Ham/m

Entries: 294205    Updated: 2017-12-16 15:05:37 UTC (Sat)    Owner: Tom Hamm

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  • ID: I23610
  • _UID: 456C8AD1E5854A37B028B5E7A83CFD2E7AE8
  • Name: James HEPBURN
  • Suffix: , 4th Earl of Bothwell
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1540 in Bothwell, Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • Death: 14 APR 1578
  • Note:

    !James Hepburn, Duke of Orkney, Marquess of Fife, 4th Earl of Bothwell, usually just referred to as Bothwell (~1535 - April 14, 1578) was the third husband of Mary I of Scotland. Bothwell was the son of Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell, whom he succeeded as earl in 1556. Although he was probably acting in an advisory capacity to Mary almost from the moment of her return in Scotland (in 1561), their liaison does not seem to have begun until 1566, after the birth of her son, the future James VI of Scotland. Bothwell had married Jean, the daughter of George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly, in February of that year; the marriage lasted just over a year. Hearing that Bothwell had been seriously wounded and was likely to die, Mary visited him at Hermitage Castle only a few weeks after giving birth to James. Bothwell was divorced by his wife on the grounds of adultery with his wife's servant, Bessie Crawford, in May, 1567, three months after the death of Mary's second husband, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, whom Bothwell was accused of murdering by his enemies. He married Mary on May 15, 1567, twelve days after his divorce, after having abducted her; he had been created Duke of Orkney on May 12. The marriage made her unpopular, and was a direct cause of her being forced to abdicate her throne. In December of the same year, Bothwell's titles and estates were forfeit for treason. He escaped from Scotland and travelled to Scandinavia in the hope of raising an army to put Mary back on the throne, but was imprisoned by King Frederick in Norway, and was imprisoned in the notorious Dragsholm Castle, Denmark, after a failed attempt to escape, where he was kept in appalling conditions and eventually died, insane. His mummified body could supposedly be seen in Fårevejle, in the church near Dragsholm, until a few decades ago. The identity of the body has never been conclusively proven, however, and it was properly buried at the request of Bothwell's relatives in the 1980s. Wikipedia
  • Change Date: 23 DEC 2009



    Father: Patrick HEPBURN b: 1512 in Bothwell, Lanarkshire, Scotland
    Mother: Agnes SINCLAIR b: ABT 1520 in Rosslyn Castle, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland

    Marriage 1 Mary Of SCOTLAND b: 8 DEC 1542 in Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, Scotland
    • Married: 15 MAY 1567
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