-26 20:56:18 UTC (Tue)    Owner: Richard Ervin Davis

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  • ID: I64883
  • Name: William De Berkeley
  • Given Name: William
  • Surname: De Berkeley
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1426 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: CP II p133], place: [Ref: CP II p133], parents: [Ref: CP II p133] ___ BERKELEY & Isabel MOWBRAY [Ref: CP II p88], father: [Ref: CP II p145]
  • Death: 14 Feb 1492 in Sanctuary, Westminster, Middlesex, England
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    date: [Ref: CP II p135] 1492 [Ref: CP II p145], place: [Ref: CP II p135]
  • Burial: St Augustine Friars, London
  • Note:
    Sources for this Information:
    place: [Ref: CP II p135]
  • _UID: 00BB1AB2F0E343B78A31CD454A1B10E177C1
  • Change Date: 8 Mar 2013 at 10:56
  • Note:
    son of James and Isabel De Mowbray

    WILLIAM (Sir), created Viscount Berkeley, Earl of Nottingham and MARQUESS OF BERKELEY. On the accession of HENRY VII. his lordship was constituted EARL MARSHAL OF ENGLAND, with limitation to the heirs male of his body. He d. in 1492, leaving no issue, although married thrice, when all those honors became EXTINCT.
    (A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland Vol I, page 470)

    William de Berkeley, 1st Marquess of Berkeley (1426 14 February 1492) was an English peer, who also went by the nickname of William 'the Wass all'. He was buried at "St. Augustine's Friars, London" according to one source, but most likeley in the Berkeley family foundation of St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol.

    William of Berkley was born to James Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley and Lady Isabel Mowbray at Berkeley Castle in Berkeley, England in 1426. His first marriage was in 1466 to Elizabeth West, daughter of Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr, but he obtained a divorce on 20 November 1467. In November 1468, he married Joan Strangeways, daughter of Sir Thomas Strangeways and Lady Katherine Neville. After the death of his second wife, he married Anne Fiennes, sister of Thomas Fiennes, 8th Baron Dacre, in circa 1486.

    He had no surviving male issue, thus the Marquesate and his other non-inherited titles became extinct on his death, but had a younger brother, Maurice. The latter however he disinherited as having brought shame on the noble House of Berkeley by marrying beneath his status to Isabel Mead, da. of Philip Mead of Wraxall an Alderman and Mayor of Bristol in 1459, 1462 & 1469. In order to achieve this, the castle, lands and lordships composing the Barony of Berkeley he settled on King Henry VII and his heirs male, failing which to descend to his own rightful heirs. Thus in 1553 on the death of King Edward VI, the unmarried grandson of Henry VII, the Berkeley inheritance returned to the family. Therefore on the death of the 1st Marquis, only the de jure barony title was passed on, to his younger brother Maurice Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley, that is to say he was Baron Berkeley by right if not actually in possession of the baronial property. The 4th, 5th & 6th Barons were also de jure only, with Henry(d.1613) becoming de facto 7th Baron in 1553.

    On 20 March 1469/70 he was challenged by Thomas Talbot, 2nd Viscount Lisle to settle the claims to his great-uncle Thomas's estates, by combat. Thomas was killed in the combat.[1] The battle, known as the Battle of Nibley Green, is notable for being the last battle fought in England entirely between the private armies of feudal magnates. William and Maurice were assisted at Nibley Green by a private army raised by Philip Mead, Maurice's father-in-law. It was surely a mark of ingratitude that William disinherited Mead's grandchildren.
    (Wikipedia)


    RESEARCH NOTES:
    1st Marquess of Berkeley, of Marquessate cr 1489 [Ref: CP II p133] Marquess of Berkeley [Ref: CP II p88] 1st Viscount Berkeley, of Viscountcy cr 1481 [Ref: CP II p133] 1st Earl of Nottingham, of Earldom cr 1483 [Ref: CP IX p782, CP II p133] 2nd Lord Berkeley, of Barony cr 1421 [Ref: CP II p133]

    in right of his mother, was co-representative of Duke of Bedford [Ref: CP II p88]

    assumed the Barony of Bedford, along with the Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave [Ref: CP II p88]

    1488: cr Marquess of Berkeley [Ref: CP II p88]

    d.s.p.s [Ref: CP II p135]




    Father: James "The Just" De Berkeley b: 1394 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
    Mother: Isabel De Mowbray b: 1395 in Ashwellthrope, Norfolk, England

    Marriage 1 Anne De Fiennes b: Abt 1424 in Hurstmonceaux Castle, Hailsham, Sussex, England
    • Married: Abt 1486
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: abt 1486 [Ref: CP II p135]
    • Change Date: 10 Dec 2012

    Marriage 2 Elizabeth West
    • Married: 1466
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: CP II p134], divorced: before 20 Nov 1467 [Ref: CP II p134]
    • Change Date: 10 Dec 2012

    Marriage 3 Joan Strangeways
    • Married: Nov 1468
    • Note:
      Sources for this Information:
      date: [Ref: CP II p134]
    • Change Date: 10 Dec 2012
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