Sloan Connection Database

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  • ID: I004713
  • Name: Mary Alice Sizemore
  • Sex: F
  • Birth: ABT 1750 in VA. Native American, Creek ?
  • Death: AFT 1850 in FLOYD Co. KY.
  • Event: File Number QG #875
  • RACE: Native American, Creek
  • Note:
    Lots of confusion and conflicts on Alice! One place says she was an Indian another says she was the first white woman in the Knott Co. Ky. area. Where does the husband "William" come from? Is this all oral history? Is there any written documentation?? {f.em.}
    2 Dec 2006: Steve Wiliamson says: "I would NO longer consider these {Apr 2002} notes you have there from me on Mary Alice as valid. I have never been able to find any proof that she was a Sizemore at all, or that she married a William Hiram Slone. It is not impossible that her maiden name was actually Slone, for all that I can tell from what few records there are of her....So far no Native American Y or mtDNA has turned up in her descendants."

    22 Apr 2002: Steve Williamson provides this thought provoking little monograph :
    Her four known sons (Isham, Hiram, Isaac, Shadrac) are supposed to have been fathered by four different men, their middle names indicating the father's surname. She was only legally married to Hiram, however. She appears to have had no daughters: note there are no other females in Mary's household in 1810.

    Her family is thought to have moved sometime before 1810 from Patrick County, Virginia to Caney Creek, Floyd County, Kentucky, where her husband died.

    The 1810 Census Floyd Co. KY pg102 Mary - 11000 00001 00 (1 white female, over 45; the 2 boys are presumably Isham & Hiram)
    1810 Floyd Co KY Tax List: Mary Slone

    Where was she from 1810-1850?

    The 1850 Census Floyd Co. Ky. Pg. 427, Fam. 853: white female, age 100, b. VA; living in household of son Hiram.

    Mary Alice is sometimes said to be 'the first white woman in what is now Knott County,' though she may not have been "white" if the oral history about her is true (see below). Many of her descendants now live in Pike, Floyd and Knott Counties in Kentucky.

    She is sometimes claimed as "full-blooded Indian," specifically "Creek," but there are some problems with this. First, Creek is an improbable tribal affiliation for late 18th-century western Virginia; a more likely one for her time and place would be would be Saponi, Catawba, Nansemond, etc; another possibility would be Free African-American (Free Negro) ancestry. However, the likely ancestors of the Sizemores who appear in southwest Virginia by 1741, were in the territory of the Pamunkey and Mattaponi Indians at the time the miscegenation probably took place: King & Queen, Middlesex, King William, & New Kent Counties in eastern Virginia. The Pamunkey & Mattaponi were members of the Powhatan "Confederacy" or "Empire."

    In any case, she was unlikely to have been "full-blooded" Indian or black, since she evidently had skin light enough and features European enough to be accepted as 'white' by the census takers. Also, her children and grandchildren are consistently counted as 'white' on later censuses. On the other hand, census records are not always reliable guides to race - they have to be looked at in combination with other records when there is some doubt. I accept that she was of Native American ancestry, but believe that she was probably "mixed" rather than "full blood."

    In connection with the "Indian" stories, her parents are listed variously as "Chief Golden Hawk" Sizemore or as "Old Ned" (Edward) Sizemore, but no evidence links her to either of these men. However, this does not mean that the stories should be simply dismissed, in my opinion. Mary Alice may very well have been a daughter or niece of the Edward Sizemore (b.c. 17?? - d. ca. 1780), who in 1746 entered 400 acres at the mouth of Polecat Creek on the south side of Banister River, Lunenburg County, Virginia (1752 in Halifax; 1767 in Halifax Co, VA - today in Pittsylvania Co, VA). His family may have intermarried with their neighbors the Joyner family, who were listed as "Indian" in 1750. Alice might therefore have been the daughter of one of the Sizemores of Lunenburg County by a daughter, sister or other female relative of the "Indian man" William Joyner; OR she may have been an illegitimate daughter of a female Sizemore by a male Joyner - there is no direct proof of this, but note this Lunenburg court record, which does show that the two families were connected:
    1747/June Lunenburg Co.,VA Order Bk. #1 p.207: John BOYD, Pet. vs. WILLIAM
    JOYNER & SARAH SIZEMORE, def., on a Pet.. It appearing by the sheriff's return that Def. has been duly served with a subpoena and a copy of the petition, and they not appearing, and the pet. produced Def. bill, judgment is granted Plt. etc..

    1748 Lunenburg Co, VA: Edward Sizemore appears as a witness on will of Henry GREEN (will dated 15 Oct 1748) - a John Green appears with a George Sizemore on a South Carolina militia deserters list (see below) 1748 List Taken by Cornelius Cargill - Lunenburg Co., VA: William Joynor 1, William Sizemore1, also these Sizemores: Edward, Ephraim, Henry, James (all with 1 tithe)

    Alice could have been the daughter of any of these Sizemores of the 1748 Lunenburg tax list: William, Edward, Ephraim, Henry, James.
    1) Ephraim of Lunenburg may be the same man as the Ephraim Sizemore "mulatto" who turns up on a South Carolina tax list (Indians were often listed as mulattoes - the term referred not just to persons of mixed white & black ancestry, but also to those of American Indian ancestry). In 1753 Orange Co, NC Court Minutes, Mary Torrington petitions the Court concerning an orphan female child, called Sarah Torrington, taken from her in a forcible manner by a certain EPHRAIM SIZEMORE, a MULATTO.
    2) James may be the Indian trader who left many descendants among the Creek nation in the late 18th century (thus supporting Alice's connection to the Creeks?)
    3) George Sizemore, who was possibly the same man listed as a deserter from the South Carolina militia Oct 27, 1759. Also among deserters: John GREEN, Peter HART (Harts are also mentioned as a family that was possibly the 'source of Indian blood' in the Sizemores), and Thomas CHEVAS (Chavis is a very common surname among mixed-race families in the southeastern US; Chavis & Green are both also associated with the Saponi Indians by some researchers)
    4) According to Silas H. Begley, Edward (Ned) Sizemore was born 1727, Lunenburg Co., VA, and died 1810, Hawkins Co., TN. His estate was settled there on 23 October 1811 by son George. Begley lists Edward's children as George, Milla, Dolley, Myram/Hyram, Edward Jr, and William.

    1750 List Taken by Cornelius Cargill - Lunenburg Co, VA: William Joyner, "an old Indian man's list" 1, George Sizemore 1 (only time that William Joyner was referred to as an Indian - so if this list had not survived, he would have been thought of as just another white settler; this shows how difficult it can be to prove race using only such documents)

    5 May 1761 Lunenburg Co, VA: William Sizemore a co-executor of will of Henry GREEN, Jr (will dated 23 Feb 1761)

    1764 list of tithables, St. James Parish, Lunenburg County: Sizemore, John 82 acres, Sizemore, William

    ****Confusion with "Old Ned" of the Cherokee applications****
    The Edward of Lunenburg County has been sometimes confused with "Old Ned" Sizemore, many of whose descendants filed a series of applications beginning in 1906, seeking recognition as Eastern Cherokee, which were denied for lack of proof. The "Old Ned" of the Cherokee claims lived until about 1858, according to a 1908 Guion Miller testimony, and therefore could not be the same man as the Edward of Lunenburg (but it is not impossible that he was a relative). It is possible the "Old Ned" of the claims was actually Catawba or other tribe (or African), rather than Cherokee. "Old Ned" is furthermore often identified, without proof, as the anonymous British Loyalist hung in 1781 by Col. Ben Cleveland from the Tory Oak near Wilkesboro, Wilkes (now Ashe) County, North Carolina. Supposedly, this hanging took place following a chase and capture; reins taken from the horse were used for rope. The witness to this, a James Gwynn, claimed the hanged Loyalist was a Sizemore, but did not provide his first name. William T. Riddle (1740-1781), another Loyalist, was also hung by the same Col. Cleveland, whose nickname was "the Hanging Colonel." The surname Riddle may be a clue in this: a Moses Riddle is listed as a "mulatto" in Orange County, North Carolina, then appears in Pittsylvania County, Virginia in 1767 as an "Indian." Moses was possibly Catawba or of one of the other Siouan-speaking Monacan tribes (Tutelo, Saponi) of the Virginia & North Carolina Piedmont.

    ***A note on DNA: Recently, the results of the Y-chromosome (direct paternal line) study of one Sizemore descendant, a John A. Sizemore of Virginia Beach, VA, has turned up evidence of American Indian ancestry. This doesn't make much sense, however, because in the direct paternal line, the Sizemores should be English, descended from an English immigrant of that surname. A William Sizemore came to Virginia from England prior to February 1619, when he received 100 acres of land "Upon Appomattox river," located in what was later Henrico County (now Chesterfield). Therefore, there must have been, for example, an adoption of an Indian male by an Anglo-American, or the taking on by an Indian male of the Sizemore surname in that line. This may mean that some Sizemores were themselves Indian, and didn't just "get Indian blood" from a family like the Joyners. The test results did not indicate the specific tribe.****

    1) Commodore Slone, article, Appalachian Heritage Fall 1974, Winter 1975
    2) Sizemore Family Data--Raw Notes--Virginia DeMarce--17 August 1996 (
    3) Elliott, Katherine B., comp., Early Settlers Mecklenburg County Virginia Volume I. South Hill, VA, 1964. Reprint Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, Inc., 1983., pp. 98, 159, 188
    4) Jack Goins, article on the Genealogy of the family of Owen and Elizabeth Bingham Sizemore Sr., in "Distant Crossroads" (subref: Draper letter 5DD110, pp. 1-2)
    5) Begley, Silas H. Sizemore Family Group Charts. Distant Crossroads [Journal of the Hawkins County, Tennessee, Historical and Genealogical Society], 10(2), April 1993, 42.
    6) SC Archives, Muster roll, Capt. John Hitchcock's Co., Expedition to Fort Prince George 1759-1760. Copied from Old Darlington Dist. Chapter of SCGS, Newsletter The Darlington Flag Vol.6 No.3 Summer 1994 p.19
    7) Paul Heinegg, Free African Americans of NC and VA pp.155-73, CHAVIS Family (on-line at
    7) Mildred Slone Ferrin, "The Slone Family Genealogy" Draper, UT, 1986
    8) Pat Elder, "Melungeons: Examining An Appalachian Legend", Continuity Press, 1999 (has a section on the Sizemores)
    9) Patrick Hanks & Flavia Hodges, "A Dictionary of Surnames", Oxford University Press, 1989 (surname itself is English, derived from the Scandinavian personal name 'Sigemar.')
    10) Conway Whittle Sams, "The Conquest of Virginia The Third Attempt"
    11) Charles E. Hatch, Jr, "The First Seventeen Years - Virginia 1607-1624"
    12) Foley, "Early Virginia Families along the James River"
    13) Nell Marion Nugent, "Cavaliers and Pioneers - Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents & Grants 1623-1666", PB.2 p.95.
    10) Series of posts on archive by Joy King, Donald Panther-Yates, John A. Sizemore, Ron Blevins, & others (in particular, Tue, 7 May 2002 22:04:38 -0400
    From: "Joy King"; Sun, 28 Apr 2002 17:58:17 -0400 From: "Sheila Anderson-Lewis"; Wed, 1 May 2002 17:12:09 -0400 From: "Joy King" - refers to: Joy King post, 9 Jan 2000
    Darleen Flanagan says:
    Death note " Little Granny Alice, live to be about 100 years of age. Alice was an indian, and was found dead without her head, legend has it that since she was married to a white man, the indians did not like it and decapitated her. They never found her head, so she was buried without it."
    Shirley Bryson says there is evidence that she had some daughters also. One m. and Anderson.

    1. Census 1810: Floyd Co. Ky. Pg. 102 [Mary, 11000 0000100]
    2. Census 1850: Floyd Co. Ky. Fam. 853 Pg. 427 [100, Va w/Hiram]
    3. 1996 research of Darleen P. Flanagan, 1302 East Allen Rd. apt #3, Tucson, AZ 85719 [husband, father, children] note: Darleen has photo of Chief Golden Hawk
    4. "The Sloan Family Genealogy" by Mildred Slone Ferrin, Draper, UT, 1986 [dpob, 1750 Patrick Co. VA. husband, 4 sons: Shadrick Hall , Isom Adkins, Isaac Stevens, Hiram]

    Marriage 1 WILLIAM HIRAM SLONE b: BEF 1760 in of PATRICK Co. VA. ?
    • Married: in VA.
    1. Has Children Shadrack Hall Elias Slone b: ABT 1788 in PATRICK Co. VA. ?
    2. Has Children Isom Adkins Slone b: 1796 in PATRICK Co. VA.
    3. Has No Children Isaac Stevens Slone b: ABT 1796 in PATRICK Co. VA.
    4. Has Children Hiram Slone b: ABT 1797 in PATRICK Co. VA.
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